PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS OF CHINESE MILITARY AVIATION INDUSTRY

 PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS OF CHINESE MILITARY AVIATION INDUSTRY
Despite the fact that many systemic problems continue to exert pressure on the development of China’s military aviation industry, this branch of the defense industry continues to modernize rapidly, writes researcher at the Institute of Defence and Strategic research Michael Rask (Michael Raska, Nanyang Technological Institute) October 18, on pages eurasiareview.com.
 
Over the past 10 years China’s military aviation industry has systematically reduced the technological gap with the advanced countries of the world. Occurrence of 2-latest-generation fighter — J-20 and J-21 — along with the modernization of the J-10 (pictured) and the J-11 indicates the country’s ability to grow.
 
Naikrupneyshim Chinese AVIC Aircraft Group embarked on reforms in November 2008, when the Chinese government joined into one holding company AVIC I and AVIC II. The main purpose of the association was the zeal to consolidate their limited technological capabilities and enhance the growth of innovation in the design and manufacture of aircraft. Conversion allowed to make the corporate structure and strategy aimed at increasing the competitiveness of Chinese aerospace industry by increasing the bit of R & D to meet the needs of military aircraft of the PLA and the civilian sector.
 
AVIC defense sector at the present time includes 5 main contractors: Chengdu Aircraft Industry Corporation (fighter J-10, J-20, FC-1), Shenyang Aircraft Corporation (J-8 fighter, J-11, J-15), Hongdu Aviation Industry Group (trainer aircraft K-8, L-15), Xi’an Aircraft Company (H-6 bombers, JH-7) and Changhe / Hafei Aviation (Z-8 helicopters, Z-9, Z-11) . Also integrated into the structure of Shenyang Liming Aero-Engine (WS-10 turbofan for fighters), Xian Aero Engine (WS-9 turbofan for fighters and supplier of individual components for WS-10), AVIC Avionics (avionics), also involved Chengfa Science and Technology (management and control of aircraft engines), AVIC Aero-Engine Controls (control of aircraft engines), Hubei Aviation Precision Machinery (electro-mechanical systems and units) and Jonhon Optronics (different types of connectors).
 
According to the president of AVIC Lin Zuominya (Lin Zuoming), during 2008-2011 the group yearly total revenue increased by 20%. In 2011, sales reached the 250 billion yuan (39.6 billion U.S. dollars), unblemished profit rose more than 15% and amounted to 12.9 billion yuan (1.89 billion U.S. dollars). Economic Characteristics AVIC become comparable with indicators such large western defense companies like British BAE Systems (sales in 2010 amounted to 22.39 billion f.st or 34.7 billion U.S. dollars).
 
PLA Air Force operational requirements
 
China once a year shows an increase in military spending, as follows, is allocated more funds for the purchase of modern military technology and equipment. PLA Air Force behold the need for a full substitution of obsolete third generation fighter J-7 and J-8 and modernization of infrastructure logistics. China begins to increase efforts to produce helicopters, transport and training aircraft, fighter fourth and fifth generations. It is believed that the fraction of aircraft fourth generation of the PLA Air Force in 2005 was 23%, in 2010 33%, and is expected, by 2015 their share was 50%.
 
Height innovations
 
Until the end of the 1990s the main fleet of the PLA Air Force included outdated warplanes era of the 1950s based on the Russian MiG-19 and MiG-21. In 1999, China had less than 100 Su-27 fighters, armed with missiles with a range of out-of-sight, there was virtually no high-precision weapons. But by 2010, the Air Force sent into retirement much of older aircraft and have caught more than 300 modern all-weather fighter J-10, J-11 and Su-30, filled, namely, technologically advanced Russian SD H-31/AS-17 Krypton. Are adopted by the AWACS aircraft and HQ-9 SAM own production.
 
Fighter fifth-generation J-20 could enter service by 2020. Continuous release of resources for the development of severe aviation industry and emphasis on increasing the properties of aircraft in the long term can lead to the level of China tightly advanced aviation powers.
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