Russia’s participation in international projects for nuclear power plants

"Atomstroyexport" (JSC ASE) — Leading Engineering Company of the State Corporation "Rosatom" on the construction of nuclear power plants abroad.

"Atomstroyexport" is based on half a century of experience in the Russian nuclear industry, modern management and innovative technology that enables the company to implement an equally ambitious and unique projects entrusted to it in the framework of bilateral intergovernmental agreements, and as a result won the open international tenders. At present, "ASE" — the only company in the world that builds directly 5 nuclear reactors abroad ("Bushehr" — 1 "Kudankulam" — 2 "Belene" — 2), and holds a 20% global market share of NPP construction.

In the 1990s, foreign economic activity literally saved the Russian nuclear industry permanently from extinction. Time of economic disasters and lack of money, exacerbate post-Chernobyl syndrome in society, could actually put an end to the possibilities of further development of nuclear energy. New power units have actually been built, in danger of losing critical knowledge and experience of their facilities. In these difficult conditions, execution of foreign nuclear contracts was not only the life-giving source of funding for the industry, but also provided a load profile organizations — research, design, installation, equipment manufacturers — allowing them to at least a minimum level of performance and preserve the continuity of key competencies. Foreign contracts allow Russian scientists and designers to continue to develop their own (albeit in a minimum volume). So when Russia "stepped" in the nuclear renaissance, it turned out that was not necessary to begin with a "zero". Even on the power units, the construction of which began in the Soviet era and permanently "frozen" (ie, the BN-800 at Kola NPP) projects over the years have not stood still: they were adapted to the new requirements, prepared the groundwork for new technology development.

Completed projects:

Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant (China)

Tianwan NPP (TNPP) — the largest object of economic cooperation between China and Russia. An intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in the construction of the nuclear power plant in China was signed December 18, 1992.
In 1998, construction began on the site. The facility was commissioned in 2007. September 12, 2009 ended with a two-year warranty operation of Units 1 and 2 of the Tianwan nuclear power plant. April 15, 2010 were acts of final acceptance signed by 1? And 2? Units of Tianwan NPP.
The nominal capacity of each contract unit is 1060 MW. In unit includes reactor plant with a reactor VVER? 1000/428 and the turbine K? 1000? 60/3000 with the generator TVV? 100002Y3.
September 27, 2010, during the visit to China of President of the Russian Federation, Dmitry Medvedev, signed a contract to develop the project of the second phase of Tianwan NPP.

NPP "Kozloduy" (Bulgaria)

NPP "Kozloduy" — the current nuclear power plant in Bulgaria.
Agreement on cooperation in the construction of a nuclear power plant was signed in 1966.
Construction of NPP "Kozloduy" began April 6, 1970.
In 1974, the station began to produce electrical output of 220 MW.
In 1991? 2002 station has 6? Th power units of a total capacity of 3760 MW, which provided more than 45% of the required country's electricity.
In 2003 and 2006, Bulgaria as a country? Candidate member of the EU was forced to fulfill the terms of the EU and to close the first four blocks of nuclear power plants.
The remaining two blocks? "Thousand's" — 5? Th and 6? Th — successfully passed the upgrade in 2005? 2006, and currently meet the safety requirements of the EU.
To compensate for the derived power in Bulgaria is building nuclear power plant in Belene.
Generating capacity — 2000 MW.

NPP "Paks" (Hungary)

NPP "Paks" — the only nuclear power plant in Hungary, its first unit was commissioned in 1982. Operates 4 power of the Russian VVER? 440 total electrical capacity of 1,866 GW.
Currently, work is underway to extend the life of the Hungarian power plant and the possible construction of two more nuclear units "Paks" of 1000? 1,600 MW each.

"Temelin" NPP (Czech Republic)

"Temelin" NPP — one of two Czech nuclear power plants, both of which were built by the Soviet projects.
Agreement between the Government of the USSR and the Government of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic on cooperation in the construction of the first stage in Czechoslovakia nuclear plant "Temelin" was signed on 27 November 1981.
The station began commercial operation in 2002, after more than 20 years since the start of construction.
At present there are 2 power, electric power stations is 2,000 MW.

Plant "Dukovany" (Czech Republic)

Plant "Dukovany" — the first nuclear power plant in the Czech Republic.
Construction of the plant began in 1970 after the contract for the construction of nuclear power plants between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union. From 1985 to 1987, all four units were put into operation.
At the plant "Dukovany" has two operating VVER? 440 capacity 456 MW and two VVER? Capacity of 440 498 MW Russian design.
Since 2005, units 3, 1 and 4 were the modernization and speeding up the procedure (increase) power reactors issued.

Projects currently being worked on:

"Bushehr" NPP (Iran)

"Bushehr" NPP — the first nuclear power plant in Iran and throughout the Middle East. Construction of nuclear power plant south? East of the city of Bushehr was started in 1975 by the West German concern Kraftwerk Union, division of Siemens. In 1980, the government of Germany joined the U.S. sanctions imposed on Iran after the Islamic revolution of 1979, and construction was halted.
August 25, 1992 the Government of Russia and Iran signed an agreement on the continuation of the construction of the Bushehr plant.
In February 2009, construction of the first unit was completed and work began on the preparation of the reactor to start. February 25, 2009 held a successful test launch of the first reactor unit.
Physical start "Bushehr" NPP began August 21, 2010.
Physical start means the end of the test phase of all systems of nuclear power nuclear power plant.
In early December, "Atomstroyexport" reported that the download is complete nuclear fuel. After the delivery of fuel to the reactor begins preparation for power start — Top generate electricity.

NPP "Kudankulam" in India

The station is being built as part of the Interstate Agreement of 20 November 1988 and the Supplement thereto dated 21 iyunya1998 year. Customer — Nuclear Energy Corporation of India (Nuclear Power Corp of India Ltd., NPCIL).
In 2002, under the control of "ASE" the construction of the first two units.
During the first stage built two units with VVER £ 1000 a total capacity of 2,000 MW.
In March 2011, began the "hot test", which will last about a month. Signed a Memorandum of Understanding to enhance cooperation in the construction of new reactors at NPP "Kudankulam" and signed a contract for the implementation of priority of design work for the construction of 3? And 4? Units of NPP "Kudankulam". It is assumed construction in India at least 16 nuclear power units on the Russian design.

NPP "Haripur" in India

The planned plant in India.
In autumn 2009, India has allocated Russian site for construction of a new nuclear power plant in the village of Haripur in West Bengal in the east.
Nuclear power plants will be built by the Russian technology. The station should be installed six units with VVER reactors of 1000 MW each. Construction of the plant will begin after the completion of the NPP "Kudankulam".

NPP "Mokhovtse" (Slovakia)

"Atomstroyexport" together with Russian and Slovak companies involved in the completion of units 3 and 4 of NPP "Mokhovtse", the construction of which was started in 1987 and suspended in 1992, the planned implementation dates for new power units in operation — 2012 and 2013 , respectively.
The contract for the performance of work within the completion of the "nuclear island" was signed May 11, 2010 between JSC "Atomstroyexport" JSC and "Slovak Power." The contract provided for the execution of works, supply of equipment and services to implement on both units core monitoring systems, measurement systems and subsystems of the boron concentration measurement level in the reactor vessel and measuring the temperature at the core outlet.
Electrical output of each unit will be 405 MW (e). Timing of work in 2010? 2013.

"Belene" NPP in Bulgaria

The tender for the construction of NPP "Belene" was announced by Bulgaria in 2005, it won the Russian "ASE", which is to build a Russian-designed nuclear power plants, "Nuclear Power Plant, 92" with two VVER? 1000 / B? 466, with a capacity of more than 1 GW each.
January 18, 2008 during the visit of the President of the Russian Federation in Bulgaria leadership "Atomstroyexport" and the National Electric Company of the Republic of Bulgaria signed the Contract Agreement for the construction of NPP "Belene".
At the moment, between the National Power Company of Bulgaria and "Atomstroyexport" signed eleven amendments to the agreement in 2006 on the construction of NPP "Belene", the validity of the latest addition ends March 31, 2011
Expected to sign the twelfth additions to perform workload in the period from 2011 to 2014. When signing the contract documents necessary "ASE" is ready to have a 2011 move to the stage of active nuclear power plant construction. From the date of the first pouring of concrete for the construction of the first NPP "Belene" must go 59 months, the second unit will be put into operation after 12 months.

NPP "Akkuyu" (Turkey)

The agreement was signed May 12, 2010 during the visit of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to Turkey. The agreement identified areas of cooperation between the parties, including: the design and construction of nuclear power plants, infrastructure, operation of the plant; maintenance and modernization of nuclear power plants, the physical protection of nuclear power plants, the purchase and sale of electricity produced.
"Atomstroyexport" is one of the founders of the project company and the general contractor for the construction of NPP "Akkuyu."
The NPP "Akkuyu" includes four reactors of VVER type. The power of each unit of Turkish plant will be 1,200 MW. NPP "Akkuyu" will generate about 35 trillion. kWh / year.

Belarusian NPP

The agreement on the construction of nuclear power plant in Belarus was signed March 15, 2011.
In the Republic of Belarus will be built two units with total capacity of up to 2400 (2×1200) MW. Acting general contractor assigned to JSC "Atomstroyekspor." It is envisaged that the Belarusian nuclear power plant will be built under the full responsibility of the general contractor. For the construction of the first Belarusian nuclear power plant project is selected, "NPP? 2006" of "St. Petersburg" AEP ". To organize the station picked Ostrovetskaya site in the Grodno region.

Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant (Ukraine)

June 9, 2010 in Kiev, the Agreement between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on cooperation in the construction of reactors number 3 and 4 of the Khmelnytsky nuclear power plant. February 9, 2011 the National Nuclear Energy Generating Company of Ukraine "Energoatom" and ZAO "ASE" signed a contract agreement on the technical design of VVER reactor facilities? 1000 Project? 392 and the supply of equipment for power reactor facilities number 3 and 4 of the Khmelnytsky nuclear power plant.
The agreement is a framework and provides further sign a number of contracts, including for the development of the technical design of reactor plants for the manufacture, delivery, start? Commissioning, commissioning and equipment of supervision within the warranty period.

October 31, 2010 Russia and Vietnam signed an agreement to build the Vietnam disaster. Initially, Russia will build two power units in Vietnam with capacity of up to 1.2 gigawatts each.

Construction of Nuclear Power Plant No. 1 is scheduled to begin in 2014 in the southern Vietnamese province of Ninthua, and by 2020 the station should be put into operation.

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