It would seem that what is necessary to contrive a severe diplomatic dispute over a few rocky patches of land that are lost in the open sea. Is it about the Diaoyu Islands (Senkaku), which are now the objects of acute political conflict between Japan and China.
The dispute over the islands, perhaps, Beijing and Tokyo contrive not even started, if not the same waters that the islands or faster islands adjacent. Only here the sea is rich in fish and other seafood, and mineral resources — hydrocarbons. And if the abundance of seafood in local and long known the depths fished, in principle, all and sundry (and residents of the country of the rising sun, the Chinese and Taiwanese fishermen), here is the presence here of huge volumes of minerals found relatively recently — in the seventies.
So the problem here is the richest natural supplies around the islands in the near future become an occasion not only for diplomacy picks, and to open a show of military force with which China and Japan want to solve the territorial issue.
If we talk about the history of the Senkaku (Diaoyu or Diaoyutai), the title of which is translated into Russian as «the island of fishermen» («fishing island»), then in this respect there are two versions.
First version — the Chinese. If governed by it, it turns out that the Diaoyu Islands Chinese sailors still open in the second half of the XIV century, then these same sailors noted for their own maps, which led the Chinese consider the island. Official control conducted even from central China, and from Taipei. Such administrative affiliation persisted right up to the end of the XIX century, when Japan was not the beginning of the war against the Qing empire. The reason for the outbreak of the war was that the inhabitants of the country of the rising sun want to gain control over the Korean Peninsula, which at that time was ruled by the last Chinese imperial dynasty. The result of this military conflict was the defeat of China and the signing of the so-called contract of Shimonoseki, which practically translated in China cross between an independent state and a Japanese colony. Many Chinese historians refer to the contract signed in the town of Shimonoseki, real humiliation for the country, because China has been under contract to pay residents of the country of the rising sun multimillion indemnity (in silver), to give the Liaodong Peninsula, Peninsula Taiwan, which together with the same Diaoyu Islands, which in 1895, in principle, not enough attention to who directed the stern. And if after the intervention in the Sino-Japanese dispute of, French and German inhabitants of the country of the rising sun had some claims at the end of 1895 to abandon, the control over Taiwan and the Diaoyu Islands, which became the Senkaku by the Land of the Rising Sun preserved.
For exactly half a century these areas were considered for the State of the Rising Sun, until she suffered a crushing defeat in the second World War. After September 2, 1945 control of so-called Southern Territories Land of the Rising Sun, which also included the Senkaku established Americans. But in the 70 years accomplished a historic transfer of de facto control over Okinawa (southern provinces of the country of the rising sun) by the Yankees in the address Tokyo. Chinese officials and historians say that the transfer was illegal, since the results of Japan second world deprived of all the conquered «foreign» territories, and the United States to grant such gifts just do not have the right.
2nd Version — Japanese. Tokyo, in principle, does not dispute the fact that the Diaoyu open Chinese sailors, but argue that fundamentally milestone Senkaku history must be considered specifically in 1895, when the Land of the Rising Sun won the war in China, and therefore received the island in his possession. And the results of the second World War, Japan is not inclined to consider …
Realizing that it is now time to take the «bull», or rather the Senkaku Islands «by the horns» in Tokyo decided to use a very unique turn. It turns out that all the disputed islands soon were in private hands. Had them influential representatives in the Land of the Rising Sun family — Kurihara. What do these tiny rocky islands, which are located more than 400 kilometers from Okinawa, these same Kurihara not reported, but it is reported that the authorities have rented several islands Kurihara mini Senkaku archipelago cost about 314 thousand dollars a year for reference here fisheries. So here, to show the Chinese that the Senkaku now can only belong to the Land of the Rising Sun, the official Tokyo decided to pay a little more than the gentlemen Kurihara 26.2 million bucks and just buy those islands. Say, Beijing immediately cool if it turned out — now our island just as we are about to buy them.
However, such commercial move by Japanese authorities not cooled the ardor of the Chinese. Instead to (as the residents thought of the rising sun) to give up their claim to the Senkaku Beijing took, well, and sent to the islands practically acquired a couple of patrol ships of the Navy. Right now, they say, and see who the owner of the islands …
After the rise of the Chinese navy warships from Tokyo heard word that Beijing was violating international law and tries to encroach on the territorial integrity of the Land of the Rising Sun. But for a few days before the Chinese warships in the disputed waters strolling boats Japanese police and border guards, and that the Chinese have called an assault on the territorial integrity of China.
Apparently, word of Japanese and Chinese favorites, uttered during the APEC summit in Vladivostok that the problem of need to be addressed jointly, Hu Jintao, and Yoshihiko Noda themselves have forgotten immediately after returning home. Noteworthy that the head of the foreign ministers of Japan Koichiro Gemba said very non-diplomatic tone that Tokyo will not give Senkaku under any criteria.
Of course, the same rocky scraps of land lost in the sea, may be a prerequisite of further large-scale conflict has lately. If you consider that any of the parties is not going to give in, the conflict is likely to be reincarnated as a slow process with some manifestations of a certain kind of provocations and demonstrations of its own domination of the islands is the one, then the other side. Naturally, bring the matter to public clashes hardly anyone dares, and hence the problem will remain tense for a long time.
Not trying to take anyone’s in this issue (Japanese or Chinese) position, we can say the subsequent: here and found a cut diamond. Japan, which recognizes the results of the war in 1895, ended in a victory for her, weird way not recognize the results of the second World War, in which defeat denied her claim not only to the South, and on the Nordic area (Kuril Islands). A striking selectivity … China in this respect may be referred to in general by the state, which she often unsubstantiated territorial ambitions, you can make the world book of records. Who would be the stronger stone or braid — the question of the philosophical …