Male menopause (menopause)

What is a female menopause.  Photo from http://creative.gettyimages.com

All people eventually grow old and faced with the challenge of menopause.

By about age 50, metabolism slows down, production of hormones in women decreases, cell renewal slows down, there are diseases and problems that youth are rare or do not occur at all.

Menopause is composed of several stages, different in length and extending to the end of life. Poor health, mood swings, "hot flashes", sweating, pressure drops, heart palpitations — it can last a long time. To prevent possible comorbidities associated with hormonal deficiency (breast cancer, breast cancer, cancer of the female reproductive organs, genital prolapse, osteoporosis, etc.) need to consult specialists (gynecologist, endocrinologist, etc.).

From the point of view of production of female sex hormones, all of a woman's life is divided into several stages: premenopausal (From the date of the first missed period and before the end of regular menses) Perimenopause (The period before and after menopause) menopause (Time of the last menstrual period), andpostmenopause (The period commencing twelve months after the menopause and the end of life).

Perimenopause, menopause and postmenopause conditionally combined into menopause — menopause.

Perimenopause

This period begins, on average, 4 years before menopause (average age 47.5 years) and continued for 12 months after the cessation of menstruation.

The first sign of perimenopause — changes in the menstrual cycle, the duration and the number of blood loss.

Perimenopause — a time of great hormonal changes in women. Estrogen levels — female genital hormones — begins to oscillate and constantly decreasing. Due to the shortage of female hormones is developing a range of unpleasant symptoms. The earliest symptoms are hot flashes and night sweats, depression, irritability.

Menopause

Menopause — the time of the last natural bleeding (menstruation). This can only be established after 12 months without bleeding (amenorrhea). The average age of menopause — 51.3 years, while women who smoke menopause can occur at 1,5-2 the year before.

Postmenopausal

Twelve months after the menopause women enter menopause period — the period to the end of life, marked by lack of female sex hormones.

As already mentioned above, the first symptoms associated with deficiency of female sex hormones are "hot flashes" and night sweats, mood swings, irritability. They last at least 2 to 5 years — early postmenopausal period— Then, tend to disappear.

Symptoms such as dryness and itching in the vagina, loss of sexual desire, pain during urination, etc. only become worse with time.

In addition, in the first few years after menopause occurs very rapidly losing bone mass, as well as changes in blood vessels begin to progress, from a woman who previously defended the high level of estrogen. These changes increase the risk for women osteoporosis (bone brittleness increased, which entails frequent fractures, the worst of which is a hip fracture), and the risk of heart disease.

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