Combat training aircraft Yak-130: Russian hurricane

Russian combat training aircraft (UBS) in-depth training pilots of the Yak-130 in July 2012 he made his debut at the two major air show — Royal International Air Tattoo at RAF Fairford UK and at the air show in Farnborough in Hampshire. In the UK, demonstrated the Yak-130, tail number "01" (serial number 62-00-01) production NAZ "Sokol" in Nizhny Novgorod. The aircraft flew for the first time April 30, 2004, and w / o "01" is the oldest of four experienced Yak-130, which are in flying condition. Others are b / n "02" and "04", built on the NAZ "Sokol", and "134" — first released in Irkutsk. Yak-130 was piloted by test pilots Vasily Yakovlev Design Bureau Sevastiyanov and Andrei Voropayev.

International debut

The Yak-130 is shown at the aerospace show outside of Russia. In 1995 and 1997 the first Yak-130D exhibited at the Show in Le Bourget. Then, in 2002, the same aircraft was presented in Berlin at ILA and Ukraine ("Aviasvit"). The first production aircraft "01" was exhibited at Le Bourget in 2003 before his first flight. In 2005, b / n "02" was seen at the LIMA air show in Malaysia. However, all of these salons he exhibited on static display, and in the UK, he performed the first demonstration flights at international events.

In addition, the demonstrator aircraft Yak-130D was very different from today's Yak-130 — the program is actively developed in recent years. At previous salons plane exhibited only in prototype form. Now he is in service with Russian and Algerian Air Force, and the "Irkutsk Aviation Plant" is a big release party this type of aircraft. It was assumed that since the summer of 2012 aircraft will exhibit actively in global air shows in the promotion of sales of UBS.

"Biting" training aircraft

The Yak-130 is an advanced training aircraft. This midwing the wing with 31 ° sweep and all-moving stabilizer. It is installed wire control system (EDSU) KSU-130 with quadruple redundancy, which allows you to control the aircraft in accordance with the pre-programmed parameters. The aircraft is equipped with two turbojet engines designed by Ukrainian CB "Ivchenko Progress" AI-222-25 with a thrust of 24.51 kN each. On the ground and in the take-off and landing major air intakes overlap mobile plugs and the air supplied to the engine through the additional air intakes located at the top of the wing sag. It protects the engine running during the operation on unprepared airfields and avoids falling into objects that may damage them.

Yak-130 for the six pylons can carry up to 3000 kg of payload in addition to the wingtips are two holders for missiles "air-to-air" and is located under the fuselage pylon on which to hang the container with a gun. During his voyage to the United Kingdom plane fly off a dynamic program with impressive combat load, which included two large blocks 122 mm unguided rockets B-13, two missiles "air-air" P-73, two 590-liter small external fuel tank and two mounted on the wingtips ejection device clutter HC-26M 64-26-mm rounds each.

Selection of payload shows the intention of Yakovlev Design Bureau and the company "Irkut" promote the Yak-130 on the market not only as a training aircraft, but also as a light attack aircraft. The head of the engineering center "Irkut" Konstantin Popovich at the Farnborough Airshow announced further plans to expand the combat load the aircraft. To date, the Yak-130 can be used short-range missiles R-73, ASD with TV-guided KAB-500Kr, unguided weapons, including missiles and bombs, and gun hanging container NSPU-130. After installation, the laser range finder, which should be carried out in a short time, increase the accuracy of weapons.

Yak-130 lost a recent bid to the promising Russian Air Force strike aircraft. According to a source in the Russian aviation industry, "claims in the first place on the reservation and defense systems proved to be too high for the light aircraft class." Project won the tender deep modernized Su-25 weighing 19.5 tons, which is almost two times higher than that of the Yak-130.

However, "Irkut" continues to work on a single combat aircraft modification, relying on export customers, as well as the fact that the Russian Air Force will also buy light attack aircraft. Single modification of the Yak-130 index gained Yak-133, were previously known to double the Yak-131 and Yak-135 supersonic. The first prototype of the Yak-133 will be built in 2014

Changes in the glider will be minor, rear pilot's seat will be replaced by an additional fuel tank and other accessories. The engines will be increased capacity — up to 27.45 kN each, compared with today's thrust 24.51 kN.

On the shock modification will also be installed radar and electro-optical sighting system. According to Konstantin Popovich, is seen as a variant of radar and radar in a hanging container. Proposals were received from three Russian companies, "Fazotron-NIIR Corporation", "NIIP them. Tikhomirov "and the Holding Company" Leninist ".

FC-130 radar development "Phazotron" (the index will remain unchanged despite the modification) can be millimeter to locate ground targets, multi-function radar 30mm range with a slot antenna or radar 30-mm range with AFAR. The last option is the most advanced and most expensive: AESA radar can cost approximately 10% of the total cost of the aircraft, twice the cost of other systems.

Suspended optical-electronic container for the Yak-130 is developed on the basis of NPK SPP modifications created for the Indian MiG-29K.

These new sensors will allow the shock modification Yak-130 apply protivoradilokatsionnuyu / anti-ship missile Kh-31 and the new Russian missile Kh-38 with various guidance, as well as guided bombs. Weapons of "air-to-air" will include medium-range missiles R-77m. As stressed by Popovic, stability and control Yak-130 can be used like weapons.



Development

First flight of the demonstrator Yak-130D was made April 25, 1996 under the control of a test pilot Andrew Sinitsyna. Initially it was a purely Russian project, but cooperation Yakovlev Design Bureau with Italy's Aermacchi has led to a radical change in the project. The Italians wanted to increase the speed of the aircraft, reduce its size, to equip its digital EDSU "glass cockpit." In December 1999, this cooperation has ceased, but Aermacchi has continued to work on a project with the aim of producing its own aircraft M346 Master.

In March 2002, the Yak-130 was chosen as the new trainer aircraft for the Russian Air Force, resulting in a custom three prototypes of the Russian Ministry of Defense, which should have been released on the NAZ "Sokol". The first plane w / o "01" rocketed 30 April 2004 under the Roman Taskaeva, a year rose in the air b / n "02", and in 2006 — w / o "03". Since the third prototype crashed in July 2006, in July 2008, he was replaced by another aircraft experienced w / o "04&quot
;.

In May 2005, the Russian Air Force ordered 12 Yak-130 serial. The first four aircraft ("90" — "93") were delivered to the Center for retraining in Lipetsk combat training in the period between February and April 2010 remaining eight aircraft (w / o "21" — "28") were sent to Sts Aviation Training Center, which is subject to the Krasnodar branch of the Military Training and Research Center and the Air Force is preparing future pilots and ground attack bomber. As prototypes, the first 12 production aircraft were assembled at the NAZ "Sokol". Aircraft construction of this plant got the name of the Yak-130.01.

In 2004 SPC "Irkut" acquired Yakovlev Design Bureau and since then the Yak-130 has become "his" plane. Corporation decided to move production aircraft on the Irkutsk Aviation Plant. According to management, "Irkut", "on the IAP are more modern machines, and production on it Yak-130 costs about half the price." The first Yak-130 production Irkutsk b / n "134" flew on 21 August 2009 and is now in the possession of Yakovlev Design Bureau for testing.

Russian plans

Training military pilots in Russia lasts five years. Initial training on the light "sport" aircraft is desirable, but not required. Flight training does not begin his third year and is a jet trainer Aero Vodochody L-39C Albatros. A year later, the pilot determined specialization: will it bomber pilot, attack aircraft, fighter aircraft or transport aircraft. In the fourth year being further training at the L-39C, and in the course of the last year of training is conducted in-depth and combat training in the double version of the MiG-29 and Su-27, Su-25, or transport aircraft An-26.

The Yak-130 is currently being integrated into the most active part of the training, training options for replacing the warplanes. Then the new Yak-130 will be used for basic training, replacing the L-39C, which explains the large number of cars ordered by the Russian Air Force. In December 2011, the Russian Ministry of Defense has ordered 55 (and 10 for the option) Yak-130 with the timing of deliveries until 2015, and the LG-2020 provides for the purchase of 240 Yak-130 2020 By the beginning of the new decade, the Russian Air Force will have more than 300 Yak-130.

The Air Force also plans to create a group of aerobatic Yak-130. Corporation "Irkut" offers to transfer to it the first production aircraft, released NAZe, removing them all unnecessary equipment.

Software upgrades

Like many other aircraft, the beginning of the practical operation of the Yak-130 was not without difficulties. One of the four prototypes (w / o "03") and one of the first pre-production aircraft (w / o "93") broken. In both cases, the cause of the accident was associated with EDSU. As a result, the software has been radically changed, in fact re-written from scratch. In the second half of 2011 aircraft "04" and "132" with the new software were carried out dozens of flights, leaving the previously imposed restrictions on the permitted angle of attack, asymmetric suspension arms and the use of guns against air targets were dropped.

Introduced additional modes in the flight control system, including the ability to reprogram the controllability of the aircraft. The control system can now be switched to one of three modes, allowing the Yak-130 mimic the basic characteristics of the maneuvering of the lung (MiG-29) or a heavy fighter (Su-27).

Russian combat training aircraft (UBS) in-depth training pilots of the Yak-130 in July 2012 he made his debut at the two major air show — Royal International Air Tattoo at RAF Fairford UK and at the air show in Farnborough in Hampshire. In the UK, demonstrated the Yak-130, tail number "01" (serial number 62-00-01) production NAZ "Sokol" in Nizhny Novgorod. The aircraft flew for the first time April 30, 2004, and w / o "01" is the oldest of four experienced Yak-130, which are in flying condition. Others are b / n "02" and "04", built on the NAZ "Sokol", and "134" — first released in Irkutsk. Yak-130 was piloted by test pilots Vasily Yakovlev Design Bureau Sevastiyanov and Andrei Voropayev.

International debut

The Yak-130 is shown at the aerospace show outside of Russia. In 1995 and 1997 the first Yak-130D exhibited at the Show in Le Bourget. Then, in 2002, the same aircraft was presented in Berlin at ILA and Ukraine ("Aviasvit"). The first production aircraft "01" was exhibited at Le Bourget in 2003 before his first flight. In 2005, b / n "02" was seen at the LIMA air show in Malaysia. However, all of these salons he exhibited on static display, and in the UK, he performed the first demonstration flights at international events.

In addition, the demonstrator aircraft Yak-130D was very different from today's Yak-130 — the program is actively developed in recent years. At previous salons plane exhibited only in prototype form. Now he is in service with Russian and Algerian Air Force, and the "Irkutsk Aviation Plant" is a big release party this type of aircraft. It was assumed that since the summer of 2012 aircraft will exhibit actively in global air shows in the promotion of sales of UBS.

"Biting" training aircraft

The Yak-130 is an advanced training aircraft. This midwing the wing with 31 ° sweep and all-moving stabilizer. It is installed wire control system (EDSU) KSU-130 with quadruple redundancy, which allows you to control the aircraft in accordance with the pre-programmed parameters. The aircraft is equipped with two turbojet engines designed by Ukrainian CB "Ivchenko Progress" AI-222-25 with a thrust of 24.51 kN each. On the ground and in the take-off and landing major air intakes overlap mobile plugs and the air supplied to the engine through the additional air intakes located at the top of the wing sag. It protects the engine running during the operation on unprepared airfields and avoids falling into objects that may damage them.

Yak-130 for the six pylons can carry up to 3000 kg of payload in addition to the wingtips are two holders for missiles "air-to-air" and is located under the fuselage pylon on which to hang the container with a gun. During his voyage to the United Kingdom plane fly off a dynamic program with impressive combat load, which included two large blocks 122 mm unguided rockets B-13, two missiles "air-air" P-73, two 590-liter small external fuel tank and two mounted on the wingtips ejection device clutter HC-26M 64-26-mm rounds each.

Selection of payload shows the intention of Yakovlev Design Bureau and the company "Irkut" promote the Yak-130 on the market not only as a training aircraft, but also as a light attack aircraft. The head of the engineering center "Irkut" Konstantin Popovich at the Farnborough Airshow announced further plans to expand the combat load the aircraft. To date, the Yak-130 can be used short-range missiles R-73, ASD with TV-guided KAB-500Kr, unguided weapons, including missiles and bombs, and gun hanging container NSPU-130. After installation, the laser range finder, which should be carried out in a short time, increase the accuracy of weapons.

Yak-130 lost a recent bid to the promising Russian Air Force strike aircraft. According to a source in the Russian aviation industry, "claims in the first place on the reservation and defense systems proved to be too high for the light aircraft class." Project won the tender deep modernized Su-25 weighing 19.5 tons, which is almost two times higher than that of the Yak-130.

However, "Irkut" continues to work on a single combat aircraft modification, relying on export customers, as well as the fact that the Russian Air Force will also buy light attack aircraft. Single modification of the Yak-130 index gained Yak-133, were previously known to double the Yak-131 and Yak-135 supersonic. The first prototype of the Yak-133 will be built in 2014

Changes in the glider will be minor, rear pilot's seat will be replaced by an additional fuel tank and other accessories. The engines will be increased capacity — up to 27.45 kN each, compared with today's thrust 24.51 kN.

On the shock modification will also be installed radar and electro-optical sighting system. According to Konstantin Popovich, is seen as a variant of radar and radar in a hanging container. Proposals were received from three Russian companies, "Fazotron-NIIR Corporation", "NIIP them. Tikhomirov "and the Holding Company" Leninist ".

FC-130 radar development "Phazotron" (the index will remain unchanged despite the modification) can be millimeter to locate ground targets, multi-function radar 30mm range with a slot antenna or radar 30-mm range with AFAR. The last option is the most advanced and most expensive: AESA radar can cost approximately 10% of the total cost of the aircraft, twice the cost of other systems.

Suspended optical-electronic container for the Yak-130 is developed on the basis of NPK SPP modifications created for the Indian MiG-29K.

These new sensors will allow the shock modification Yak-130 apply protivoradilokatsionnuyu / anti-ship missile Kh-31 and the new Russian missile Kh-38 with various guidance, as well as guided bombs. Weapons of "air-to-air" will include medium-range missiles R-77m. As stressed by Popovic, stability and control Yak-130 can be used like weapons.



Development

First flight of the demonstrator Yak-130D was made April 25, 1996 under the control of a test pilot Andrew Sinitsyna. Initially it was a purely Russian project, but cooperation Yakovlev Design Bureau with Italy's Aermacchi has led to a radical change in the project. The Italians wanted to increase the speed of the aircraft, reduce its size, to equip its digital EDSU "glass cockpit." In December 1999, this cooperation has ceased, but Aermacchi has continued to work on a project with the aim of producing its own aircraft M346 Master.

In March 2002, the Yak-130 was chosen as the new trainer aircraft for the Russian Air Force, resulting in a custom three prototypes of the Russian Ministry of Defense, which should have been released on the NAZ "Sokol". The first plane w / o "01" rocketed 30 April 2004 under the Roman Taskaeva, a year rose in the air b / n "02", and in 2006 — w / o "03". Since the third prototype crashed in July 2006, in July 2008, he was replaced by another aircraft experienced w / o "04&quot
;.

In May 2005, the Russian Air Force ordered 12 Yak-130 serial. The first four aircraft ("90" — "93") were delivered to the Center for retraining in Lipetsk combat training in the period between February and April 2010 remaining eight aircraft (w / o "21" — "28") were sent to Sts Aviation Training Center, which is subject to the Krasnodar branch of the Military Training and Research Center and the Air Force is preparing future pilots and ground attack bomber. As prototypes, the first 12 production aircraft were assembled at the NAZ "Sokol". Aircraft construction of this plant got the name of the Yak-130.01.

In 2004 SPC "Irkut" acquired Yakovlev Design Bureau and since then the Yak-130 has become "his" plane. Corporation decided to move production aircraft on the Irkutsk Aviation Plant. According to management, "Irkut", "on the IAP are more modern machines, and production on it Yak-130 costs about half the price." The first Yak-130 production Irkutsk b / n "134" flew on 21 August 2009 and is now in the possession of Yakovlev Design Bureau for testing.

Russian plans

Training military pilots in Russia lasts five years. Initial training on the light "sport" aircraft is desirable, but not required. Flight training does not begin his third year and is a jet trainer Aero Vodochody L-39C Albatros. A year later, the pilot determined specialization: will it bomber pilot, attack aircraft, fighter aircraft or transport aircraft. In the fourth year being further training at the L-39C, and in the course of the last year of training is conducted in-depth and combat training in the double version of the MiG-29 and Su-27, Su-25, or transport aircraft An-26.

The Yak-130 is currently being integrated into the most active part of the training, training options for replacing the warplanes. Then the new Yak-130 will be used for basic training, replacing the L-39C, which explains the large number of cars ordered by the Russian Air Force. In December 2011, the Russian Ministry of Defense has ordered 55 (and 10 for the option) Yak-130 with the timing of deliveries until 2015, and the LG-2020 provides for the purchase of 240 Yak-130 2020 By the beginning of the new decade, the Russian Air Force will have more than 300 Yak-130.

The Air Force also plans to create a group of aerobatic Yak-130. Corporation "Irkut" offers to transfer to it the first production aircraft, released NAZe, removing them all unnecessary equipment.

Software upgrades

Like many other aircraft, the beginning of the practical operation of the Yak-130 was not without difficulties. One of the four prototypes (w / o "03") and one of the first pre-production aircraft (w / o "93") broken. In both cases, the cause of the accident was associated with EDSU. As a result, the software has been radically changed, in fact re-written from scratch. In the second half of 2011 aircraft "04" and "132" with the new software were carried out dozens of flights, leaving the previously imposed restrictions on the permitted angle of attack, asymmetric suspension arms and the use of guns against air targets were dropped.

Introduced additional modes in the flight control system, including the ability to reprogram the controllability of the aircraft. The control system can now be switched to one of three modes, allowing the Yak-130 mimic the basic characteristics of the maneuvering of the lung (MiG-29) or a heavy fighter (Su-27).

Domestic and export orders

The first export contract on the Yak-130 has been signed with Algeria, who in March 2006 ordered 16 aircraft. November 28, 2011 aboard a military transport aircraft An-124 were delivered from Irkutsk to Algeria. Over the next few weeks they were followed by the remaining 13 TCB.

Protracted test aircraft caused major delays in the implementation of contracts for Russia, and for Algeria. Only at the end of 2011 was able to solve all the most important questions and the production line in Irkutsk began producing aircraft in the regular pace.

After delivery of the first batch of aircraft in Russia and Algeria signed several major contracts. The first of these involved the delivery of 55 aircraft the Russian Air Force, for it has already been mentioned above. And in December 2011, 36 aircraft were ordered by Syria. Negotiations with that country were a few years. May 20, 2008 Syrian pilots performed familiarization flights on the Yak-130 in Zhukovsky. Russian officials are reluctant to talk about the Syrian contract because of the current political situation around the Middle Eastern country.

In January 2010, Libya has ordered six aircraft (with an option for a further six). But the contract was suspended due to the overthrow of the Gaddafi regime. It remains unclear, will show whether the new Libyan authorities have an interest in purchasing the aircraft.

Meanwhile, the "Irkut" is in preliminary talks to sell the Yak-130 with a dozen countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. In 2011, the individual impressions were made for Vietnamese and Iraqi delegations, as well as in the post-Soviet republics, at a very advanced stage negotiations with Kazakhstan and Belarus (in December 2012 a contract with the last of four aircraft was signed — A.2). It is also possible a new order from Algeria, as in the first contract provided for a very large option.

Nowadays, the production line allows production of 30 Yak-130 a year. The management of "Irkut" confirmed that the implementation of existing and potential contracts require additional manufacturing site.

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