Electro capacity framework

In the journal «Beekeeping» № 7 of 1961 g.opisan method elektronaraschivaniya framework in which to reduce the need to have a voltage transformer. Lower the voltage is possible without a transformer. Here’s how.

Liter or three-liter glass jar filled with water, and dissolved therein a pinch of salt. The water is lowered two cords with stripped ends. The free end of the cord inserted into the power grid, and the second with the help of the plug with a pin attached to a wire frame in place of its lower output. The third wire is attached from the network (the plug with one pin) to the wire frame at the site of the upper exit. Thus, when the current from the network passes through the solution and through the wire frame and solder it into honeycombs. The wire coming out of the box, connected to the switch, fortified on a small blackboard.

The voltage applied to the frame, can be increased or decreased by increasing or decreasing the fortress of the salt solution in the bank.

The wire frame is inserted into the pin cuts electric wires as shown in the diagram.

Thereafter, over the wire lay doskulekalo honeycombs serving press, and include current for 2-3 seconds. The board should be slightly shorter than the honeycomb sheet. Through the gaps between the board and the side fruits of the scope of the beekeeper monitors the level of soldering wire in honeycombs to promptly turn off the current. .

When electricity build honeycombs is not attached to the upper frame bar, pull the wire and the top at a distance of 8-10 mm from it.

The scheme is simple device for electric capacity framework.

Electro build frames faster than any other way and did not spoil the honeycombs.

Subject to the simplest rules of handling the current electricity capacity is completely safe, but the job to trust young people and students should not be.

Klapkan is an oblong box size 250XI00 X X50 millimeters ;. Bottom, cover and rear panel made of plywood, face stenki- of plates with thickness of 4 mm. The front side of the glass box (see. Fig.). The glass plate must be long-sized device, and shirinu- 20 millimeters higher.

The upper, lower and side walls 5 of the box drilled holes. The upper and lower walls of the inner side portion of the metal barred grid, the side — are visible. Against these holes 5-6 millimeters from the wall of a reinforced box camouflage plank.

Coasting around the hive from all sides, pchёlyvorovki sit on the trap and attempt to get into the nest of bees through its holes. To his goal, however, get no bee can not, in the same trap many fall into. Hence, they immediately try to fly, but not through the openings, which included (they are hidden from their eyes planks), and through the glass box. After many attempts to find a way out of the captives and rushes away from the hive. The desire to steal disappears and the bees, shake out of the trap, after a long stay in it.

Trap hang over the tap hole so that it is flat against the glass wall to prilёtnoy board and would form a light corridor with exits to bees on both sides.

Strangers attacking bees in the apiary are predominantly bezvzyatochnye periods of the season. At this time, untimely and prolonged examination of sick and weak families, inept distribution of dressing left in the apiary honeycomb and so on. N. — The main causes of bee thefts.

Multihull hives in the apiary US

1) to provide adequate housing for the bees;

2) to promote more productive work of the beekeeper.

To satisfy the first requirement is incomparably easier than the second. * Dat enough bees, the necessary volume of a box, and they are well spend the winter there and zapasut about as much honey as in the refined, modern hive. However, this primitive hive as well as countless design, invented by amateur beekeepers all over the world, as a rule, does not meet the second requirement: the possibility to organize a quick and efficient work in the care of bees and get a cheap commodity products.

In the United States in the face of fierce competition for the most cheap products beekeepers manufacturers have developed a system of care for the bees, which allows one person to serve several hundred hives.

A number of methods may be useful for our collective and state beekeepers who are interested to provide the country with as much as possible cheap, high-quality honey. This can be achieved by increasing productivity and reducing the cost of production of beekeeping.

The system of care for the bees in the US is based on the use of the same type of hive. This is an advanced multiple-hive. It is widespread in the amateur and particularly in industrial apiaries.

Have the apiary standard node of the same type is important for many reasons. One of them — this is the interchangeability of parts of the hives, allowing the beekeeper does not have to spend time on the regrowth of buildings, roofs and other parts. Standard hive, in addition, makes it possible once and for all to adapt to working with him all the technical equipment of the apiary. Hive multihull with a flat roof is suitable for migrations and this is its great advantage over other types of hives.

One of the main reasons for the spread of the hive multiple effect on apiaries US is the simplicity of its structure. This hive family care easier and reduces the number of operations at work. All of this eventually leads to time and cost savings. That hive multihull lies at the heart of the system that allows US beekeepers industrialists receive. a large number of cheap honey.

That is why it is so important to introduce multihull hives in the apiary of our country.

Beekeepers US manufacturers try to avoid the methods of driving the bees, which are associated with complex manipulations or require special equipment. That is the way they achieve lower costs of labor and cost savings. Accurate accounting of expenses and income allows them to evaluate the effectiveness of a particular method. Maximum time savings should not, however, overshadow the beekeeper from the fact that all developed and applied techniques and methods based on complex biological features of the colony to be considered.

American beekeeper Charles Gouget proposed a system of methods of care for the bees, which allows to avoid unnecessary manual work, save time and still obtain a sufficiently clear when viewed from the data on the status of each colony. Its application is the most labor-intensive for the beekeeper swarming period. At this time slot occupies two housings. Inspection should be carried out on a warm day of 10 to 15 hours. It is necessary to stipulate that the common, unified system of measures for all areas, there can be. Using existing methods of caring for bees, every beekeeper should take into account the specific conditions in which it is located apiary (climate, food supply, equipment and so on. D.).

Below are listed in sequence with the steps multihull hives, which recommends Charles Gouget.

1. Before you start to become a beekeeper at the side wall of the hive, so as not to obscure his body workplace and view mezhramochnye space.

2. hive is necessary to remove the roof and put it on the ground to the right or left side of the top of the ground. This is done in order to shoot subsequently the housing could be placed on an inverted roof and found themselves on the lower rails framework bees and sometimes the uterus, did not fall to the ground and not get lost.

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