Blooming gardens Kulunda steppe

Kulundinskie steppes are known for high yields, but less well known here and enemies of crops — dry winds, against which the collective and state farms lay shelterbelts.

Tree saplings of forest trees for this purpose grow Chistoozernoe plodopitomnichesky farm, Novosibirsk region. Initially, it was nursery. But since 1948 its staff grow trees of fruit crops. They reasoned: if there are growing elm and maple, why can not bloom and bear fruit apple tree?

Enthusiasts were among workers and professionals. Agronomists Koenig MD and ND Romanenko gave new cause of all the free time. Many have made tireless hands of ordinary workers and KS Pecherkin AN Nechkina.

Growing fruit trees in Siberia, with its bitter cold hard business.

The first garden laid on ten acres. It was polukulturki Anisik Omsk, Omsk Grushovka and others. Great was the joy of the pioneers of horticulture Kulunda when one day in the spring of the crown of young apple trees covered with white and pink flowers.

— Will your apples in the Siberian steppe! — Said the gardener. But their joy was soon replaced by sorrow: nursery was transferred to forestry, the new bosses would not hear about the gardens. .

Meanwhile, it was necessary to plant trees of new varieties, to replace dead, dug tree trunks, to fertilize the garden.

…The results of hard work appeared in 9 years — in 1957 collected 11 quintals of apples, 27 quintals of cherry, raspberry, currant. Joy seemed to have no end.

A year has passed, and the harvest of apples increased by 4 times, berries — 2.

In another began to look at the garden in the area and the region. And the decision of the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR nursery transformed into plodopitomnichesky farm. It multiplied the strength of gardeners.

A force was needed. State Farm received a lot of new technology that allows gardening began to lead at a higher level of farming. Better began to prepare the ground for planting trees, make better fertilizer, organized protecting them from severe frosts and rodents.

In 1958, the garden is spread over 75 hectares. By the beginning of this year, it was already 363 hectare!

In 1961, growers have collected 127 quintals of apples, and in 1962 — 540 quintals of cherries — 50 quintals.

It occupies 55 hectares of Siberian apple tree varieties (Ranetka purple, seedling pudovschiny, Invincible Grell, Ranetka red); 236 hectares — polukulturki (Anisik Omsk, Omsk Grushovka, Siberian Gold, Khoroshavka Ural filler, Yellow Cheldon); 44 hectares — European varieties in the form of creeping (Grushovka Moscow, Kursk Golden Reinette, Papirovka et al.), Many varieties of currants, raspberries, strawberries.

In 1959, from the sale of fruits and seedlings farm received 60 thousand rubles in net profit in 1962 under adverse weather conditions brought up a lot of planting material and seedlings of fruit crops sold 66 thousand, saplings and seedlings of ornamental plants 1,689,000 pieces. Net income amounted to 40 thousand rubles.

Planting material grown at the farm, happy to acquire farms Kupinsky, Tatar, Chany Karasuk and production departments. His removal and the next areas of Kazakhstan.

The staff of the farm, which is run by an experienced agronomist AI Holobes, is an active promoter of horticulture in Siberia.

With the help of experts of the farm gardens have appeared in many farms Kupinsky area. Well-developed garden Tabulginskom farm, collective Michurin and «Dawn» in Barabau Yudinskom-farm, farmers on private land and working farms. The farm «Chistoozernoe» no court, which would not have been planted garden.

Now the nursery occupies 18 hectares. There is growing 120 thousand seedlings. By 1965, the farm is about 800 hectares of gardens, the production of seedlings of fruit crops will reach 200 thousand.

Good harvest of fruits and berries grown in the garden.

Gardeners will spare no effort to ensure that their production has increased every year.

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