Last winter was in Russia the coldest in 30 years, said Monday the head of Hydromet Alexander Frolov.
"In Siberia, it will probably be the coldest on record," — Frolov said at a press conference dedicated to the Day of the meteorologist, is celebrated on March 23.
But not only in Russia was strangely cold and snowy, and around the world. Climatic variations, the heat, the cold … An incredible amount of snow, and in the southern latitudes of rain. All of this begs the question — what's going on in the world?
RIA Novosti has collected a consolidated reference for Verwall weather anomalies. Let's posmorim.
> February 1 Ojmjakon station in north-eastern Yakutia recorded the warm February day on record. In the middle of the day thermometers showed minus 15,3 °. The previous record of "warmth" for February 1 was set in 1999 — minus 19,3 °. But the most "warm" day in February so far has been 17 February 1985 — 16,2 ° below zero. Ojmjakon contested the city of Verkhoyansk (Yakutia), the title of "cold pole of the Earth."
> Forecasters recorded the temperature record in Sochi on February 3. The air is warmed to plus 18 °. The previous high, plus 16,8 °, was recorded in 1938.
> February 3 after a three-hour rainfall in the Brazilian Sao Paulo river burst its banks, flooding one of the main thoroughfares of the city. As a result, the water turned the riverbanks, where the most important transportation artery of the city. Traffic on motorways mnogorjadnyh was completely blocked and a half hours.
> In the first week of February, torrential rains hit central and western parts of Mexico. The level of rainfall — 160 mm, which is unusual for the winter season in Mexico. The rains led to flooding. Most affected by the heavy rains and landslides Michoacan and Mexico State, which emerged from the banks of the River flooded more than 20 million homes. Killed 17 people, seven of them children.
> February 6-7 at the East Coast of the U.S. has fallen snow, which left hundreds of thousands of people without electricity, airports and paralyzed completely stopped traffic on motorways. The railway company Amtrak has canceled many trains that followed between the cities of the east coast of the United States.
> Snow, who with the light hand of U.S. President Barack Obama's media were called Snowmageddon («Snegomageddon"), has become for many a record. In Washington, two days received more than 80 cm of snow. Many trees could not withstand gravity and fell, burying cars parked nearby. Also, due to the snow were damaged roofs were closed museums, shops, churches and concert halls.
> February 7 in Barnaul temperature dropped to? 34,6 °, and set a new absolute minimum for February 7 in the city. Previous lasted more than 20 years, since 1986, when it was -31,7 °.
> 11 February snowfall that hit New York USA, paralyzed airports and highways were closed all schools and most government agencies, employees are given a day off. Because of the bad weather did not work and the headquarters of the United Nations.
> February 11 after a hit the U.S. East Coast blizzards snow depth in Washington has reached a record level of 139.4 cm, 1.25 cm higher than the level recorded meteorological winter 1898-1899 period. Also, a record number of snow fell in Baltimore (Maryland) — 183.6 cm vs. 158.7 cm in the winter of 1995-1996.
> 11 February storm that hit the Australian city of Melbourne, have led to severe floods. In the central area of the city in half an hour had the half monthly average rainfall. This was the cause of traffic jams: cars and public transport barely moved in the pouring rain, there were numerous traffic jams. Due to weather conditions, hundreds of trains were canceled. Torrential rains in Melbourne accompanied by strong winds, thunder and lightning.
> From 18 to 23 February Moscow was covered with snow. Snow depth in the north-east of the capital on the morning of February 22 for a record 63 cm — the previous record of 62 cm was recorded in 1966.
> Day 22 February snow in the capital still attacked, and on the morning of February 23 the height of the VVC reached 67 cm This is a new achievement of winter on the number of February. Before Base 60 cm were observed in 1902 and 1970.
> According to forecasters, the total amount of precipitation in the capital, is 170% of the position of the monthly norm.
February 20, heavy rains that hit the island of Madeira, located in the Atlantic Ocean, 900 km south-east of Portugal, led to massive flooding and landslides. Bridges and roads washed out, machine blown stream of water. The streets of the main city of Funchal flooded, many residents were left without water and electricity. 42 people were killed and over 100 were injured, and injured, 240 homeless.
> February 22, hundreds of people were evacuated due to floods in eastern Serbia. Due to incessant rains in the region, and the melting snow from the coast took a few rivers. As a result, more than 300 homes and a prison in Zajecar, located on the border of Serbia and Bulgaria, were flooded.
> February 22 to Tbilisi (Georgia) Hurricane wind gusts reached up to 32 meters per second. The wind, which began in the evening and does not stop all night, damaged power lines, tore roofs of 150 houses, smashed about 400 trees, some of which uprooted. Fallen trees damaged homes and resulted in the deaths of three men. Damage from the storm was over 700 thousand dollars.
> February 24 to February record high temperatures were recorded in 73 cities in Japan. In the city of Nagasaki daily temperature was 22,6 ° and the temperature record has been broken 120 years ago this time of year. In Osaka, the thermometer rose to 21,2 °, in Tokyo temperature was 16,6 °, which corresponds to the beginning of April. In some cities, Nagano Prefecture, where at this time of year usually there is snow, it's the May heat with a temperature of 19,3 °, which corresponds to the beginning of May.
> February 24-25, in the south of Spain due to the ongoing second week of torrential rains overflowed the river Guadalquivir, which led to flooding in the provinces of Jaen, Cordoba and Seville, including several areas in the city of Cordoba, Villafranca and Tosin. Because of the heavy rains had to open the floodgates crowded 32 reservoirs in Spain.
> February 26 forecasters registered in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, the highest temperature of the February night (+ 1 °) in the history of meteorological observations. February 25 afternoon in the south of Sakhalin was +5 °, and a shower of rain.
> February 26 in New York (USA), a violent storm, which piled up a day about 30 inches of rain. As a result, the authorities of the city on February 26 had to close all public schools. Thus, the students the second time this school year, were "snow" day off, which is extremely rare: the last two times Lessons canceled due to bad weather in March, 2009, and before that — only in 2004. In the three international airports around the city were canceled thousands of flights, mostly domestic.
> At the end of February in the north-west of Haiti have been prolonged heavy rains, due to which the water level in the settlements rose by 1.5 m Entire areas were completely flooded. About 3 million people have been forced to leave their homes. There are dead.
> In February, in the south-east of China continued drought, which has become the strongest in the last 50 years. "The great dryness" was established in Yunnan Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China. In some places there was no rain since September 2009. As a result of all the crops died, mountain rivers have dried up. The direct economic losses amounted to 527 million dollars. Nearly 12 million people were left without drinking water, mostly — people living in remote areas of Yunnan, Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Gansu, Liaoning, Guizhou, Shaanxi and Sichuan, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and the city of Chongqing under the central government.
> February 27 on the territory of Spain was hit by hurricane, which was formed in the Atlantic. Then, on the night of February 28, he reached the French coast. The hurricane swept through the central region to the east of the country and made it through France to Belgium and then to Germany. Wind gusts in some areas of France exceeded 140 km per hour. Hurricane, accompanied by heavy showers, pulled down the dam, felled trees, tore off roofs, forcing airlines to cancel flights and delayed trains. Only in France killed 48 people.
> February 28 the wind ceased. The hurricane was named "Xynthia". The victims of the hurricane "Xynthia" in Western Europe began, at least 53 people, more than a million homes were without electricity. The hurricane was the strongest in a decade.
The material is based on information
· Winter 2009-2010. The results