Oil, enamel, acrylic, water based paints, silicate paints for interior and exterior use, walls, ceiling and wall-paper, wood and metal. How to make the right choice?

Builders and artists of ancient times supplied the paints nature: colored earth, chalk, minerals, plant juices. Today the choice of coatings is so great that sometimes it is difficult to choose exactly what you need. Let’s deal.

It is ready to use and Paste, you want to breed with varnish. Previously, it was the most popular color, relatively inexpensive and suitable «for all.» Even today in many suburban areas of the roof, fences and benches painted it exactly, but rather use it the old fashioned way, because oil paints are not considered durable.

Alkyd and polyurethane enamels and enamel lacquer basis. They are used for painting windows, doors, floors. These coatings are characterized by long life, especially if you apply them on the dried wood. In addition, they have a water repellent and thus also relatively inexpensive. However, the enamels contain harmful solvents for the human body.

Water-based paint. The most popular at the moment of paint — are those which are based on water. Water-based, environmentally friendly vodnodispersnye paint, odorless and fast drying. And today, they are being squeezed from the shelves strongly smelling and long drying dyes and oil-based varnish.

Choosing the cover, be sure to note that vodoemulsionku rests not on any surface. For example, the ceiling whitened with chalk, would first have to clean up, primed and only then apply latex paint. Glossy basis is also not suitable for aqueous emulsion coating.

Acrylic paint. This type of water-based paints is currently perhaps the most common. It is suitable for painting wood, mineral substrates, metals. This paint protects the surface from the weather and mechanical influences and ultraviolet radiation. Everything else acrylic paint does not smell, it is convenient to use and dries quickly, forming a «breathing» coating. Suitable for both exterior and for interior works. Only in a huge range of these products, it is important to choose the paint, which is necessary for a particular type of work.

Acrylic latex paint — one of the best materials for painting wallpaper. Paint dries in a few hours and a couple of weeks already wallpaper can be cleaned with a damp cloth. Stain can be fiberglass, paper and non-woven wallpaper. The main advantage — the possibility of contaminating the tint areas. Special training is not required for this.

Coatings for the exterior. For outdoor applications there are different types of paint. Among them — the water-based silicate paints that are made on the basis of liquid glass.

Silicate paints have a reputation strong enough resistance to temperature and high humidity.

Lime facade known for a long time. Whitewashing was the main decoration of dwellings since ancient times.

For one of the best modern painting materials for exterior paints include silicone. They are produced based on an aqueous dispersion with addition of silicone resins. Paint not only releases the excess moisture from the inside, but also pushes the «dirty» outside (has dirt-repellent properties).

PROTECTIVE COATINGS: Paints for wood, lacquers, impregnation. The tree has many enemies: the sun, rain, bugs, dust, dirt and of course the mold. Paints for wood form a film, completely hide the tree structure, giving it a decorative look and protects against weathering. For best results it is recommended to apply the paint in two layers. Resinous primer pretreated wood.

TREATMENT are translucent with different shades (improving the texture of the wood) and tint, as well as forming and forming a protective film (impregnation deep penetration).

In addition to the protective properties of impregnation have the properties of ornamental. Impregnating (stains) are also antiseptic and protect the wood from weathering, insects, mold.

LUCKY form a protective film that emphasizes winning wood texture. Just as paints, varnishes are made on the aqueous and organic bases.

For exteriors choose paints that protect the wood from UV rays and contains fungicidal additives preventing the formation of mold.

Expert advice

Before proceeding to the painting, the surface should be primed. This will strengthen it by aligning the absorption and create a bridge of adhesion (grip). Just remember that the surface have to be dry, clean and sound.

The painted surface can be mineral, wood or metal. It is important to choose paint for each type (this information is contained in the package), and then it will fall better and last longer.

Mineral surface in contrast to the metal must «breathe» and skip moisture well as vapor. This paint must necessarily repel water that falls on the facade in the rain.

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