Analysis on adrenal hormones

1) dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate

Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S, DHEA-SO4) — androgenic steroid hormone that is synthesized by the adrenal cortex. It is used by the body to produce testosterone and estrogen. His excessive content can lead to the threat of termination of pregnancy and spontaneous abortion.

In some cases, prescribe a blood test for DHEA-s?

  1. congenital adrenal hyperplasia;
  2. tumors of the adrenal cortex;
  3. ectopic ACTH-producing tumors;
  4. recurrent miscarriage;
  5. small for gestational;
  6. delayed puberty;
  7. diagnostics of the fetoplacental complex with 12-15 weeks of pregnancy.

How to prepare for a blood test for DHEA-s?

Before sending the blood are advised to avoid stress and fatigue, limit physical activity, refrain from frequent smoking. Blood is desirable to pass in the morning, on an empty stomach. If necessary, blood donation in a different time required to abstain from eating for 4-6 Hours.

What medications should not be taken before taking a blood test DEA-on with?

Dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, prednisolone, diprospan, estrogens, oral contraceptives. Upon delivery of blood to inform the nurse about taking drugs that affect the levels of hormones in the blood.

What are the dates of performance analysis?

1-2 Working days.

What are the normal values blood DEA-on with?

These values may vary depending on age, used test systems and analyzers:

  • Women: 810 — 8991 nmol / L;
  • Men: 3591 — 11907 nmol / l.

2) Cortisol is a common

Cortisol is a common — a steroid hormone of the adrenal cortex, which plays a key role in the defense response to stress and starvation and is involved in the regulation of many metabolic processes.

That means an increase in cortisol levels in the blood?

Elevated levels of cortisol in the blood — a sign of serious illness. During pregnancy cortisol in the body increases by 2-5 times, and the only case which does not indicate pathology.

In some cases, prescribe a blood test for total cortisol?

  • hirsutism;
  • diagnosis of Addison's disease and Cushing's;
  • oligomenorrhea;
  • premature sexual development;
  • osteoporosis;
  • abnormal pigmentation of the skin;
  • muscle weakness.

How to prepare for a blood test for cortisol?

On the eve of the hormone cortisol analysis abstain from taking estrogen, opiates, oral contraceptives and other drugs, after consulting with the doctor-endocrinologist. The day before the study did not get exercise and do not smoke.

What are the dates of performance analysis?

1-2 Working days.

What are the normal levels of cortisol in the blood?

  • age <16 years of age — 83 — 580 nmol / L

  • age> 16 years — 138 — 635 nmol / L

3) Aldosterone

Aldosterone — adrenal cortex hormone which acts on the kidneys, regulating water and electrolyte balance in the body (potassium and sodium).

What is the function of aldosterone in the human body?

Under the action of aldosterone delay occurs sodium and chlorine renal tubules, resulting in reduced fluid discharge urine, sweat, saliva and simultaneously promotes the excretion of potassium. Aldosterone effect on the maintenance of blood pressure, elevated levels in the blood leads to the formation of edema and increased pressure, decreased muscle tone, seizures, cardiac arrhythmia.

In some cases, prescribe a blood test for aldosterone?

  1. liagnostiki for primary hyperaldosteronism, adrenal adenoma and adrenal hyperplasia;
  2. for difficult-to-control hypertension;
  3. in orthostatic hypotension;
  4. with suspected adrenal insufficiency.

What kind of training is necessary for the analysis of aldosterone in the blood?

Within 2 weeks before the study recommended low carb diet without salt restriction. Prior to the study to exclude stress and intense exercise, which can lead to temporary excess aldosterone. Prior to testing, it is desirable to cancel the drugs that may affect the exchange of sodium and potassium ions (diuretics, antihypertensives, steroids, oral contraceptives and estrogens) in consultation with the attending physician.

What are the dates of performance analysis?

1-2 Working days.

What are the normal levels of aldosterone in the blood?

35 — 350 pg / ml

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