Diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary emphysema

Diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary emphysema.  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

Diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary emphysema has been pulmonologist.

In addition to the inspection and auscultation (listening), for the diagnosis of pulmonary emphysema is used:

  • X-ray examination of the lungs (characterized by inflation of the lung tissue and increase its lightness).
  • Computed tomography pulmonary increasingly used for the diagnosis and determining the exact location of bull.
  • The study of respiratory function — allows you to identify the degree of impairment of lung function.

The main treatments for emphysema:

  • smoking cessation;
  • oxygen therapy (inhalation of air with high oxygen content);
  • breathing exercises;
  • adequate and thorough treatment disease, leading to emphysema (chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma).

This improves the efficiency of the lungs, respiratory and delaying the development of heart failure.

When bullous emphysema recommended surgical treatment. The essence of treatment — removal of bulls. Such operations can be performed both by the classical with the opening of access chest cells and endoscopy (using special tools through punctures chest cells). Endoscopic removal of bull preferable: significantly shorter recovery period after surgery, there is no scar on thechest cell.

Timely removal of bull prevents the development of severe complications such as pneumothorax (air into the pleural cavity due to rupture of bullae).

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