Kemphill «Svetlana» for special people does not look like a place where people usually live with a disability.
This is a neat village in the Leningrad region with barn, bakery and cheese factory. Annual maintenance costs of the village in 4 ~ 6 million rubles — a donation from Scandinavia and Russia.
In early childhood, Sasha was in a state of clinical death for 17 minutes. Doctors advised the mother to abandon it, but she did not give him to his feet. However, raising a son with a disability on a modest pension it was very hard, and my mother brought Sasha to the village «Svetlana» in 2006.
The village is situated in the Volkhov district, Leningrad region. It is the first settlement of international kemphillskogo movement in Russia, the second is near Smolensk, last year built the first house, and now there are six people living in a world of more than 150 villages first kemphill working with children founded in 1939 by psychiatrist Carl Koenig in Scotland in the pension Kemphill house in Aberdeen. And there arose the movement. At the heart of it — the theory of Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner. He offered to come primarily from the fact that every person — is the soul and the whole person. Not always, this person has the opportunity to show, but in every man there is a light. And the task of those who help special people — reveal this person to see the light. This is what says the village and the employee «Svetlana» Sarah Hagnauer responsible for finance. Calling himself the head or director she basically refuses, explaining that the «vertical» in the village, the community is unacceptable in principle, if it was taken as a basis, the wards in which not everything is intellectually or physically, turned out to the very bottom of the pyramid but this is not true. «In Kemphille no one could be more important or significant than others, just one turns out better than one, and the other — the other. The principle is this: I am getting from the community that I have, and I give what I can. If I can deal with finances, it does not mean that I’m better than the person who washes the toilets sometimes useful and I clean toilets, «- joked Sarah. She was born and raised in a village in England, where her parents worked.
In the «Svetlana» is now live 11 teachers, three children and 17 wards of employees with different diagnoses: Down syndrome, cerebral palsy, mental retardation, mental retardation, people with disabilities first and second groups since childhood. Sarah said that on the same site in English kemphille lived 110 people, so that the «Svetlana» has room to grow. The village began to build in the 1990s. It all started with the fact that in the 1980s the Norwegian student came to Leningrad to study and live in the family,
Scandinavian countryside list «Svetlana» about (30,000 a year where there was a child with a disability. She told her parents that in Norway there is the village for such children. Then the mother of the child, Svetlana went to Norway and began collecting information: how it is arranged in such villages. In the early 1990s, she found in the Leningrad region land area allocated to its long-term lease, construction funded by the Norwegian countryside, kemphilly.
«It’s been 1990, first found a some amount, and then someone else gave, someone borrowed,» — says Sarah. According to her, while some donors have allocated just $ 40,000. In Norway, she worked as a psychologist Margaret Engel, she told me all about the village «Svetlana» in Russia, said that it is necessary to collect the money, it is necessary to look for people and experts, and go to help, looking for agronomists. That has represented the interests of the village abroad. And experts came from Norway, the volunteers helped with the construction. Svetlana, who started it all, died, and the village was named in her memory.
Sarah first came here in 1993. She then studied at the University of Kiel in the UK in the Department of English and Russian literature. Upon learning that the first Russian built kemphillskaya village, decided to come for the summer holidays to work as a volunteer. She liked the mysterious Russian, she began to come every year, and when she graduated from university, came back and took for themselves the importance of the decision to stay.
The first house in the village brought in 1994 from Norway for 12 trucks. From 1992 to 2003, we built three houses, a farm, had a sewer, kitchen gardens, bought cows. Wards are living in four houses with staff and volunteers. Each house has its own name: House of Fridtjof Nansen, home of Fyodor Dostoevsky House Seraphim of Sarov.
In recent years, kemphillskie village in Scandinavia (about 20) cooperate with each other, and the total budget divided by those who need it. «Of the total budget of the villages in Scandinavia we get € 30,000 a year. That’s about 30% of the financing of the village. Yet we are helping families of wards, but the amount received from parents, is constantly changing. Working regularly send money, but there are those who do not work on the other hand, retains a part of the child pension (about 6,000 — 11,000 rubles a month) to live somehow. On average, the parents give the 17 wards from 7000 to 20,000 rubles per month per person.
In many villages, «Svetlana» depends on subsistence farming, it sometimes goes all the forces of volunteers, but to live a fully self-sufficient, of course, impossible. It turns the struggle for survival. Nevertheless the garden and the farm — it is a great help, svetlanovtsam manage to save up to 700,000 rubles per year: it is vegetables, and berries, and fruits, and dairy products. Going to have chickens to eggs were.
But in general, this village in Russia needs state support, infusion investors. Private investors are a little help: someone will pay the electric bill, someone will invite the wards and staff at the theater, someone transfer the money to the New Year. «There is a grandmother who each month lists us 200 rubles. Often, lists, and large sums — says Sarah. — One woman called, found out the account number, and three days later it was 80,000 rubles. It is the Russian reality, everything is unpredictable. Abroad, sometimes I do not believe when I tell how everything works. In Scandinavia, people pay a lot of taxes and assured that the state must deal with social issues. «
The day begins at eight in the morning with breakfast, and then at a general meeting of all discuss plans for the day and go to work: one on the farm who clean the yard, who bread oven or cheese making. Everyone does what he can to benefit others. Then drink tea and running again after lunch, free time who sleeps, who is walking. Then again, work and tea. A late afternoon all go to the workshops: drawing, singing, handicrafts anything.
In the village constantly seek volunteers and people who want to live in care. «This is a great my pain — to take new wards are now nowhere, despite wishing tree. We have all denied. And not only in the financing and construction of new buildings, but also in human resources. Rural life is quite complicated, and we’re all just doing their own «, — complains Sarah. One village in the ward costs 20,000 — 25,000 rubles per month. In 2012 svetlanovtsy spent his modest life of 6 million rubles, and this is more than usual donations came from Switzerland to € 16,000, to update the house, somewhere to replace windows, fitted kitchen.
The next dream — a minivan to travel to St. Petersburg, museums, theaters, fairs. The village has an old «Sobol», but the last time when children were returning from St. Petersburg (which is 150 km in one direction), lights went out and we had to stand in the dark on the road before dawn. The best option, according to Sarah, Volkswagen Crafter, but it’s worth 1.6 million rubles, but only 700,000 take the bus leasing village council feared: if it does not pay the full amount on time, you lose the car and the money. And the money is needed: rotted window, beds worn out since 1993, 20-year-old tractor could hardly breathe, manure for the new season have to be purchased. Sarah writes for grants in Norway, Switzerland, but the answer is no.
And the guys their needs. Sasha others, for example, dreams of a tape recorder. «We do not watch TV, and music I would listen. Here’s a need to. We listen to music. Will bring? «- He asks. Always need good films, materials for creative work, travel magazines.
Village often check: it will call fire inspection, the prosecutor’s office. «We have to somehow come a guy like hiding from the army, and I joked that we had to do the worst place, because there is always someone checks something» — says Sarah. But the defense held. Stood four years ago, when the earth has attracted some «man with money.» Then the media is very interested in the story — and the first channel, and «Novaya Gazeta» and the REN-TV and Petersburg Channel Five. Local businesses also helped — the joint efforts of the village defended.