Flu and Pregnancy

Flu and Pregnancy

Of course pregnancynot the best time to disease. But rarely see a woman who for the first nine months was never sick. Therefore, if you feel that the nose is running, and the tickle in the throat, do not panic. Maybe it's just a cold, which does not present any particular risk for the unborn child. Worse, if you picked up a viral disease, which is called flu.

What is influenza?

Flu symptoms are known to all — a high fever, weakness, runny nose, cough, and headache. Influenza is caused entirely by a particular virus belonging to the family of ortomiksovirusov. You can not catch the flu, just get your feet wet — the infection enters the body through airborne droplets from an infected person.

The influenza virus, once in the body, begins to multiply rapidly and spreads through the blood throughout the body. When this happens destruction of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, which is then not able to perform its protective function. That is why the number of flu complications include pneumonia, bronchitis, otitis media, sinusitis. Cardio-vascular system sometimes develops an inflammatory disease the heart muscle, which may lead to heart failure. Actually, it was the flu and its complications is dangerous during pregnancy.

The most annoying thing — it's a risk of miscarriage or premature birth. In addition, the body is weakened by the flu often "sit" a bacterial infection — Pneumococcal, Haemophilus influenzae, staphylococcus. Frequently observed exacerbation of chronic diseases such as asthma and chronic bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, metabolic disorders, kidney disease, etc.

How to treat the flu?

Naturally prescribe and treat influenza should the doctor to whom you will immediately see and be sure to tell about her pregnancy. Treatment of influenza in pregnant women has its own characteristics. Because many drugs are the usual arsenal of flu funds in your position are contraindicated. These include aspirin, certain antitussives and decongestants, some antiviral drugs.

First of all, you need to drink plenty of liquids, which helps to "wash away" an insidious virus from the body. It is better to drink something tart and contains vitamin C — fruit drinks, hot tea with raspberries, lemon and honey drink from the hips. Of antipyretic paracetamol allowed for pregnant women.

Cough doctor will most likely prescribe a breast fees or cold preparations permitted in pregnancy. Also, the relevance of the steam inhalation with infusions of chamomile, calendula, peppermint, sage, eucalyptus, St. John's wort, rosemary, pine buds, etc. Antibiotics are not assigned to the flu, even non-pregnant patients.

The consequences of influenza in pregnancy

Naturally, all pregnant women are very worried about what effect disease Influenza baby's health. Just want to clarify that no doctor can not with 100% certainty whether the disease has affected the development of the child or not. With high probability we can only say that the greatest danger of flu is in the early stages of pregnancy up to 12 weeks. On these terms there is a bookmark of organs and tissues of the future baby, so it is especially important during pregnancy is beneficial at this time. Further baby only growing, and the flu can no longer affect the structure of the organs.

In addition, there is a rule in the nature of "all or nothing". Under this rule, if after getting the flu, something has gone wrong in the development of pregnancy, it most often is interrupted. If the pregnancy is the flu proceeds smoothly, all the tests are normal, with the baby on the ultrasound and the placenta's all right, then, most likely, not to worry, all is well with the child.

If influenza is particularly hard, with complications, the possibility of infection of the child, even if small, but persists. In this case, you can make so-called "triple test" for AFP, hCG and estriol (should definitely take all three analyzes, as for two or one assess the risk of often unrealistic).

However, we must remember that the results of this test are often unreliable because they depend on many factors. Depending on the results of the "triple" test (sometimes several times to retake the greater reliability), you can either calm down or examined further. Further examination includes the procedure of amniocentesis.

By amniocentesis amniotic fluid sample is taken and examined it for the presence of abnormalities in the baby. Again, 100% guarantee the absence or presence of deviations you nobody will. Although the procedure is carried out very quickly, almost painlessly, under ultrasound guidance, about 1-2% of cases, there is a risk of miscarriage or premature birth. Therefore, before agreeing to such a study should think carefully about what you are actually doing, if chance variations in child development still show up? If you are not ready to give birth to the child, the answer is obvious. And if you, on the contrary, are not going to have an abortion, then why be at risk of a miscarriage?

Prevention of influenza in pregnancy

Pregnant women are often weakened immune system, so the likelihood of contracting increased compared to non-pregnant state. To avoid this, doctors recommend to the predicted epidemic to be vaccinated against influenza. Modern vaccines contain inactivated (killed) influenza virus, so it is believed that it is safe for the baby.

However, if term of your pregnancy is less than 14 weeks, the flu shot should not. In addition, no flu shot does not guarantee that you will not get sick with the disease. Still remains though a small but unpleasant opportunity to move flu, often obliterated.

Therefore, improving the immune system will not be superfluous. And this hardening, and a healthy lifestyle and good nutrition, and physical activity. In addition, many doctors recommend that before going to public places to lubricate the nasal mucosa or oxolinic ointment or salve with viferonom, and in the evening before going to bed to rinse your mouth or calendula tincture of eucalyptus, to wash away accumulated over the day of the "harmful" bacteria. Chances are, if pregnancy uncomplicated, you feel good, the ultrasound did not reveal any abnormalities in the development of the baby and all your tests are normal, then you can be rest assured about herself and the unborn child.

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