Made based on the tenets of cool war, Su-34 was not very applicable in modern conflicts
Until the end of today, the Russian Air Force to acquire another 14 frontline bombers Su-34. This was said United Aircraft management companies in the meeting held at an aircraft factory in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, which is visited by Deputy Defense Minister for Armaments Yuri Borisov. According to representatives of the KLA gosoboronzakazna 2014 on new bombers will be executed, and in the next year is expected postavkaesche 16 cars.
Very optimistic plans, because even in the past year SDO Su-34 has been under threat of failure, and the Ministry of Defence through the Tribunal to recover from producing bombers Novosibirsk aviation plant a penalty for the failure of delivery dates. Were dissatisfied with the first serial «Thirty» flight and technical staff of the Air Force. Many claims are made, namely not working part avionics were prepyadstviya complexes with electronic warfare «Khibiny» etc.
Useless in modern conflict
For the Russian Air Force Su-34 — one of the most anticipated cars. Able to strike a precision instrument, kitted strong board radar W-141 phased array, efficient complex electronic countermeasures, thermal imaging, and television channels to detect and track targets, «thirty-four» to be an effective means of dealing with enemy ground targets, replacing outdated Su -24M. Experience the 2008 war with Georgia, where front-line aviation also achieved limited results showed that the Russian Air Force in dire need of a bomber capable of hitting targets with precision instrument, without going into the kill zone of enemy air defenses. Some experts attributed the role of Su-34 from the 4th Training Center in Lipetsk aviation personnel in the conflict with Georgia. It is believed that on account of these machines — Georgian radar, struck the Kh-31. At the same time the representative of the Russian Air Force told the newspaper «MIC», which it is not.
«Su-34 with anti-radar missiles tested exclusively in 2010. All five radars that we vyshybli, on account of ordinary combatant Su-24 «, — said the publication of the Russian Air Force officer who participated in the conflict. According to him, if the Su-34 were able to wage war in the conflict, it was necessary to use a machine not against radar, and for the destruction of ground targets.
«Even the weak Georgian defense» flunked «glitsevsky Su-24 (Su-24M from the 929 th GLITs downed August 9) with 2 pilots opytneyshemi when he stormed artillery position. The Su-24 was not guided bombs or missiles and conventional sighting system. And the crew had to go down at gunpoint Georgian missiles and strike «, — explained the newspaper» VBC «interlocutor.
Su-34 with its sverhtehnologichnym radar, television and thermal imaging channels targeting cope in such a situation more effectively. But nedavneshny combat experience introducing new bombers justified turnaround. In Internet blog Hard Ingushetia have photos base camp militants «Caucasus Emirate» air strike destroyed. It is the job of the Su-34 Russian Air Force.
«Su-34 collided with bolshennymi difficulties in striking a difficult mountainous and forested terrain. Radar not been able to find purpose in criteria such as thermal and TV channels were limited field of view. Coped with the problem, but with great difficulty, «- said the Southern Military serviceman neighborhood familiar with the situation.
According to the source, the base sighting system «thirty-fourth» — sverhtehnologichny radar W-141 was in such criteria useless. The crew was unable to find an image battered reflection of different objects on the ground, a suitable target, and frontline bomber was obliged to go down to find the object. Fortunately, no air defense fighters. But NPP «Leninist» who created the radar, not guilty of such a situation. W-141 — is a unique product that can detect targets with low ESR at a range of 150-200 km. Su-34, made as the best shock cool war bomber capable of breaking through a low-altitude air defense of NATO and destroy both mobile and stationary targets useless in modern warfare.
Radar and cameras to the imager
Vietnam War almost everything changed view of modern combat aircraft. First conflict aircraft pilots, clumping bombs and unguided rockets, take aim, using radar or bombsight, but already in 1973 the goal detected by the cameras and thermal imagers, amazed bombs and missiles with TV and laser heads pointing.
The main task of the main attack aircraft USAF 60s F-105 «Thunderchief» was to strike at radiocontrast targets (buildings, bridges, columns of vehicles) or ordinary nuclear bombs with average heights and at tremendous speeds. For its time sighting system «Thunderchief», built around the radar, was a work of art. But in Vietnam radars were worthless, pilots had to strike, visually using bombsight. With the rise in the North Vietnamese air defense systems S-75, «Thunderchief» was necessary to go down to low altitudes, where designed for supersonic flight at medium altitudes and huge F-105 often left on critical flight regimes that led to the disaster, and the pilots just do not find time to fit the target. Added problems melokalibernaya flak (MSA), machine guns, and shown at the end of the war MANPADS «Arrow» if you do not shoot down, then inflicts significant damage to a fighter-bomber.
U.S. Air Force had to pay attention to the development of controlled destruction and means of aviation sighting systems with the highest resolution optics to detect ground targets.
On the background of problems with «Thunderchief» and «Phantoms» showed the highest performance fighter-bombers c variable geometry wing F-111 «Advark.» Filled terrain following system «Advarki» NIGHT MODE at low altitudes and in difficult meteusloviyah strike ground targets with known coordinates.
In 1973, Americans spent an operation to destroy strategic targets in North Vietnam — «Lainbakker-2.» USAF massively used bombs with laser guidance systems and television, also sighting containers «Paiva Tak» and «Paiva Penny» for target detection and tracking precision TSA. South American strike aircraft did virtually all combat missions at medium altitudes and huge suppressing the North Vietnamese air defense anti-radar missiles and electronic warfare.
First 80s sighting containers were equipped with F -111. According to the plan of the U.S. military «Advarki» must break through defense at low altitude using radar for navigation. Finding a goal set to perform, take her to support half the impact container and managed to hit a bomb or missile. As well acted and European fighter-bombers «Tornado» IDS, equipped the same sighting equipment.
And not to make war with the Russian army, F-111 and the «Tornado» practice on Iraq in 1991, where faced with difficulties bolshennymi. Iraqis shot down by MHA 5 operating at low altitudes «Tornado». F-111, working on 3 — 5 meters tyschah done without loss.
For the replacement of the F-111 «Advark» came F-15E, also participated, but not very successfully, in the war with Iraq. «Strike Eagle» first created for the implementation of high-precision tools with the introduction of a new sighting container LANTIRN. But in Iraq, F-15E, did not receive containers struck ordinary and cluster bombs from low altitude, losing by MZA MANPADS and several cars. Installed on the F-15E radar AN/APG-70 used to conduct air combat, as part of the LANTIRN hinged container AN/AAQ-13 — for orientation and terrain mapping.
In the 90 years in Yugoslavia «Strike Needles» has acted on the heights of five to six thousand meters. At the moment, the U.S. Air Force modernized «Eagle» by setting up refreshed hinged container «Sniper» with synthetic aperture radar AN/ASQ-236 firm Raytheon.
Modern experience of the U.S. Air Force and NATO indicates that the attacks on ground targets at risk of MSA and MANPADS applied from a height of six to seven thousand feet, stationary air defenses destroyed by cruise missiles and machine drums accompany special fighter-bombers, suppress air defenses and electronic warfare aircraft. Last time tactical aircraft bombarded the enemy with the introduction of radar in 1993 in Yugoslavia.
Ever since the 60s in the Soviet Air Force low-altitude air defense breakthrough became the basis of combat strike aircraft. If the Su-7 struck using visual sights, it is already more advanced Su-17, MiG-23BN were equipped with radar sighting system.
Russian answer to the F-111 — frontline bomber with variable geometry wing Su-24 slapped in adverse weather conditions, also NIGHT MODE performing breakthrough enemy air defenses at low altitude terrain following mode. For search purposes Su-24 radar used, supplemented by a laser rangefinder and a television system.
Su-24 in 1988 went to Afghanistan. Here the results were not as positive and encouraging. Due to the introduction Mujahideen MSA MANPADS «Stinger» Su-24M 755 and the 143rd bomber regiment operating with Russian airfields attacked from a height of six to seven thousand meters of ordinary svobodnopadayuschie bombs. Even modernized radar sighting system PNS-24M «Tiger» was worthless because he could not discern small targets against land. Attempt to use bombs KAB-500L and KAB-1500L failed. Power television systems were not enough to distinguish objects on the ground and take them to the accompaniment. With the same difficulties faced fighter-bombers Su-17M and MiG-27. The experience of war and exercises in Europe, as the analysis of information sources zabugornyh forced command to change the Soviet Air Force Su-24 under the special use of high-precision weapons defeat bomber aircraft, an analogue of the South American F-15E «Strike Eagle».
New bomber must act at low altitude to climb to hit a target and the next slide. Unlike the U.S. military, who believed that the radar is needed to guide and flight mode terrain following, the command of the Soviet Air Force made a bet on the radar sighting system, however, supplemented by more modern TV and laser systems. Western military experts in the 80s believed that oppression by MHA and MANPADS quite equip shock machine cluster munitions, but the command of the Soviet Air Force required to book new vulnerabilities for example bomber Su-25. For protection against enemy fighters and air defense systems of NATO promising frontline bomber equipped with EW. All these requirements formed the basis of the new aircraft, later to become the Su-34.
At the time of formation of the requirements in 1989, the new bomber, who had a number of high quality advantages over the F-15 and F-111 would be the best cool war plane in its class. NATO experts planned to work «Advarkov» and «Strike a needle» with fighter cover, EW aircraft and so called «Uaild Weasley» outfitted for oppression defense fighter-bombers, F-4. In the Soviet Air Force believed that a promising frontline bomber must act without the help of others, not hoping for help. From fighters and air defense and electronic warfare to hide behind terrain, reach the target using radar sighting system, hit it, and if you come under fire by MHA and MANPADS, then return to the airfield. Realities for 80s and the euro theater new bomber would be a breakthrough machine.
In 1991 the Soviet Union collapsed. In 1992, the Sukhoi Design Bureau has developed a carrier-based fighter-bomber Su-32FN, which became in a few years the Su-34. First cars arrived in the Air Force in the late 90s, but started mass supply exclusively in 2011. All this time, Su-34 and remained spotless frontline bombers cool times of war. Integral aerodynamic design with front canards (PGO) provides stable flight and better maneuverability at low altitude even podveschennym weapons that showed very excellent pilots 4th CPA on demo flight at the MAKS-2013. Powerful radar W-141 detects small targets at altitudes of up to four thousand meters, titanium makes the pilots and cabin avionics immune from antiaircraft fire and light weapons from the ground. Complex EW «Khibiny» frontline bomber protects not only from aircraft and anti-aircraft missiles, and from MANPADS. For their own problems more Su-34 F-15E better. But at the moment the concept of strike aircraft and changed pluses Su-34 began its shortcomings.
Modern shock machine, avoiding fire from the ground, climb to the heights of five to six thousand meters. At such an altitude Su-34 immediately loses the advantage of the radar system, the inability to distinguish subtle purpose — single machine and armored vehicles, groups of people and field fortifications, hidden terrain. Yes and dropping to 2-3 km does not guarantee detection of such purposes as substantiate nedavneshnee combat use in Ingushetia. Here are needed cameras and thermal imagers that the Su-34 is not the highest abilities differ significantly inferior not only to modern South American «sniper», and outdated LANTIRN and more than a cheap French «Damocles». With all this weight and size, power consumption also shot the Su-34 a couple of times superior to fit into containers mounted foreign counterparts.
Even reserved Su-25 with conventional avionics complex are often victims of fire defense and MANPADS in Afghanistan, and Georgia. Cab rescue pilots, but in case of defeat anti-aircraft missile, small fire small-caliber artillery guns and fundamental systems have to leave the plane. Save the Su-34 can only fly at a height unattainable, but only increases the armor weight machines and leads to excessive fuel consumption, lowering range and payload weight. U.S. Air Force and NATO countries have long concluded that it is necessary not to book plane and reduce to a minimum the possibility of defeat.
Many aviation experts, while not denying problems, they say that for a big war with sverhtehnologichnym opponent like the United States and NATO Su-34 will be able to realize their full potential along a low breakthrough. Modern South American AWACS aircraft type E-3 «Sentry» just find even cover interference Su-34 against the backdrop of the earth. Multispectral MANPADS being tested at the moment models South American «Stinger» and the French «Mistral» is guaranteed to amaze frontline bomber, so it will still have to go to great heights. Complexes EW opponent if not «crush» that will create a huge problem for the W-141, so it’s necessary to use a weapon only on thermal and TV channels targeting. Job radar sighting system based on modern electronic intelligence will be unmasking factor for the bombers, warning opponents of his presence. Without oppression and destruction of enemy air defense fighter aircraft of its Su-34, despite the titanium cockpit, modern radar and electronic warfare complex, not the tenant. Fortunately, if you would be able to fly to the target.
It is clear that the Russian Air Force is currently not candidacy. Urgently need to change the park aging bombers Su-24M. At the same time of the entire fleet of the Air Force, despite its flaws, sighting the Su-34 is currently the most «advanced».
Su-34 — this is the best plane cool war that ended 20 years ago. Because management KLA would cost to reflect how to make it the best attack aircraft of today and not worn with thoughts 80s.