"Province — Elementary title peripheral areas in the countries targeted around a single center. This — an area far from the capital.
Province (or Russian empire so called "margin") — is involved and attached land on which later the processes of colonization. A provincialism — a complex nepavnatsennastsi, vaccinated Belarusians during the 19th century as a result of Russian colonization of our lands. "
Vyacheslav Rakytskyy: "Ales, there unchanging image of Belarusian provinces? Whether rights known Belarusian singer Victor Shalkevich when he gives her image as a" house-birch? "
Ales Antipenko: "Certainly, it does. For he who conquered this land, I wish that it looked something insignificant, miserable, something that is pathetic. And in this" house-birch "is precisely the feeling of loneliness, abandonment, as uttered would ekzystentsyyalisty. Certainly, it is the image of our land when it was deprived of all cultural centers, when there was only a village, countryside. Province — this is when there is only one landscape. There is only "house-birch." Province — is the lack of cultural center, is the lack of mental or nyachutnasts votes. nyabachnasts This cultural tradition and history. Province — this abandoned land. But still in the 19th century there was another way of Belarusian provinces. This image was due to the fact that even the memories of Belarus as a free land , "free page." This image belongs to the Belarusian unknown nobleman who practically expressed so: "Our land is not Polish, not Russian, but called edge. Behind these words — understanding of freedom, once lost, taken away from us. "
Rakytskyy: "Two defining the province — an abandoned region and called edge. When, for any real foundation myth begins life of Belarus as a province?"
Antipenko: "It starts with the so-called 3 sections Rzeczpospolita when uniformly Belarus became part of the Russian Empire. Way here to tell how our land has been good from the Russian. Imagine a situation where part of our country, the current first Mogilev region and part of Gomel and Vitebsk regions, to join Russia. Specifically in these areas was then Belarusian Orthodoxy. And here comes the patriarch and metropolitan vrazhvaetstsa that church, which stood on our lands, on its own architecture were not similar to Russian. immediately given orders to recycle them Capital way. This was the beginning pravintsyyalizatsyi, denial of identity of the land and the culture that exists on this earth. "
Rakytskyy: "In general, how the process of colonization, which appears as a result of provincialism complex?"
Antipenko: "Provincialism complex — a complex nepavnatsennastsi. And this is one of the tasks of the colonialists to instill and develop complex nepavnatsennastsi people to take the land, so that later it was easier to control and manage the people who were in the occupied territories. Several devices through which the development of this complex. Prior to this colonial puts puzzle to break the resistance of the people, to the land which he entered. As you know, resistance Belarusians Russian occupation and colonization was not strong enough. recall uprising 1830s and 1860s. especially during the last
Uprising steel hand practically destroyed all resistance elements on our soil. Second mechanism that applies colonizers — it sets your system administration. When there appeared Russian colonial power, was eliminated Statute majestically Duchy of Lithuania, and in return were introduced Russian laws. Also canceled was the Magdeburg Law, in other words, destroyed all the principles of self-government. Third mechanism — this extermination cultural heritage. I’ve read about the Orthodox Church, but the destruction was first Uniate Uniate churches and icons. Even in the midst of the Russian administration was walking such a funny story. Russians specifically drove raspilvats feet of Jesus Christ. Hundreds of thousands of books and other cultural values were taken to St. Petersburg and Moscow. All of these actions were directed to the liquidation of any historical memory, any real signs of historical and cultural memory of the people who became the object of capturing and kalyanizatsyynaga violence. Follow-up mechanism — is the destruction of the local education system. Thus, Belarus were closed Polotsk Jesuit College and Vilnius Institute. And in the end — the substitution of language communication, setting language of the imperial center. As a result, the Belarusian language was a little status, it has been regarded as a language already uneducated segments of the population, as the language in which impossible to engage in any mental activity. Belarusian language as a result of colonization became the language of silence, the language of submission. "
Rakytskyy: "Every province has a relatively some center. If I understand you right, you talk about the Belarus as a whole as the center of the province — the Russian Empire. Belarus has all the province?"
Antipenko: "Certainly. Specifically, in this sense, I read about Belarus as a province, as the area captured as so called "margin" of. In the same province in those days was, and Ukraine, and the current-independent Baltic countries. Yes, certainly, there is the imperial center. His name — Moscow. There are high culture, which suggests that the imperial center. And the task of the imperial center — bind, make dependent occupied areas.
Rakytskyy: "But if you read about Belarus as an integral ethnic area, if talk about the Belarus government, then perhaps there province, which focuses on the center, which is the capital. Lee talk about the province inside Belarus relative to the center — the capital of this land?"
Antipenko: "In principle, it is possible. This French version of itself, if earlier and so far there is everything that is outside of Paris, the provinces. But in this case the province — it is no more
administrative unit. When I speak of the province in our historical sense, the province — it is always subordinate to the land. If read in another sense, I do not see that today’s Belarusians who, for example, live in Brest, tormented by complex nepavnatsennastsi from the fact that they do not live in Minsk. In communicating about complex nepavnatsennastsi let us remember very specific situation of its detection .. Russian recall times when for some reason the majority of Belarusians wonder what all the best that there is in Moscow that there are collected all the most powerful mental strength. We remember that quite often happened that literary works initially received "reputation" in Moscow and only later vorachivalis in Belarus. "
Rakytskyy: "With this complex live comfortably?"
Antipenko: "To a certain extent. When a person does not feel the necessity of freedom, then he believes it is better to be subdued. And we remember how this one came out first set of provincialism 1990s, when calls for the independence of Belarus faced with that very common formula" As we without Russia? Without it, we just can not. We also do not have resources. "This is the manifestation of the provincial complex when people, civilization does not rely on their own strength."
Rakytskyy: "And what has the resources of Belarus, that her people had lost this complex?"
Antipenko: "This f
irst — our independence. This — our political freedom and our political
subjectivity, which is now Belarus. Second occasion — this, of course, thirst for freedom. Freedom — it is the value that leads a person to believe in themselves, in their forces in the country where he lives, on the people with whom he lives together in the prospects that he and his fellow citizens may have, being free people. This is what breaks down the provincialism. And note, Belarusians uniformly lose complex provincialism. "
Rakytskyy: "And who now support this complex provincialism. Which as previously inherent in certain parts of society?"
Antipenko: "Lack of self-contained information space. On our television channels dominates Russian pop culture, our FM-stations can be heard Russian pop music, but as far as quality of Western music, it goes on the air very dosed. First, this complex cultural provincialism supported depending on the former metropolitan of Moscow. This complex is partly supported by the Belarusian regime political dependence on Moscow. Certainly, and the lack of strong mental border with Russia. And finally, the fact that the processes of state identity of Belarusians are not yet completed. Medvedev eventually become civilization to the extent that, for example, are currently civilization Ukrainians, I think we will witness more dekalyanizatsyi. "
Rakytskyy: "Because there may be a long time yet this complex provincialism How long will exist myth of Belarus as a province? Who will be the gravedigger of this myth?"
Antipenko: "It will be so long as Belarusians will feel dependence on Russia. And so long as they consider themselves poor people compared with the Russians. Who’s hurt? I think it destroys us all together, and slowly each day. A general it is destroying any brightest manifestations or severe examples of creativity or in Belarusian art, or in the Belarusian culture, or in the Belarusian intelektualistytsy. This new task-independent Belarusian elites. " Tags: atlyantyda Antipenko