What’s great about Putin has done for Russia? (With statistics)

I regularly ask the same question. What good did Putin for Russia for the last 10 years? Every time you see this, I wonder what people have short memories. They have already managed to forget partially thoroughly nineties.

 Photo source:rublogers.ru

Remember the crisis of '98, when the dollar is less than a month has jumped from six to twenty rubles? Remember the faces of the people who at the time were large debts in dollars?

Purely for comparison, from January 2000 to the current date dollar exchange rate has changed to one ruble, from 28 to 29 rubles. If anyone in the nineties would promise that the ruble will stand almost in place for ten years — it would be stupid to not believe.

Remember bandits who raced his six hundredth an opposite at full speed, scattering of ordinary motorists? I'd like to see how my favorite vederochniki then tried to block the way for them. It is now possible to safely remove the bandits with flashing lights at the camera — at the same time for a similar camera work with the driver citizenship risked at least serious blows, and at best — a bullet in the head.

Remember the mood that we have had in the second half of the nineties? When everyone first thought that tomorrow will be worse than yesterday? When Putin's words seemed to double the GDP unfunny joke from the Soviet era — a bit of a promise to overtake America and wash your boots in the Indian Ocean?

Remember stores nineties? It is not Soviet, but still not Western — dirty, cramped, with intrusive security and squalid assortment? Remember the "shuttles" that lived through the backwardness of our trade? Remember the complete lack of consumer loans, credit cards, network of hypermarkets and other potreblyatelskoy infrastructure?

Remember an average salary of $ 100, which made a real luxury so common now things like new cars or holidays abroad?

And by the way, keep in mind the total lack in Russian factories producing cars on the background of super-cheap labor?

Remember the "business in Russian," which flourished in the nineties? Transshipment trade base in dirty basements, the ubiquitous gay 'brother in tracksuits, all black wages, issued exclusively in dollars, mandatory security even in small-scale entrepreneurs, rubbing around the exchangers' money-changers' …

Remember the black envy of the Europeans / Americans, who have a powerful computer was placed in a salary, and the Internet was ten times faster and ten times cheaper than ours?

Personally, I remember it all very well. So when I ask, in all seriousness, "what has changed in Russia for the better over the last 10 years," I feel funny. Much has changed and colleagues. Very much.

Modern Russia — this is a normal, European country, it is quite suitable for life. Of course, modern Russia still has a lot of problems — both proprietary and legacy of the Soviet Union, but … it's not the same impoverished Russia, in which the average pension was $ 20, which is hosted Mavrodi, the IMF, and in which senior officials rank wept powerlessness and humiliation at diplomatic receptions.

As sufficient to answer the question "what's good for Russia Putin has done?"

I know beforehand that I now write "dissidents." Say, Putin nothing to do with business, and it's high oil prices, the Soviet legacy and humanitarian assistance to the civilized West.

On this subject there is an old anecdote. "Every mother believes that beauty, intelligence and hard work of children inherited from her, and carelessness, rudeness and moodiness — from his father."

I will not even try to prove that in the past the positive changes in Russia is to blame Putin. I'd rather ask a couple of counter-questions.

And what Russia has done well for George W. Bush? What's good for Russia did Angela Merkel? What's good for Russia, Hu Jintao made?

Yes, I realize that none of these politicians do not have a direct impact on the situation in Russia … but Putin, sorry, not the governor of Gd on this sinful earth. Now he is — just a prime minister, and before that was just the president. So hang on Putin responsible for, say, a poverty-stricken life of hard drinking Vasily Pupkin — not quite fair.

Agreeing with the Kadyrov family about the amount of "subsidy" and thus stop the war in Chechnya? Yes, the president could do it and it was done. Breathe in the Russian desire to go on living and enjoying life? Sorry, this is a job for the media — work that irresponsible zhopogoliki editors failed completely.

To stop "terrorizing" business? Our tandem some steps in this direction was made. But what's the point they move on if, for example, the direct destruction of kiosks in Moscow and St. Petersburg, the electorate will not meet with angry demonstrations, and malevolent glee? If the same glee electorate meets expulsion Chichvarkina and Khodorkovsky's second term?

Stop the lawlessness migalochnikov? Sorry, this is a job for a civil society. Civil society needs to create an atmosphere of intolerance around migalochnikov — that even our tandem realized that overlapping of tuples directly reduce its rating.

And civil society represented vederochnikov gradually does the job … thanks to our Internet, which, thanks to the Kremlin still nepodtsenzuren. Despite constant attempts to Kaspersky, Malofeeva and other stakeholders to lobby for this censorship.

Now I have tried to present themselves on the Russian throne, and to estimate the — what I would do while I was in the shoes of Putin's last 10 years. For the purity of the experiment, I even suggested that I do not have any obligations to anyone other than their constituents.

And you know what occurred to me?

What my reforms, about which I wrote here in this post (link), would meet fierce resistance from the Russians. Unfortunately, eighteen years of capitalism strongly enough that the Soviet people had stopped dreaming about the harsh host with a whip in one hand and a bowl of pasta with nautically — in the other.

You can criticize Putin for the fact that our country still looks like a huge social security department in which an army of bureaucrats getting fat in their burrows, making out three-kopeck benefits. But what will happen with the rating policy, which will issue an order to disperse this tomorrow army of parasites at the root and begin to pay benefits only to those who really need them?

We are able to observe the experiment twice — during the monetization of benefits and the time of cancellation of scholarships. Both times are good, fit, favorable for the country as a whole and for each and every citizen of reform met fierce resistance.

Will, perhaps, even more bold statement. Corruption in our country there is not because of the nomenclature Loschenov birth who sit at all levels of the power vertical. The pyramid of corruption — it's just a consequence. Just a consequence of the Soviet terry ignorance that makes the electorate every fiber hate politicians offering reforms that could reduce corruption.

Summed up.

Contrary to the opinion of our pseudo-pseudo-liberals and the media, Putin — not the spiritual successor to Stalin. Conversely. Putin — more than a Democratic politician. Who is forced to regularly wear a jacket Stalin to our God-bearing people saw him as usual for a power.

As said, in his time a famous historical figure — "I do not have for you the other Jews."

Other achievements of

1. In 1992. Yeltsin regime abolished the export duty on oil products. January 23, 1999. Primakov government issued a decree re-introducing export duties on oil products. Duty linked the level of Revenue from oil operations to changes in prices on world markets. With the price of oil exports from 9.5 to 12.5 dollars per barrel fee charged 2.5 euros per ton in excess of $ 12.5 — 5 euros. It is not too burdened exporters, but immediately gave 14 billion budget is empty. In August 1999, Yeltsin appointed Putin prime minister and Putin's government in September increased the duty to 7.5 euros per ton, and December 8 — to 15 euros per ton. Later on duty only increased and now exporting deduct about half of the price of oil exports in the country's budget. Customs officers from January to November 2007 passed the federal budget 2.57 trillion rubles. Almost half of this is the Russian budget, which recently entered the extra trillion. In OSF yet added 130 billion rubles in October alone.

2. Improve the lives of a significant number of citizens.
Abruptly increased not only the budget revenue and increased incomes. This is reflected primarily in the construction of housing. Russia today is a solid construction, "In January-September 2007. commissioned 375.9 tys.kvartir a total area of 34.0 million square meters, accounting for 131.3% of the corresponding period of the previous year, while in January-September 2006. the growth rate of housing construction in January-September 2005. was 111.6%. "

In some areas the pace of construction increased more than twofold: Yaroslavl Region — 229%, Tula region — 219%, Murmansk region — 233.7%, the Republic of Adygea — 207%, Kirov region — 233%. Russian cement plants can not meet the demand and has to import cement from China. Increased incomes at first led to an increase in demand for housing and a corresponding increase in prices, the rise in prices of construction increased profitability. As a result, the construction of huge amounts of money are causing a construction boom. Increased incomes and increased demand for cars. During 2006 alone capacity car market grew by 45% to $ 32 billion Russian car market crossed the two-million mark — now Russia by sales of new cars ahead of Spain, ranking fifth in Europe after Germany, the UK, Italy and France. There is every reason to believe that the automobile market in the coming years will grow even stronger — built several new automobile, and old increase output. All this is a consequence of the increase in demand and thus income growth. This is a completely objective factor and it is a consequence of the economic policies pursued by Putin. And that would not say Putin's critics, the welfare of the people is the most important parameter for evaluating policy.

In 10 years as a whole, the budget for sots.raskhody increased by 30%. Pensions were below the poverty line by 25% and in the 90th they were not paid at all. Now the pension above the subsistence level by 50%, also will increase. The average salary in Russia by 2000. — 2223r. (80u.e.), is now sr.zarplata 19174r. (660u.e.). Income of the population to subsistence level rose 2p. The accumulated household goods for 10 years has grown to 10p. The number of cars has increased 2p.

3. Putin has nationalized Yukos without irritating the people of the Russian business — through bankruptcy auction. All under the existing laws adopted democratic parliament. Other means the president has no right to use. The formal reason for the arrest of Khodorkovsky's Yukos served as tax fraud. These machinations involved in almost all major private companies and therefore no one in that excuse does not believe. I do not believe I am. But Putin's private interests I do not believe too. Putin defended the state. And the proof of this is the transfer of assets of Yukos in a state company "Rosneft". I believe that the seizure would be the fairest method, but … there are laws. And Putin rightly adheres to them. He can not go beyond their powers. We used the bankruptcy law, providing for auction, and the only way to nationalization of Yukos assets — that is their ransom. To make the auction convincing and informal look at it were allowed a variety of companies, including foreign ones. However, almost all went to "Rosneft" — more than 20 billion dollars. The rest — only the crumbs from the table, and said the Poles got the biggest piece — much as 1.49 billion dollars. I would like to add that after Khodorkovsky planted tax collection increased by 80r.

4. In 2004. Putin finally abolished the law "Production Sharing Agreement" (260 acc.). The law was adopted by the Yeltsin regime to enrich the oligarchs (Khodorkovsky, Gusinsky, Berezovsky, etc.) and capture the Western (American and British) oil companies and corporations Russian oil fields. Under this law, Russian deposits of natural resources were in the international jurisdiction. That is a huge number of fields were outside the jurisdiction of the Russian and the money for the extraction (ROSSIYSKOY!) oil comes not in the budget, and went to the accounts of Western banks and oil companies. Money from oil production were primarily British company Shell on her personal expenses, as if something had, they gave Russia. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin spoke about this in 2006. "We still do not get anything, and if they would increase their costs, we have 10 years ahead will not receive anything." It was a standard law (colonial, for the countries of the third world) to developing countries under the PSA. Prior to Putin's Russian oil does not actually belong to the people.

Moreover, if Putin had not abolished this law, Russia would not have depended on the price of oil, and the money from the sale has not yet been received in the budget. Losses from foregone budget stood at 2/3. Russia led by Putin began to struggle with it in 2000. and officially won in 2004. After the liquidation of the agreement budget has increased in 3-4p. Given the gap between the PSA "Sakhalin-1" and "Sakhalin-2" Russia also has remained over 700 million Americans. $ Price had a very big one. Putin was ostracized from the Anglo-Saxon world, except in Germany and France, because Britain was a strategic line to ensure oil security at the expense of Russia, and in the 90th they were very active on this. Putin is the national leader of the revolution, because it went against the system created by the Americans (gos.vlasti systems, economics, management, security). There was a historic turning point of the country from the colonial to an independent state. How were these laws, you ask? About this in the next section.

5. Excluding the influence of the West on many political processes in Russia, unlike the 90s. In 1992 and 1995. Russian state apparatus created by foreign advisors. All Russian legislation in the 90th including tax, written by foreign grants. 10,000 foreign advisers working in the Russian ministerstvennyh departments, including all economic. Sponsor support Soros funded the establishment of school history textbooks in which the battle of Stalingrad mentioned on page 2, and a meeting on the Elbe in great detail stretched to 10 pages. Russian students were given notebooks with portraits of four American presidents of the USA on the last page. Unfortunately, the government, and to this day sitting opponents of a strong and growing Russian, but with time, I hope Putin will replace them with his management structure that he has been running for 10 years. From this it can be concluded that education reform is planned in the coming years, the need to transform the delivery system of knowledge students. Putin has already made it clear to all that this rush is not worth a need to get ready. Also made it clear that in this process it will follow very closely. Why Putin
can not dismiss all officials are not pleasing to him, you ask? This is the merit of our much-loved Western advisers, who once participated in the writing of the Constitution.

The Constitution of the Russian is written in such a way that the President can not fundamentally affect what is happening in the state. Omnipotent power is drawn. And therefore responsible for everything. This logic is used against Putin. His confer absolute power, and then shrug their asking — how could he allow? Homeless, impoverished pensioners for stations and prostitutes? Of course, if you understand the power as the totality of its various structures, the entire hierarchy, it can be blamed for all the troubles of Russia. Right up to the smell of urine in the elevators. After all, the chief housing department also represents power, and its ability to ensure the cleanliness of the hallways. It may be due to rent increases, but this is detail. Power as the weight of bureaucracy, may indeed much. But here's to Putin is not the case. It is just one of the many thousands of officials, has very limited powers.

These powers are somewhat larger than those of other officials, but they did not extend to the whole mechanism of power. Power is divided into spheres of influence of various officials, these spheres of influence intersect somewhere, but never the head of state can not declare that affects everything. He can not even fully determine the composition of the government, even though it is in the scope of its authority under the law. But his powers intersect here with the powers of other officers — deputies of the State Duma.

Explain why the president can not fully determine the state policy is also not easy, as the priest to explain the reason of the existence of evil. All depends on the existence of free will of people. Even if people are in the business hierarchy and to obey each other on duty. And in the military discipline is not originally the property of human relationships.

Order to satisfy the need to subordinate certainly perceived authority chief, understood the need to carry out an order and was aware of its responsibility for the failure. If the sum of these three conditions is met in the army almost always, it is very rare in the higher echelons of power. At the time, I was struck by the dismissal process Skuratova Yeltsin, who was then the Attorney General. The president fired him, issued a decree, and that comes into his office as a host. And sue the illegality of the decree! And he was right about that — the presidential decree is not enough, you need its approval by the Federation Council. And there he was, and was not approved. Yeltsin, says youth, "broken off."

All it means is that power in our country is divided between so many officials, branches of government. And to power conducted any uniform policy, we need to act in concert, these officials. But the act agreed upon our officials do not want. Just like all the people on Earth. Everyone has his own interests. Often the opposite.

6. The long-term budget surplus has led to a stabilization fund. Accumulated huge reserves and virtually eliminated all external debts.

7. Stability. The war in the Caucasus is over, the separatists destroyed. All a little-known militant leaders eliminated. Physically. Even killed Yandarbiyev in Qatar, not to mention all sorts of pro-Gelaev Basayev-Raduev. Putin promised to "soak in the toilet" and its promise. Of course, separatism is not completely strangled, no. Such conflicts are not solved quickly. But what we have now in the Caucasus — almost the best option. Separatism will die naturally if the Chechen elite feels force of Moscow and the benefits of cooperation with it. This is what happens. Efforts of Western intelligence agencies to feed the militants still lead to individual acts of terrorism, but it is the most that can be expected. War is no more.

8. For 10 years, Putin has increased the political influence of Russia in the world, has contributed to improve the image of Russia in the world political arena. Today, Russia is an independent and influential country that acts in its own interests, and not because it is beneficial to the west. Putin has become an authority in the West, and the world at large. He prevented the rate of destruction and the destruction of Russia, coming on the course of development and release of a decade of oppression and impoverishment of the Russian people during the Gorbachev and Yeltsin. And those who follow the news, the Western media, they see the obvious negative position west toward Putin recently compared him to the devil, and all because Putin has gone against this powerful western system, which tried to destroy Russia, depriving it of even its own natural resources.

9. For those who have an active interest in the political life of Russia, it became abundantly clear that the fight against corruption in the country has acquired global dimensions. All who watch the news every day, can not but agree with me that 1-2 times a week on television news show about the detention officer / ment or even what gos.sluzhaschego, followed by sentencing. Security agencies are in the process of large-scale changes both internally and externally. Changing the police to the police, will reduce the level of corruption in the organs themselves, at the expense of decent pay service. Assessment of this reform will be to give a few years later, when it will be seen how many dropped corruption component in the power department.

Rosstat, the Federal Migration Service, Ministry of Interior, the IMF, World Bank, and others.

1) The situation in the North Caucasus

When Putin was appointed prime minister in August 1999, Russia was facing a real danger of complete collapse strany.Uzhe upon independent Ichkeria attempted to deprive Russia still Dagestan. Raged a war … In Russia it resisted international army of 30 thousand choice men, heavily armed thugs who turned Chechnya into a criminal slave state in whose territory held and subjected to brutal torture (up to slow dismemberment and decapitation) tens of thousands of slaves and hostages . At the disposal of Ichkeria army at that time there were 25 tanks, 60 armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles, 5 plants "Grad", 20 pieces of artillery, 3 self-propelled artillery guns, 15 anti-aircraft guns, and 40 man-portable air defense systems, etc … On the limiting intensity of the situation at the time and said the results of surveys of the population, according to which about 60% of the Russians in August 1999, supported between different options of force against Ichkeria, but at the same time, the success of these actions believed only 17% of citizens of Russia, and Over 61% of success doubted.

The loss for the year 1999
During 1999, at the hands of terrorists in Russia killed about 1,500 representatives of Russian power structures, and more than 5,000 civilians. Russian security forces in 1999 destroyed some 4,000 fighters.

The situation in the North Caucasus today
Chechnya is perhaps the most serene republic in the Russian South. Although the fight against terrorists still going on, the intensity of this fight does not go to any comparison with what was happening in the North Caucasus, 10-11 years ago. Today, the total number of insurgents in the ENTIRE North Caucasus region is not more than 1500 people, which is at least 20 times lower than they were in 1999 alone Chechnya.

In 2010, at the hands of terrorists in the North Caucasus, killing 127 civilians and 289 members of law enforcement agencies. Russian security forces have killed about 350 militants and over 600 terrorists had been detained.

2) Population

In 1999 amounted to 146.3 million people. By 2011, the population of Russia d
ecreased by 3.0% to 141.9 million people. In comparison, during the same time, the population of Ukraine decreased by 7.4%, Latvia 5.3% (and over the past 20 years, 16%), Bulgaria 3.4%, German (c 2002) by almost 2% .

3) Average life expectancy

In 2000, on average, of the total population was 65 years. The men — 59 years, women 72.26 years. By 2011, the average life expectancy in the general population has increased by 3.5 years — up to 68.98 years of age and had nearly reached the highest in Russian history (69.19 years in 1990), and the men began to live for exactly 4 years longer than today Wed . male life expectancy is 63.03 (compared to that in 1990 this figure was 63.73 years), cf. the life expectancy of Russian women has increased by 2.5 years — up to 74.87 years of age and has already exceeded the highest figure in Russian history (74.3 in 1990)! For comparison, the average life expectancy in Ukraine in 2010 was 68.46 years, 68.19 years in Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, 67.01 years, 66.46 years in India, Zimbabwe 43.5 years, while the average in the world in 2009 was 66.12 years.

4) The death rate from accidental alcohol poisoning

In 2003, 45,045 cases were reported, and in 2010 3.13 times (!) Less — 14381 cases. Background: Since 1994 the death rate from alcohol poisoning in Russia decreased by 3.9 times!

5) The death rate from suicide

In 1999 there were 57,276 recorded cases of suicides (39 men. 100 inhabitants), and in 2010, 33,308 cases (23.5 people. 100 thousand inhabitants). That is, the death rate from suicide decreased by 1.65 times. For comparison, in the RSFSR mortality from suicide was even higher — in 1987 (more favorable was only in 1986), it was noted 35,700 cases of suicide (24.1 people. 100 thousand inhabitants). According to the level of mortality from suicide Russia today is about on par with Switzerland, Belgium, France, Austria, Croatia, Japan, and New Zealand.

6) The death rate from homicide

C 2002, when it was recorded the highest number of people killed — 44252 (30.2 cases per 100 thousand inhabitants), by 2010 the number of deaths decreased by 2.4 times — up to 18,660 cases (13.2 killed per 100 inhabitants) . By comparison, today the death rate from homicide even smaller than it was in 1990 (21,145 cases or 14.1 killed per 100 inhabitants). According to data for 2004-2006, at one place in the number of murders was Colombia 61.1 murders per 100 thousand inhabitants, on 4 — South Africa — 39.5, 12 — Brazil — 30.8, 30 — North Korea — 18 , 9, 68 — Kazakhstan — 11.3, 70 — Mexico — 11, 83 — Belarus — 7.53 87 — Estonia — 6.79 91 — Latvia — 6.47 92 — Ukraine — 6.35 95 — USA — 5.62 130 — United Kingdom — 2.6, and a 146 — Canada 1.86; 160 — Czech Republic — 1.33, at 179 — Germany — 0.88; on 195 — Luxembourg — 0.40, and the average statistics of the world — 9.61 homicides per 100 thousand inhabitants.

7) The death toll from road accidents

From 2003 to 2010, despite the huge increase in traffic, the number of road deaths fell to 1.79 times — from 35,602 deaths in 2003 to 19,881 deaths in 2010.

8) The infant mortality rate

In 2010 compared to 2000 decreased by more than half — 7.5 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2010 compared to 15.3 deaths in 2000. By comparison, the infant mortality rate in the U.S. is now equal to 6.26 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, in Lithuania — 8.5, in Latvia — 10.4, Bulgaria — 11.8; Ukraine — 12.8, in Mexico — 18.42, China — 23.0, in Brazil — 23.6, in Armenia — 28.9, in Egypt — 29.3 in Azerbaijan — 72.3; in Afghanistan — 157, and the global average is 44, 13.

9) The birth rate

In 2010 was born 1789.6 thousand (12.6 per 1,000 inhabitants), or 41% more than were born in 2000 (1266.8 thousand people, or 8.7 people. 1,000 people . population) For comparison, the birth rate in Germany is 8.2 babies per 1,000 residents in Japan — 8.0, in Bulgaria — 9.58, in Ukraine — 11.1, in France, Australia and Armenia is the same as we have — 12,4-12,6, in the United States — 13.8.

10) The mortality rate

In 2010, thousands of people have died in 2031 (14.3 per 1,000 inhabitants). It's almost 9% less than died in 2000 (2225.3 thousand persons or 15.3 deaths per 1000 inhabitants). And, if it were not for the two-month extreme heat of the summer of 2010, which killed ADDITION, according to some estimates, at least as many lives as claimed terrible (but less than THREE TIMES long) hot in 2003 in Western Europe (then died at 44 million people, more than usually die at this time in previous years), for the first time in many years, the death rate would have dropped to below 14 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants. For comparison, the mortality rate in South Africa is now equal to 17 deaths per 1000 inhabitants, the Ukraine — 15.5, Bulgaria and Estonia just like us — 14.3, in Latvia — 13.6, in Hungary and Monaco — 13; in Lithuania — 12.3, in Germany and the Czech Republic — 10.8. A minimum level of mortality was recorded in the rich Arab countries with a high proportion of young people: in Kuwait — 2.37, in the United Arab Emirates — 2.13.

11) The natural increase of population in 2010

For ten years the natural decrease of the population has decreased by four times and totaled 241.4 thousand people against 958.3 thousand in 2000. Again, if it were not for the additional number of deaths from the heat of summer, the natural population decline, we would have fallen to the lowest level since 1992 (when the natural loss was equal to 207 thousand people). If this trend continues, then the latest by 2014 born in our country will be more than the dead. Taking into account the receiving Russian citizenship to migrants for the past two years, the population of Russia are not reduced.

12) Emigration from Russia

In 1999 amounted to 214 thousand people, and in 2010 — about 40 million people (apparently, this year the number of emigrating to increase slightly) … In comparison, annual leave from the United States for permanent residence in the other country of 250 million people, and for example, the flow of emigration from Germany in 2008 exceeded 700 thousand people!

13) Russian GDP

Russia's GDP in 1999 was $ 177 billion, or $ 1,210 per capita. GDP at PPP (purchasing power parity) was equal to about $ 887 billion (or $ 6060 per capita). In 2010 compared with 1999, GDP increased by 8.34 times and was already $ 1.477 trillion (or $ 10,400 per capita). Russia's GDP in PPP terms (cf. data IMF, World Bank and the CIA) was around $ 2.22 trillion (6th place in the world — between Germany and the United Kingdom). Russia's GDP per capita at PPP in 2010 was $ 15,807, and for this indicator Russia nahodilas s 51 largest in the world (between Lithuania and Argentina). For comparison, a 60 place was Latvia — $ 14,300; 68 — Bulgaria — $ 12,052, 71 — Brazil — $ 11289, 93 China — $ 7518, 100 — Ukraine-$ 6665, with 103 place — Egypt — $ 6367, at 113 — Georgia — $ 5057, 127 — India — $ 3290; 181 on the spot — Zimbabwe — $ 395 (which is 40 times less than in Russia). Average GDP PPP per capita in the world was $ 10,725.

14) Foreign exchange reserves

At the end of February 2011, the Russian gold reserves were $ 487 billion (3rd place in the world), which is 38.6 times higher than in 1999 (when it was $ 12.6 billion). For comparison: in 5th place was Brazil — $ 290.9 billion, India is in 6th place — $ 284.1 billion, in Egypt there was a $ 35.7 billion Russia today has roughly the same as the gold reserves of the entire EU! The ECB is now 367.4 billion euro foreign exchange reserves (or about $ 500 billion).

15) External national debt

In 1999, Russia's foreign debt stood at $ 138 billion, or
78% of GDP. By January 2010 it had fallen to 3.4 times and now is $ 40.7 billion or 2.75% of GDP. For comparison, the external debt in the U.S. today 343 times the external debt of Russia and is already more than $ 14 trillion, or nearly 100% of U.S. GDP! And Egypt's foreign debt is almost equal to the Egyptian gold reserves — $ 30.6 billion

16) Inflation

In 1999 equals 36.5%. Inflation in 2010 was 8.8%. For comparison, in 2010, inflation in India was 9.5% in Argentina, 22% in Venezuela, 29.8%, 12.8% in Egypt.

17) Foreign Direct Investment (Ie, investments excluding loans and portfolio investment)

Only in 2010, FDI in the Russian economy amounted to $ 13.81 billion (as of the 2010 Russian economy received $ 114.7 billion of foreign investment, which is 40.1% more than in 2009). That's more than the entire amount of FDI in Russia for all the years from 1988 to 1999 (the beginning of 2000 all of the accumulated FDI in Russia were $ 12.8 billion). In comparison, FDI in China's economy in 2010 amounted to $ 105.7 billion, or $ 79 per head of population, compared to $ 98 for every Russian soul.

18) The average salary

In 1999 amounted to 1522 rubles. (Or $ 62). In 2010, the average salary is equal to 22,600 rubles (about $ 755) and was 14.8 times higher than in 1999. For reference, the average salary in Ukraine in 2010 was $ 340, $ 400 in Bulgaria, Romania $ 430, $ 490 in Belarus, Lithuania $ 815, $ 880 in Latvia, Poland about $ 1080 … $ 130 in Egypt.

19) The average pension

In 1999 amounted to 449 rubles. (Or $ 18). In February 2011, the average pension (excluding regional benefits and bonuses) in Russia was already 8265 rubles. (Or $ 285), i.e. increased from 1999 of 18.4 times. For comparison, the average pension in Bulgaria is $ 170, $ 235 in Romania, Lithuania $ 300, $ 315 in Latvia.

20) The real level of income

From 2000 to 2011 the real incomes of Russians (ie income, net of accumulated inflation in 10 years — 275%) increased by 2.6 times salary — 3 times, pensions — by 3.5 times.

21) Unemployment

In the year 2000 was 12.4%, and in 2010 fell to 7.2%. For comparison: In 2010, the U.S. unemployment rate was equal to 9.5% and in Lithuania — 16.0%, in Latvia — 19.1%, in Spain — 20.0%, in Egypt — 23% (according to unofficial data); Libya — 30% in Zimbabwe — 95%.

22) Living conditions

In 1999, the entire housing stock of Russia was 2.761 billion square meters. m or 19.1 sq.m. per person. For 10 years, by the end of 2009, Russia's housing stock grew by 15% and amounted to 3.176 billion square meters already. m or 22.4 sq.m. per person. For comparison, in 1992 the entire housing stock was 2,492,000,000 Russia m. m or 16.8 sq.m. per person.

23) The level of cash savings Russian citizens

In 1999, the total was estimated at about $ 40 billion, and in 2010 was already at least $ 470 billion (about 11.3 trillion rubles, about $ 80 billion in foreign currency).

24) And finally, a few quotes about the level of corruption in the Yeltsin era

— In 1999, Academician D. Lvov and Doctor of Economic Sciences V. Ovsiyenko evaluated corruption in Russia as "total".

— In early 1999, Russian Deputy Prosecutor General Yuri Y. Chaika said that Russia is among the ten most corrupt countries in the world, and that corruption is one of the most destructive forces in the Russian state.

— In May 1999, the Deputy Minister of Finance of Russia Oleg Vyugin noted that the system of government and business in Russia is largely saturated with corruption and criminal business.

— The journalist Mark Simpson in the British newspaper The Guardian wrote that during the presidency of Boris Yeltsin in Russia suffered such a large-scale corruption and gangsterism, did not know what parallel in history.

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