In front of me was a challenge to arrange storage of household goods, using the minimum quantity of furniture. It was the desire to make a new apartment as possible large, «air», not her closets and other «heavy» items.
Project. As a solution to one of the rooms you selected closet on the wall. And initially I aim was to make it so that it is harmoniously combined with the overall design of the room.
Therefore, when designing the wardrobe were selected following criteria:
• Facades from a natural tree with mirror;
• Hardware of high quality;
• effective use of the internal space of the cabinet (no falshstenok, double floors, hanging baskets, etc.).
I wanted to get a universal storage, functional and convenient in everyday use.
Cabinet dimensions: length — 3360 mm, height — 2760 mm, depth — 800 mm. Doors «eat» 70 mm deep, so pure depth is 730 mm, which is enough to accommodate almost any cabinet affairs.
The cabinet consists of three vertical sections and one narrow vertical section without shelves — for long items. One of the sections contains a built-in dresser.
This results in a «very personal» project, which carry furniture companies either refused or assigned disproportionately high price. Therefore, as in the case of the desk, which I did before, it was decided to implement the project on its own. Besides the work on the wardrobe coincided with the summer vacation of our 15-year-old son Dmitry, and he has been involved in it for the full program,
I chose for the cabinet:
Guides • and accessories for doors — from the system raumplus;
• facades — panels of an array of bras shirovannoy larch (width 135 mm, length 3000 mm, 12 mm thick) and reinforced the mirror;
• paints and varnishes — Sayerlack;
• for interior designs — furniture boards of pine 18 mm.
Internal filling cabinet. First, parts of the walls, trapped inside the cabinet, were plastered and covered with vinyl wallpaper for painting white space to be light and easy.
Then it was made the first section of the width of 880 mm, which includes a chest of drawers. To the right of it — the narrow vertical section width of 210 mm. Bearing walls are made of pine furniture boards width of 600 mm and length 2750 mm. That is on top left a gap of 10 mm that the tree has been able to «breathe».
For ceiling panels are attached with metal corners, and at the bottom — shkantami to 18 mm plywood, on which are stacked in the room plank flooring (inside the cabinet there are none). By the walls of the room panels and shelves are not fastened.
Shelves are attracted to the walls Furniture screed (three on each side), between which are added for better fixation dowel (two on each side). Holes drilled in the first boring machine one piece, and then inserted into the hole of metal markers applied to adjacent parts and rap hammer. It appeared clearly visible markings on the drilled holes for dowels response.
The number and arrangement of shelves chose to fit their needs. Taken into account at the same time that they should not be much, since an increase in the number of sections of reduced height, and it is at great depth, can create difficulties in using them.
Then, six boxes were made «chest.» Their height — 180 Width — 820 Depth — 600 mm. The gaps between the boxes on height — 15 mm. The total height of the chest of drawers — 1275 mm. He received a spacious and to the boxes were strong, their bottoms, as well as the walls, made of furniture boards.
Set the boxes on the roller guide 600 mm long with a load capacity of 60 kg. Runners chose detachable, so if you need a box can be completely removed from the chest. To crates with time did not come off with the guide because of vibrations and small deformations associated with changes in humidity in the room, I additionally sealed side walls between the third and fourth boxes threaded rods 010 mm.
Details of the boxes are connected to each other Furniture screed. For corner joints by means of milling machines chose quarter the ends of the side walls and front and back walls of the butt-fastened. To fix the bottom in the side and front walls made groove width (about 15 mm) is slightly smaller than the thickness of the bottom, and at the very bottom of the three relevant parties chose a quarter. After such preparation the bottom of the grooves twitched into place and attached to the back wall.
Since the depth of the internal space of the cabinet 730 mm and a depth of drawers — 600 mm, the problems with setting knobs on the drawers have arisen.
The next step was metered, manufactured and installed all the elements of the two left bays. In their lower parts are installed under the hanger rod. Long shelf made on the indented
10 mm from the left wall. By the wall, she, like a short shelf left compartment is attached to the metal parts, and the right — to the supporting wall — in three furniture coupler, and two dowels between them.
In the mid-section of the pole is installed backup — Front of timber 100×100 mm. The partition here I did not put to maintain a single volume of the wardrobe.
The top wall (above post) is attached to the metal parts of the ceiling and the bottom to the shelf — in furniture screeds. Their number (three on each side of the column), I extend to heavy loads arose strain shelves.
Hanger rods are connected to the B-pillar, a wall on the left and right of the vertical shield. Once everything was assembled, I tested the strength of the structure — laid on the shelves and in boxes heavy objects, and left for a few days. The test was successful.
The whole structure was then disassembled, parts are polished and lacquered. Luck chose colorless, in order not to obscure the inside of the cabinet and keep the warmth of pine wood. In my opinion, large areas of pine in the processing of stains only lose, unlike precious woods.
To make the surfaces maximum durability apply varnish in three layers. After the first layer of the surface polished to remove the rising pile. After the second layer polishing repeated, but finer sandpaper to impart surface smoothness. And after the third layer induces a final gloss sponge Scotch-Brite. Finishing work, as well as cutting boards fret, son served.
Facades. When all the elements are ready to fill the cabinet, I had gathered and started manufacturing facades. To mark the perimeter of the opening and align on which was supposed to fix the guide sliding doors, I used the bars section 50×80 mm. On the sides and bottom placed one by one, but the top — two bars. This is due to the fact that the headlining «eat» about 40 mm, plus a drop height of the ceiling at different wall is about 10 mm. Therefore (to visually closet did not seem hard-nosed in the ceiling, and had never rushed level difference) and two bars were packed on one another.
Fit the bars (electroplane) in place, collect them from something like a frame around the perimeter of the opening. Then, cut to length guides and screws attached to the bar. After making the appropriate measurements, I made the door. Their width was 1100, the height — 2590 mm. Cloths (two wooden and one mirror) on the perimeter framed with metal sections.
Wooden doors are assembled from wall panels, the edges of which the rear side cutter processed so that they were in tight aluminum profiles. A panel joined together in the «tongue and groove.»
Since the width of the doors was chosen for reasons of symmetry, in the fabric do not put a whole number of panels. Therefore, it is of them had to be customized in width, and they have to get a little rest. The sequence of operations was:
• fully assembled doors frames of the profiles and check their installation dimensions;
• Place the frame on the floor and had dismantled one vertical bar;
• sliced panel of desired length, then on the sides that went into the grooves of profiles cutter picked quarter;
• panel inserted into the frame by tapping with a hammer through a wooden block is one, then the other end;
• Last bar customized in width, choose quarters and set into the frame, then remove the profile frame is set in place;
• numbered panel pencil frame completely unraveled and removed sections with panels;
• painted panels;
• Repeat assembly with painted panels.
The mirror was made to order and placed in the frame in a special sealing profile silicone (sold in the same place and aluminum components).
Painting of fronts follows. First, all the wooden surfaces are treated with light brown stain. Then coated with a primer layer of a diluted paint (water-based one-component). Varnish should dry very well. On top lacquer brush gets in the dark patina of the selected color. Patina should also be completely dry. Then gently, without strong pressure, clean off the patina fine sandpaper (or sponge). Then he inflicted two more coats of varnish. Most surfaces are not polished. Due to this treatment the surface boards got light silky pearlescent.
At the top of the closet, I found three halogen lamp. Provision for them lies with the back of the ceiling bars.
This results in a very roomy and functional wardrobe, blending in well with the overall style of the room decoration.