In Spain, to be together with the central government is not willing to industrial areas. The Basque Country has the highest GDP per capita, Catalonia transfers to the budget more than it receives from the state.
The Spanish Constitution recognizes and guarantees the right to autonomy of the nationalities and regions of which it is composed, and the solidarity between them. But in this case, although each of the 17 regions has the right to self-government, and the constitution enshrines "the unbreakable unity" of the Spanish nation. The central government in Madrid collects most of the tax revenues and returns the funds to regional governments. Only the Basque Country and Navarre preserve historic right to operate autonomously collect taxes.
When the head of the Catalan government Mas came to power two years ago, he set his sights on the Madrid to achieve the same powers in the tax area. Recently, the Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy has refused to provide tax independence of Catalonia. Without Catalan Spain will lose revenue position of the fourth largest economy in the EU, says Spiegel. Rajoy said the unity necessary for the markets.
Separatists complain that robs Madrid Catalonia. Despite conducted in the past two years by Mas rigorous course of the economy, the number of jobs in the region is reduced, as a result of debt rose to a record among the provinces of Spain — 44 billion euros. Ratings Catalonia reduced to subinvestitsionnyh. Mac was forced to ask the Madrid more than 5 billion euros at the expense of promoting regions.
The Catalans claim that would live better, being an independent state. As shown by a recent poll, more than half of the population would vote for independence if a referendum.
The same sentiments and the Basque Country. Favourite upcoming early elections on October 21, the head of the Basque Nationalist Party Inigo Urkulyu not considering plans to secede from Spain, instead he wants to improve the region's status in its relations with the state as a whole. He advocates that the Basque country and the central government were "equal positions."
But voters can bring to the second position by ultra-separatist Euskal Herria Bildu (EHB), and then Urkulyu have to reckon with the requirements of the radical forces that seek separation from Spain.