War was the next four years and by 1954, after the defeat of the French at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the situation has become virtually hopeless. U.S. had already paid more than 80% of the costs of this war. Vice President Richard Nixon recommended to use tactical nuclear bombing charges. But in July 1954, was signed the Geneva Accord, according to which the territory was divided Vietnam temporarily at the 17th parallel (where there was a demilitarized zone) on North Vietnam (under the control of the Vietminh) and South Vietnam (under the authority of the French, who almost immediately granted her independence) .
In 1960 in the United States in the fight for the whitewashed house attended John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon. At this time, the struggle against Communism was listed as a good tone, and therefore wins the bidder who programm to combat the «red menace» was decisively. After the adoption of communism in China, the U.S. government was considering any action in Vietnam as part of communist expansion. It was impossible to avoid, and because after the Geneva Accords U.S. decided at one hundred percent change France in Vietnam. Powered Yankees Prime Minister of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem appointed himself the first president of the Republic of Vietnam. His reign was a despotism in one of the worst forms. At the municipal offices were appointed only relatives that people could not tolerate more than the president himself. Those who opposed the regime, were hidden in bullpen, freedom of speech is prohibited. Hardly it was like America, but that just did not close your eyes for a single ally in Vietnam.
As one South American diplomat said: «Ngo Dinh Diem, certainly, a scion of a bitch but he’s our offspring bitch!»
The emergence of the terrain of South Vietnam underground resistance groups, not even supported by the North, was only a matter of time. But the United States throughout beheld only the machinations of the Communists. Impending crackdown led only to the fact that in December 1960, the South Vietnamese all underground groups merged into the State Liberation Front of South Vietnam, named the West Vietcong. Now and North Vietnam began to support the guerrillas. In response, the U.S. has increased military aid to Diem. In December 1961, the country came first permanent units of the armed forces of the United States — two helicopter companies, designed to improve the mobility of the government troops. South American advisors training the South Vietnamese soldier engaged and planning military operations. Administration of John F. Kennedy wanted to show their determination to Khrushchev in winding up «communist contagion» and readiness to defend its own allies. The conflict grew and soon became one of the «hottest» hotbeds of war cool 2-powers. For the U.S., the loss of South Vietnam led to a loss of Laos, Thailand and Cambodia, which created the danger of Australia. When it became clear that Diem is not able to fight well with the guerrillas, the South American intelligence agencies hands of South Vietnamese generals, organized a coup. November 2, 1963 Ngo Dinh Diem, along with his brother was killed. In over the next 2 years as a result of a power struggle every few months there is another coup that allowed the guerrillas to expand the occupied areas. At this time, was killed by U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and many fans of «conspiracy theory» behold the in his desire to end the war in Vietnam through peaceful means that someone did not like it. This version is plausible in light of the fact that the first document signed by Lyndon Johnson as the new president was to send more troops to Vietnam. Although the presidential election the other day he was nominated as a «peace candidate» that impacted on his landslide victory. The number of U.S. soldier in South Vietnam has grown from 760 in 1959 to 23300 in 1964.
August 2, 1964 in the Gulf of Tonkin, two American destroyers, Maddox and Turner Joy, were attacked by North Vietnamese forces. A few days later, in the midst of the confusion in the command of «Yankee», the destroyer Maddox said repeated shelling. And although the crew soon denied, said intelligence interception of messages in which the North Vietnamese were recognized in the attack. The U.S. Congress voted 466 votes «for» and not the 1st «against», took Tonkin resolution that gave the president the right to respond to this attack though by what means. This marked the beginning of the war. Lyndon Johnson ordered the air strikes on naval targets in North Vietnam (Operation «Pierce Arrow»). That surprisingly, the decision to invade the U.S. in Vietnam was taken only civilian control: Congress, the President, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara and Secretary of State Dean Rusk. The Pentagon responded with interest to the decision «to settle the conflict» in Southeast Asia.
Colin Powell, the last in those years the young officer, stated: «Our military is afraid to declare a civilian management that such a way of war leads to a guaranteed defeat.»
South American analyst Michael Desch wrote: «Unconditional obedience military to civilian authorities is, in 1-x, to the loss of their authority, and in-2, unleashes official Washington for subsequent, similar Vietnamese, adventures.»
It is not so long ago in the United States was published statement-independent researcher Matthew Ada, specializing in the history of the State Security Agency (U.S. intelligence electronic intelligence and counterintelligence) that the main intelligence about the Gulf of Tonkin incident in 1964, served as a prerequisite for the U.S. invasion of Vietnam was rigged. Became a full-time basis report NSA historian Robert Heynoka compiled in 2001 and declassified by the Law on Freedom of disk imaging (passed by Congress in 1966). Of the report that NSA officers admitted unintentional mistake in translation disk imaging, acquired as a result of radio intercepts. Senior officers, effectively immediately disclose the error, they decided to hide it, modifying all the necessary documents so that they pointed attack on the validity of the Yankees. Senior bureaucrats once referred to these incorrect data in their own performances.
Robert McNamara, said: «I think it wrong to think that Johnson wanted war. But we felt that we should have confirmation that North Vietnam is to exacerbate the conflict. «
And this is not the last NSA controlled falsifying intelligence. The basis of the war in Iraq, went to unconfirmed information «uranium dossier». But many historians believe that not even be in the Gulf of Tonkin incident, the U.S. still would find reason to start military action. Lyndon Johnson believed that America must defend his honor, our country to impose a new round of the arms race and civilization unite to distract people from their own internal problems.
When in 1969 the United States passed a new presidential election, Richard Nixon said that the foreign policy of the United States has changed dramatically. U.S. will no longer qualify for the role of supervisor and try to solve problems in all corners of the planet. He told about a secret plan to end fights in Vietnam. It was perfectly made South American society, sluggish from the war, and Nixon defeated in the elections. But in fact, hidden plan was massive use of air and naval forces. Only for the 1970 South American bombers took off more bombs on Vietnam than in the last 5 years taken together.
And here we should mention one more interested in the war side — the U.S. company, manufactures weapons and ammunition. During the Vietnam War was bombed more than 14 million tons of explosives that a couple of times more than during the second World War in all theaters of war. Bombs, including vysokotonnazhnye and now illegal, fragment, equated with the ground entire villages, and the fire burned out of napalm and phosphorus hectares of forest. Dioxin, which is the most toxic substance ever made by man, was sprayed over Vietnam territory of more than 400 kg. Chemists believe that 80 grams added to the water supply system of New York, is quite enough in order to reincarnate it into a dead city. This gun for 40 years continues to kill, acting on the current generation of Vietnamese. Profit amounted to U.S. military contractors, many billions of dollars. And they were not at all interested in the victory of the U.S. Army frisky. It is not the case as the most advanced government in the world, using new technologies, huge masses of fighter, winning all of his fights, you still could not win the war.
The presidential candidate of the Republican Party Ron Paul said subsequent: «We are going to fascism is not Hitler type, and to more Myagenkaya — expressed in a loss of civilian liberties when all run by the company and the government is lying in bed with a huge business.»
In 1967, the International Court of investigating war crimes held two meetings which were heard evidence about the conduct of the Vietnam War. From their verdict that the United States bears full responsibility for the use of force and the sin against the peace, violating statutory provisions of international law.
«Before huts — recalls the last U.S. soldier — standing or squatting were sitting in the dust at the threshold of the elderly. Their life was such a normal, all of it took place in the village and surrounding fields. What do they think about strangers invading their village? How do they recognize the continued movement of helicopters, their recessed blue sky; tanks and half-tracks vehicles, armed patrols, paddling through the rice fields where they cultivate the land? «.