The name of Lieutenant-General Konstantin Pleshko widely known and highly authoritative among the border guards, despite the fact that he is now retired. Service Konstantin took place in different regions, and for many people the border guards, who served under him, it is an example of the military commander.
All the generals were once lieutenants. We offer you the material — a kind of touches to the portrait of Konstantin Konstantinovich since his youth officer …
Many years have passed, and Lieutenant-General Konstantin retired Pleshko today remembers the details of a scientific conference at the Military Academy named after Frunze. I remember it because he, while students of the Academy for the first time had to pass the examination in front of a very high command.
Students, teachers, senior officers of the army were discussing the day one of the complex tactical art — a march and a meeting engagement. Speech captain Pleshko attracted the attention of the original and unexpected solutions. He decisively tactically enemy impose his version of the battle. Decisions that took Captain Pleshko dismantled, as they say, the bones. The captain could hardly contain the excitement, because his main opponent was none other than the present at the conference, Colonel-General Valentin Varennikov, one of the most respected military leaders. But the captain was able to cope with all the introductory, «recouping» fight successfully and leaving simulated enemy chance of success. And then General Varennikov personally congratulated him on his success. For Captain Pleshko it was, perhaps, the highest rating.
Then, in the teaching environment was felt that such an officer on the issue and the regiment can be trusted. «That may be so, but in the regiment Pleshko not put — he said, regretting an officer of the Department of tactical art. — He’s border guard, they have a different structure. But the future he certainly great. «
It must be said, then, in the early 1970s, the Academy students took the form of combined arms commanders. One group studied and CSKA, and border guards and members of the internal troops. At the border guards did not then have the faculty, and they were engaged in a program with the motorized infantry, the future commanders of regiments and brigades. At the same time officers from the border troops were on the course unit. Not surprisingly, they are sizing them genuinely interested in the features of the state border. Very much it differs from the combined arms options.
Constantine Pleshko enjoyed authority. After the end of the Alma-Ata Higher Command School of the border, he served for several years before joining the academy at the famous Iman border detachment under the command of Colonel Demokrat Leonov. Mr. eroi Damansky in those years were on everyone’s lips, and had a chance to gain Pleshko their experience.
In general, the Far East Pleshko lieutenant went on their own. College graduated with honors, that exercised their right to choose their service. I arrived at Iman, a town on the Ussuri River, which soon found its Russian name —
Border detachment settled, what is called, in an open field. Zastava, which Constantine Pleshko appointed deputy commander, was ten miles from the nearest village. While the future outposts built premises, and only their own, living in tents, and of course, the clock carried Border Service. You can imagine the impression those first lieutenant, considering the Far East under the cold thirty degrees and below, an incredible summer stuffiness at high humidity, mosquitoes, ticks, etc.
Constantine Pleshko actively participated in the construction, by example the soldiers, easy to manage with an ax, a saw, plane and other tools. Where did that come from? It is simply up to the Belarusian province. His father died in the Great Patriotic War, that had become a man sooner. The native village was burned by the Germans, and the boys from an early age helped veterans who came from the war and its neighbors to build a new home, worked together with adults. And now with sincere respect soldiers we looked at how easily controlled with any work of Lieutenant. And that was how simple everyday in daily communication with subordinates, just as steep and demanding in matters of discipline, order and service.
But with the first officer’s fate in his commander — lieutenant, chief of the outpost — to find common ground did not succeed. Head immediately made it clear that the relationship they may have only the official, and no talking heart to heart. Strangely, it was for a young lieutenant who was so anxious to hear some words of farewell. Still, they have a common service officer, subordinate, around the wilderness for many kilometers. Even in difficult circumstances served better if the commander not only makes demands on service, but is also a senior fellow, can prompt and help at first. But they have a common language and was not found.
Konstantin recalls one case, which in many respects has shown the essence of his boss. Then the senior lieutenant shot the official dog. He explained this by the fact that, say, confused it with the wolf. But it was not supposed to according to the instructions to open fire even a wild beast, if it does not threaten human life. Pleshko then went to the chief of the outpost and, pale with suppressed indignation, he said:
— Call the detachment to report the incident.
— What kind of incident is still there? — Contemptuously dismissed the chief.
— I report — Lieutenant repeated firmly and stubbornly looking boss straight in the eye, and he did not dare to refuse.
How much pain and suffering was the instructor of service dogs Sergeant Fedotov, lost through the fault of the mountain-chief of his wordless faithful friend!
By the way, did not have to bear the Frontier Service Konstantin Pleshko with his first chief of the outpost. Three months after his appointment he was removed from his post because of the inability to perform his duties.
The young lieutenant often wondered then what should be a real officer. Even Lermontov gave the famous definition: «Servant of the king, the father of the soldiers.» So it was in the old days. Now the name of the commander, «Batey», which within the meaning of the same.
But then Pleshko already had the honor to learn from other commanders present. Such as the chief frontier Colonel Demokrat Leonov, chief of staff of the detachment, the Great Patriotic War, Colonel Boris Pavlin, chief of Staff Gen. Peter Kosinov squad.
Service from the young officer was successful. Pretty soon, he became head of the outpost, got ahead of the next rank, and as one of the most promising officers sent to study at the academy.
As for the issue of the Academy Pleshko Constantine he was sent to the post of deputy chief of staff at one of the border detachments in the Northwest. The detachment was unique in that most of its outposts and posts of technical supervision are on the island.
Delving into the atmosphere, a graduate of the academy very soon noticed that the local population while without much sympathy for the border guards. This, of course, did not contribute to the solution of qualitative tasks. After all, whatever you say, and for the border guard the local population — this is the first asset in service, it is important to establish a good relationship. Then they can help, inform, if they see something suspicious.
Konstantin decided to first find out the reasons for such exclusion. For the answer did not have far to go. The blame for this appeared, oddly enough, the border guards themselves. The islands are in fact the general population — fishermen. Their material well-being depends entirely on how to catch seiners come to the place of delivery of fish. And the border guards on the shore of «pulling the rubber» with a resolution of the fishermen on the way out to sea, and then took the time to issue them with the arrival of the fishery.
Deputy Chief of Staff of the border unit, talking to fishermen, gave them a call to rectify the situation and kept his word. Seiners began to go out into the sea rhythmically families of fishermen increased prosperity. Relations with the local population has changed dramatically for the better, which is very positive impact on the service for the protection of the border.
Pleshko pretty fast growing career. All in the same rank of captain took over as chief of staff of Sortavala border detachment, and then headed to the rank of Major Rebolsky border guard. But at that time the commander of the newly formed border connection was only 32 years old. And Rebolsky squad was one of the most difficult and problematic throughout the Northwest District. After a while, after Pleshko became the commander of the detachment, the results of the service improved dramatically, it was noted that not a single commission.
All posts Constantine left a Pleshko any significant improvement. Promising academy graduate was not afraid to experiment. For example, one section of the border because of his efforts have been improved engineering systems. Elsewhere they have successfully carried out an experiment to improve the organization of border squads. There are many examples.
.After five years of restless and very responsible service as chief of border detachment Pleshko Constantine, already a lieutenant colonel, he was appointed deputy chief of staff of the border region.
That period was characterized by a tense atmosphere, especially in summer, when repeated attempts were made to trained persons illegally crossing the border in the vast desolate expanses of Karelia and the Arctic. It was the length of time, with the involvement of large forces and means of the border search operations and detain offenders. The situation demanded constant improvement of performance frontier, border troops, the organization conducting special border operations. District began to successfully deal with these challenges, which was highly appreciated by the border forces of the country. And this was the great merit deputy chief of staff — chief of the Border Guard Lieutenant Colonel Pleshko.
His analytical and organizational skills have not gone unnoticed. At the insistence of the higher command Pleshko Constantine was appointed to the headquarters of the frontier troops for the post of head of information-analytical department. Here, the officer was finally able to carry out long-held dream — come to grips with the preparation of regulations for the border troops. The fact that at the outpost in the border detachments were guided by army statutes and regulations Border Service, but the specifics of border guards different. Zastava no company, no detachment of the regiment, and especially not the division. The experience of fighting on the island of Sino-Soviet, and later in Afghanistan, where the border was conducted independent of the offensive, defensive and special border operations, has become a serious indication that the commanders in green caps need to have their own statutes Border Service.
Colonel Pleshko personally took over the combat experience, then to recycle it in the statutory provisions. He often flew to Afghanistan to areas where operated maneuverable air assault group of frontier troops and other units of border guards. In these dangerous missions, he carefully studied the problems of interaction with other branches of the military, public security departments of Afghanistan, a local self-defense forces. Could clock exploded, step by step, to analyze the course of an operation, staff officers helped to develop plans to cover up the border of the enemy, while trying to eliminate unnecessary risk. And that was just the work that he loved and understood.
Under the leadership of Constantine Pleshko information-analytical department of the headquarters of PT it became a kind of scientific and methodical center of improving the style of the operational activity of border authorities, to find new solutions to their problems. Interesting open horizons. Colonel Pleshko waiting for another increase, he has made out an idea for the post of Chief of Staff of the Baltic border district.
Nevertheless, when he was preparing to travel to the Baltic states, he suddenly unexpectedly offered the post of chief of staff does not border the Baltic Region, and the Transcaucasus.
We reasoned by the fact that there he will need.
And, as has always been in his service since epaulettes lieutenant colonel Pleshko replied curtly: «There!»
As time went on. District, where he served in office, now Major General Pleshko made significant progress in sluzhebno combat activities. As noted in the results of inspections of Moscow, largely due to his personal contribution. Konstantin often literally dnyuya and sleeping in the army, could really do a lot to improve border security. In particular, it is not established «paper», but a real, close and effective cooperation with the troops of the Transcaucasian Military District, what helped him a lot of experience gained during business trips to Afghanistan. In addition, together with the team to establish business contacts with local authorities, which contributed to the decision of many vital issues for border guards.
After this — another change of duty station. Activities and prospective major-general appointed to command the Trans-Baikal border districts. But after all the sharp turns of fate border not really had time to settle into his new position, when followed by an urgent call to Moscow. There he was asked. to return in the Caucasus and Priya at the beginning of the Transcaucasus Border District! This is explained by the deteriorating situation in the region, where inter-ethnic massacre actually started. What was needed was a strong, competent and not afraid of this word, a wise military leader, who will be able to act adequately in this situation and prevent a bloody civil strife.
So General Pleshko was in the situation «between two fires.» He was fully aware that the only competent, discreet, targeted actions can stop the flare up ethnic conflicts. It was necessary to show the greatest restraint, self-control, to prevent casualties among citizens rampaging through the fault of the border guards, stand not to give rise to the organizers of mass riots to overthrow the current government in Nakhichevan and Baku.
Management does not calculate the position entrusted to him. Konstantin detailed analysis of the situation, to act decisively and in cold blood, without succumbing to numerous provocations nationalists. It is, in fact, saved the Azerbaijani population of Armenia, which is the protection and evacuation of the border regions of Azerbaijan ensured his subordinates, under his own direct management.
Trying to extinguish the flame of ethnic conflict, the commander met with the leaders of Azerbaijan, Armenia, conducted productive negotiations on mutual concessions between the two peoples for centuries lived side by side. General, fated to become a diplomat, listened, agreed. Normal, sane people, when each separately. But then the situation escalated again, because politicians should «call of the times.»
In fact, we encouraged separatist circles then tear down the border, sweep to the ground anyone who interferes with that goal. Local nationalist press and politicians, in fact, instigated the people to the slaughterhouse, on the ethnic massacres.
In this situation, the border guards keep restraint. General Pleshko constantly monitoring the situation, informed the local authorities about preparing provocations at the border, reported on the emerging situation the leadership of frontier troops. Sure, all are informed senior officials of the state, knew enough to throw a match to the fire erupted. But the decisive instructions from above to stabilize the situation there was. Border District Commander took responsibility on his shoulders …
He had forgotten what free time and leisure. He slept fitfully. Looking back today, the busiest time, he noticed that a nap relatively calm could only be in a helicopter. He then flew continuously: in the frontier guards on the gates, at a meeting with representatives of local authorities, heads of various so-called People’s Front.
The leaders of the nationalists that were formed militias openly threatened border guards demanded to leave Azerbaijan. Their threats were not empty words. Even at the end of 1989, the New Year’s Eve, thousands of locals crowd along the entire Soviet-Iranian border area in a frenzy demolished signal-protective system, cut wire, cut down border posts. Border guards did not open fire. Why is that? Because frontier … broke the Soviet people. It seems to be Soviet. But such barbarity, such a massive betrayal of the story, it seems, is not yet known.
The commander of the border districts knew that with the tacit connivance of Soviet politicians guards simply forced to leave the Caucasus. Not only is there a direct threat to the security of military families.
In those years, the border guards were transferred to the Caucasus Army Motorized Infantry Division and of the Airborne. Only this power helped in the long run reliably cool the hot heads of local nationalists and their supporters from the adjacent side.
However, he says Lieutenant General Pleshko first motorized infantry and paratroopers-heartedly embraced the new challenges. This is understandable, because the situation was tense to the limit, uncertain and unfamiliar. And then General assembled troops, along with their wives in the garrison club. The conversation was long, trusting and frank. The general did not press authority, not throwing «the people» appeals and slogans, he just talked frankly human. All laid out on shelves, all told without embellishment. The wives of the officers returned to their homes, if not peace, then to some extent comforted and hopeful. In the military environment, honesty, openness and integrity commanders always highly valued.
Connections completely fulfilled its task, helped prevent mass transfer across the border to stop militants provocation and to protect the local community. The fact that this complex operation was organized and, most importantly, lossless — direct credit Lieutenant General Pleshko.
After the Caucasus, Lieutenant-General Konstantin Pleshko served in various management positions. He commanded the North-West Frontier District, led a group of border state of the Russian delegation at the talks with Estonia, was in the position of first deputy chief of staff of the Border Guards. He also created a group of Arctic border forces and for several years was her first boss, having to do very much. With the same positions in the left margin.
And so much has fallen to only one destiny! But it’s just small touches to the portrait of a man and a commander with a capital letter, able at the right moment to organize the people and take responsibility.