The Federation Council approved the law on treason

The Federation Council approved a law toughening penalties for divulging state secrets and introducing criminal liability for illegally obtaining secret information.

The law complements the Criminal Code (CC) of the Russian Federation with a new article (283.1), on which receipt of information constituting a state secret, by abduction, of fraud, bribery, blackmail, coercion or threat of use of violence is proposed to punish by a fine of 200,000 rubles to 500,000 rubles or imprisonment for up to four years.

If such an act is committed by a group of individuals with violence, with serious consequences or using special technology and other means intended for secret information, or if the result came difficult consequences, the offender shall be imprisoned for a term of three to eight years .

The law also expands the dispositions of Article 275 of the Criminal Code ("high treason") and the number of recipients gosizmeny includes international organizations, which, according to the deputy director of the Federal Security Service, State Secretary Yuri Gorbunov, is actively used as a cover for intelligence activities.

Specified and the object of treason. So "legally uncertain," the concept of "external security" is changed to "the security of the Russian Federation." In addition, the list of objects included gosizmeny constitutional order, territorial and state integrity.

The law states that the responsibility for issuing the information constituting a state secret, can the person to whom such information become known or have been entrusted not only for work but also for learning.

At the conclusion of the relevant committee SF constitutional law, law and justice stated that the committee considered the appeal of the Presidential Council on Human Rights, signed by Mikhail Fedotov. In the opinion of the Board, these changes in the current legislation will lead to a broad interpretation of the norms criminalizing treason.

"The members of the Committee as set out in the Opinion link to a double punishment for offenses under Article 275 of the Criminal Code is untenable, because this norm has its own object use, other than the offenses specified in other articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.

One can not agree with the indication that the current law remained the norm that criminalize assistance to international organizations, of which the Russian Federation (the UN, CSTO, CIS, SCO, etc.), "- said in the conclusion of the FC committee.

The law will improve the criminal law in the protection of state secrets against crime and improve the efficiency of the security of the Russian Federation, according to the opinion.

The law goes to the president for his signature, according to RIA Novosti

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