ROL: wobbly bridges

"How to get across the bridge was also associated with the risk of their lives. Failing putrid decking, railing broke. B.Tanera Cech, who accompanied the embassy M.Chartaryskaga such adventures and realized in nache Baguslavavym Field (now Zhodino). At Bass River Bridge so began to swing crews under that brand would collapse, if not fighters backed his logs. Somewhere in Orsha embassy again braked by the river, which was only a small bridge and angry if it vzehav ladovny caravan, once the bridge began to break down with a bang immensely frightened stallions rushed into the water and almost led to the trolley. Haiduk ran to the village and Shavleva whips slaves were herded correct bridge. winter, when the river off skovvalasya ice over unfrozen wave lay down logs, which passed by crews. So embassy the same role in the Sand Taner crossed the Niemen. "
Valentin Gritskevich Adam Maldis. "Paths lead through Belarus."

Vyacheslav Rakytskyy: "So get over bridges foreigners in old Belarusian government and particularly so with the bridge began their familiarity with this country in 17 — 18 centuries. General, often referred to as a bridge between Belarus Europe and Asia, East and West. In recent years, one can hear that Blarus — a bridge between Erazvyazam and Russia. Some political analysts they say that Belarusians live on oil and gas bridge, and one economist, speaking on our radio, said that the Belarusians do not live on the bridge and under the bridge, and from them nothing depends because they can not take hold of this bridge. So why such a metaphor that has both political and economic, and cultural subtext? "

Oleg Trusov: "The fact that both municipalities appeared walking on our land and the standing army, the problem appeared immediately crossing of the army through the numerous rivers flowing through our area. Initially people were transported by boats or rafts, but the process was very leisurely and not cheap. Then they began to find fords — small spaces in river pools of summer where you can cross the river. Specifically, here and there were first-dozen temporary bridges when Wade overlapped beams on the pillars, scored in the bottom of the river. Gatti and boating were made also in the marshy place to the army and these obstacles could rapidly overcome. "
Rakytskyy: "By the way, in the passage from which we started the transfer, the bridge seems frail, shaky, rotten. Temporary bridge — a temporary life. But typical man thinking about eternity, forever to build, if not forever, and that will serve him for a long time and serve posterity. So when and where there are long walking bridges that have not been reviewed, not padgnivali and how long they were? "
Pant: "In times of stateliness Duchy of Lithuania already in XV — XVII centuries there were huge fixed bridges. More of them were known bridge over the Neman Grodno and Vitebsk Reddish Bridge. Grodno bridge was depicted on the famous engravings of the late 16th century. They were huge and sturdy construction on pile supports connected between a wood flooring. According to him immediately could move infantry and cavalry, vases and go carts with military equipment. From the town before the bridge was a military tower, which did not allow the enemy, which could in a moment seize the bridge, break in the city. "
Rakytskyy: "You dubbed Reddish bridge in Vitebsk. And I remembered Reddish bridge in Polotsk. Reddish called bridges and in other towns of Belarus. Were taken from such names? They carry within themselves a metaphor …"
Pant: "There were two options. For example, Polotsk bridge was so named because the river was almost reddish Chamber of blood during labor during the war of 1812. During this bridge Russians and the French fought almost six months. And from time to time called reddish bridges for their beauty. "
Rakytskyy: "I’m just interested in this title in connection with numerous wars. And these bridges were not only Belarusians themselves, and as conquerors. Turns out that these bridges were the aggressors. But in the European Middle Ages often bridges were built to protect."
Pant: "Yes. And at first it was a castle, drawbridges. Belarusian Many castles have drawbridges on the chains that have been transferred via land moat and approach of the enemy rapidly podymali. So, in times of Vytautas large drawbridge was at Leeds Castle, and Radziwill Orphan built a similar design to the Mir Castle. "
Rakytskyy: "I remember my childhood, which took place not far from Polotsk. Mtady people traveled from the deepest in Polotsk through Western Dvina across the pontoon bridge. When there pontoon bridges in Belarus, and that they are represented?"
Pant: "They came early enough in the 16th century they were, into a sublime Duchy of Lithuania made their military engineers and builders. They combined among themselves boats or even huge barrels, put them on top of wood flooring and later, after crossing the army swiftly dismantled. The oldest Belarusian pontoon bridge can see the well-known painting of the 16th century, where an unknown artist painted the Battle of Orsha in 1514. It perfectly shows a large pontoon bridge that Hetman Ostrog chipped languid gun with which triumphed over tremendous capital army. "
Rakytskyy: "Bridges — a very complex architectural and engineering construction. Way, and precious. So who built: Belarusians themselves, invited professionals from Europe?"
Pant: "It was so, and more. For example, when the Belarusian lands became part of the Russian Empire, then the Russian military invested heavily in the construction of bridges, because the bridge had great strategic importance. Bridges very well guarded. Suffice it to recall Napoleon’s only crossing the Berezina River in 1812, where exactly on the bridge was the final defeat in the war with Russia. When the middle of the 19th century there was a freeway, huge bridges were built in Gomel, Vitebsk and Mogilev. in 1884 in Vitebsk appeared first in Belarus bridge with metal arched designs. It is no coincidence that this bridge is shown in the first Belarusian cards from the late 19th century. "
Rakytskyy: "It is also very fascinating nuance because bridges was necessary to enter into the architecture of the town. Many bridges completed building ensembles, and many first world meeting of the proud beauty of their own bridges. If that’s so began to refer to the construction of bridges in Belarus?"
Pant: "In the era of Romanticism in the late 18th — early 19th century pachli do decorative bridges over ponds in landscape parks. Worth to recall here in Zalesye Oginskiai estate, where there were many decorative bridges. Minsk early 19 century there were many decorative bridges in parks. but generally new approaches to building bridges appeared in 1920 — 1930’s. Changed auto roads and bridges have changed. "
Rakytskyy: "What has changed fundamentally in bridge construction in the 20th century?"
Pant: "In 1-x, new materials system, before this piece of concrete. One of the first such bridge built across the river in Krychau Sog before the second world war. Bridge was unique for the time length of the lumen in the 40 meters. But During the war in Belarus huge bridges were destroyed. In 1950 Belarus has made its local cadres mostabudavnikov, and in 1957 became the bridge design experts at the Institute "Belgiprodor." In 1970 — 1980 bridge construction is flourishing. More Worthwhile bridges built in Bobruisk the Berezina in 1977 in Gomel by SOG in 1982. "
Rakytskyy: "What new bridges can be proud of Belarus now?"
Pant: "This city bridges in Mogilev, Vitebsk and P
olotsk. Longish One of the most unique and built bridges across the Dnieper in Mogilev. It was opened in 1997. But there are also negative aspects. So, at this point in Grodno wish to demolish an old bridge over the Neman , monument to industrial construction architecture. For preserving its entire public acts town. "
Rakytskyy: "In the past programs of" Belarusian Atlyantyda: Without Barriers "we had read to you, that the roads that pass through Belarus, Belarusians fought for freedom, and to captivity. And bridges? Where were they civilization?"
Pant: "Looking at who they belonged to. If Belarusians themselves, then to the well-being and freedom. If the occupiers, in captivity. And in one of the last issues of the newspaper" Belarusians and Market "we read that" a reliable bridge between Europe and the CIS countries willing build joint efforts of Belarus and Lithuania. "

Rakytskyy: "So where is currently live Belarusians: the bridge, on the bridge or under a bridge?"
Pant: "As someone. Only when the majority of the population learns dignity of Belarus as a transit state in the heart of Europe, will the democratic changes in politics and economics, Belarus bridge will be the hallmark of our country, not only in Europe and in the world. And then our mostabudavniki never be left without work. "

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