Analysis on female sex hormones

photo from www.flickr.com

1) Luteinizing hormone

Luteinizing hormone (LH) — HCG anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. In women, it stimulates the synthesis of estrogens, progesterone regulates the secretion and formation of the corpus luteum.

What are the indications for use blood test for LH in women?

  1. hirsutism;
  2. decreased libido;
  3. anovulation;
  4. oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea;
  5. infertility;
  6. dysfunctional uterine bleeding;
  7. miscarriage;
  8. precocious puberty and delayed puberty;
  9. growth retardation;
  10. sexual infantilism;
  11. polycystic ovarian syndrome;
  12. endometriosis;
  13. monitoring the effectiveness of hormone therapy.

What kind of training is necessary for the analysis of blood on the LH?

3 days prior to blood sampling is necessary to exclude athletic training. 1 hour prior to the taking of blood — smoking. Immediately prior to blood sampling is necessary to calm down. Blood has been taken on an empty stomach for 6-7 days of the menstrual cycle, if the other terms are not indicated by the attending physician.

Upon delivery of blood to inform the nurse additional information — on the bottom of the cycle, weeks of pregnancy, menopause, as well as taking drugs that affect the levels of hormones in the blood.

What are the dates of performance analysis?

1 day.

What are the normal levels of LH in the blood of women?

 

Paul

Level
LH, mIU / ml

Women

Follikullyarnaya phase

1.1 — 11.6

Ovulatory phase

17.0 — 77.0

Luteal phase

<14.7

Oral contraceptives

<8.0

Postmenopausal

11.3 — 39.8

2) Progesterone

Progesterone — a steroid hormone of the corpus luteum, necessary for the implementation of all stages of pregnancy. It prepares the endometrium of the uterus for the implantation and after implantation pregnancy promotes conservation.

What are the indications for use blood test for progesterone in women?

  1. identifying the causes of menstrual cycle;
  2. identification of the causes of infertility;
  3. identifying the causes of dysfunctional uterine bleeding;
  4. assessment of the placenta during the second half of pregnancy;
  5. diagnosis of true perenashivanie pregnancy.

What kind of training is necessary for the analysis of blood on the progesterone?

The analysis is performed on the 22-23 days of the menstrual cycle unless other terms are not indicated by the attending physician. Blood collection is performed in the morning on an empty stomach, that is, when between the last meal and taking the blood passes 8-12 Hours. You can drink the water. If it is impossible to come to the lab in the morning, you can stand in front of a fence blood fasting period not less than 6 hours, eliminating fats at a morning meal.

Upon delivery of blood to inform the nurse additional information — on the bottom of the cycle, weeks of pregnancy, menopause, as well as taking drugs that affect the levels of hormones in the blood.

What are the dates of performance analysis?

1 day.

What are the normal levels of progesterone in the blood of women?

 

Progesterone, nmol / l

Women

After puberty and before menopause

Follicular phase

0.32 — 2.23

Ovulatory phase (mid-cycle)

0.48 — 9.41

Luteal phase

6.99 — 56.63

 

 

Pregnant

I term

8.90 — 468.40

Trimester II

71.50 — 303.10

III Plus

88.70 — 771.50

Postmenopausal

<0.64

3) Prolactin

Prolactin — the hormone of the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates growth and stimulates the development of mammary glands and milk production. During pregnancy, prolactin supports the existence of the corpus luteum and the production of progesterone.

What are the indications for use blood test for prolactin in women?

  1. galactorrhea;
  2. cyclical breast pain;
  3. breast;
  4. anovulation;
  5. oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea;
  6. dysfunctional uterine bleeding;
  7. infertility;
  8. Diagnosis of sexual infantilism;
  9. diagnosis of chronic inflammation of internal genital organs;
  10. comprehensive assessment of the functional state of fetoplacental complex;
  11. differential diagnosis of true perenashivanie pregnancy;
  12. violation of lactation in the postpartum period;
  13. heavily flowing menopause;
  14. obesity;
  15. hirsutism;
  16. decreased libido;
  17. osteoporosis;
  18. treatment selection giperprolaktinemicheskih states.

What kind of training is necessary for the analysis of blood prolactin? 

The day before the test to exclude sex and heat exposure (sauna, hot bath), for 1 hour — smoking. Since the level of prolactin greatly affected by stressful situations, it is desirable to eliminate the factors affecting the results of research: physical exertion (running, climbing stairs), emotional arousal. Blood on prolactin should take no earlier than 3 hours after waking up. Before the procedure should rest 10-15 Minutes in the waiting room, calm down.

Note that prolactin increase can be due to effects on breast or chest operations as well as after taking alcoholic drinks.

What are the dates of performance analysis?

1 day.

What are the normal levels of prolactin in the blood of women?

109 — 557 mU / ml

4) Free testosterone

Free testosterone — the biologically active part of the testosterone levels.

What are the indications for use blood test for free testosterone in women?

  1. infertility;
  2. acne;
  3. hirsutism;
  4. anovulation;
  5. amenorrhea;
  6. oligomenorrhea;
  7. dysfunctional uterine bleeding;
  8. miscarriage;
  9. polycystic ovarian syndrome;
  10. uterine fibroids;
  11. endometriosis;
  12. tumors of the breast.

What kind of training is necessary for the analysis of free testosterone in the blood?

Between the last meal and taking blood passes at least 8 hours (preferably — at least 12 hours). Juice, tea, coffee (especially sugar) — is not allowed. You can drink the water.

What are the dates of performance analysis?

6 working days.

What are the normal levels of prolactin in the blood of women?

  • women of reproductive age: <4.1 pg / ml;
  • menopausal women: <1.7 pg / ml;
SQL - 17 | 0,418 сек. | 7.41 МБ