Analysis on genital infections

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Analysis on genital infections reveals the most common causative agents of sexually transmitted infections, which include: human papilloma virus and cytomegalovirus, genital herpes, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis candidiasis.

What laboratory methods are used for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections?

  • ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) — allows you to detect antibodies to the pathogen infection (IgG and IgM);
  • PCR (polymerase chain reaction) — reveals in the sample (a swab from the urethra or vagina, sperm, juice prostate, blood) DNA or RNA pathogen.
  • bakposev (the definition of sensitivity to antibiotics).

What are the indications for screening for genital infections?

  • abdominal pain, discharge from the genital tract;
  • planning to become pregnant;
  • or unprotected casual sex (not later than 3-4 weeks);
  • planning surgery or manipulation in the urogenital system;
  • infertility;
  • miscarriage;
  • rheumatologic diseases (arthritis);
  • monitor the effectiveness of treatment of genital infections.

How to prepare for the study?

  • 1-2 days prior to the visit to the doctor for taking tests to refrain from sexual intercourse;
  • Before sending the swab on sexual infections are advised not to urinate for 2 hours.
  • On the eve of the analysis is recommended to provocation. The easiest and most reliable method is alimentary provocation (alcohol, salty, spicy). On the eve of analysis used alcohol and spicy food — for example, one or two bottles of beer with something salty and smoked.
  • If possible, it is desirable to women Pap for STDs after month, for 4-5 day cycle.

How is the swab for STDs?

During the examination, the doctor (gynecologist or urologist) with a special one-time small brush takes the material for the study of male urethra, women — from the urethra, cervix and vagina.

How many days to prepare a smear on genital infections?

2 business days.

How is the smear result for STDs?

In a healthy person all infections should be absent.

What to do if a swab for genital infections revealed positive results?

The results of the analysis refer to the doctor (gynecologist or urologist).

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