In physical terms, reducing flaring of associated gas in the Khanty-Mansi — Yugra was 1.5 billion cubic meters, its value at the prices of the Russian market — about $ 150 million, and at world prices — about four times more.
For the first time in decades, the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area — Yugra ceased to be a leader in terms of flaring of associated petroleum gas (APG). The following year, the region plans to achieve the specified level of APG utilization of 95%.
The Russian government has long been fighting for the efficient use of associated petroleum gas, much of which is still just burned. The past 2012 was a turning point in the fight. Since January 1, 2012 has been set regulatory limit of APG — that is using it for various needs of the industry — at the rate of 95% of its production. Target flared associated gas — 5% of production, and everything is burned over, subject to a heavy fine.
Experts immediately warned that to achieve the planned level of recycling in one year is not possible, it is not surprising that the fines could not be avoided. According to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the total amount of the fine for the year 2012 was about 6 billion rubles. In 2013, this figure may be higher as the factor in the calculation of charges for burning excess APG since the beginning of 2013 was 12 compared to 4.5 in 2012. Since 2014 the multiplier fines for flaring will be 25.
It is obvious that the oil companies will have to step up efforts to find different ways to use PNG if they do not want to burn their profits.
However, 2012 was a milestone not only because of the introduction of penalties. This year, the first results. And although the whole of Russia burn less gas did not, in some regions, there is a noticeable progress.
As the data in information-analytical center RUPEC, subsoil Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug — Yugra fastest reduce flaring. In 2012, the flaring of associated gas in the Khanty-Mansiysk was reduced in comparison to the year 2011 by 26%. As a result of the county, which for decades was the leader in the absolute volume of gas flaring in 2012 for the first time conceded leadership regions of Eastern Siberia.
In physical terms, reducing flaring in Khanty-Mansiysk — Yugra was 1.5 billion cubic meters, its value at the prices of the Russian market — about $ 150 million, and at world prices — about four times more. Suppose that from the point of view of industry money are small, but for APG them would just not there, and tons of pollutants were released into the atmosphere.
The share of APG of its total production in the Khanty-Mansiysk in 2012 decreased by 3.6 percentage points to 11.2%. This is one of the best in the country. On average, the Russian Federation, the figure is 23.8%.
Such progress Ugra, of course, in no small measure contributed to some of the features of the region. In contrast, eastern Siberia, which burns more than 82% of APG in Khanty-Mansiysk is the infrastructure that allows you to transport and process the associated gas. Oil production in the county is a long time, the field is quite old, it has a gas-oil ratio is considerably less. However, such a result is unlikely to have been able to achieve in such a short time without the concerted efforts of the local administration.
Leaders of the region have long been pursuing a policy of maximizing the use of gas in order to address both economic and environmental objectives. In the first place it is necessary to build processing plants that are able to absorb all the volumes of non-combustion gas. This process has recently accelerated.
In Ugra now has eight gas processing plants. In this case, two of them were put into service just in 2012, including a gas processing plant at the Salym group of fields. The volume of gas emitted to the GEA county on the results of 2012, increased by 9.2% to 23.1 billion cubic meters
Processed gas — is not only fuel, but also a valuable raw material for the chemical industries. Therefore, local authorities have stepped up the process of building a gas chemical cluster in the county. Subsoil Use Department for Khanty-Mansiysk already identified several areas for the creation of the enterprises.
As stated by the District Governor Natalia Komarova, the total investment of oil companies for processing associated gas in 2012-2013 is $ 1.4 billion in 2014 Yugra should go to the standard utilization rate of 95%. That is, in the next year associated gas in the Khanty-Mansiysk will not bring fines, and additional revenue.