Allergic conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis (eye inflammation).  Photo from www.sciencephoto.com

Allergic conjunctivitis— Is an allergic inflammation of the mucosa eye.It may be a manifestation of hay fever, and drug allergies, allergy to animals in response to contact lenses etc.

Causes

The cause of allergic conjunctivitis are a variety of allergens, drugs funds, cosmetics, household chemical, physical and chemical factors in the chemical, textile, grain mill products, light energy and ionizing radiation, bacteria, viruses, etc.

When an allergen enters the mucous membrane of the eye in people exposed to such an inadequate reaction of the body may occur allergy. Such conjunctivitis are often combined with diseases such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis.

Allergic conjunctivitis affects approximately 15% of the total population.

What's going on?

Allergic conjunctivitis also referred to as "red eye disease" because of characteristic symptoms: itchy eyes or burning, tears flow, red and swollen eyelids, photophobia occurs. Often the disease is accompanied by a runny nose and cough. In allergic conjunctivitis usually affects both eyes.

Diagnosis and treatment

The diagnosis is established by an ophthalmologist or an allergist inspection and survey patient. Most often, in addition to the patient occur conjunctivitis and other manifestations of allergy. To clarify the specific allergen is required for a thorough examination, including the setting of skin tests.

Allergic conjunctivitis is treated by a physician for 10-14 days. With proper therapy may complete disappearance of all symptoms. For a start it is very important to find out allergen, which causes the disease and to exclude the possibility of contact with it. If this is not possible, the doctor will prescribe medication.

In the mild form of the disease can be quite cold compresses and use of "artificial tears" to reduce discomfort. Also, the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic drugs in drops and tablets.

Prophylaxis

For the prevention of allergic conjunctivitis should be kept to minumumu possibility of contact with the allergy-causing substances: dust, pets, dry fish food, household chemicals, cosmetics, etc. If contact can not be avoided, it should be put drops in your eyes before special allergy medications prescribed by the doctor.

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