To save, you have to spend

The state program on energy conservation was adopted three years ago, and talk about saving energy in the country being particularly active in the last fifteen years. Relevance of the topic is clearly visible against the background of comparison to produce one dollar of GDP, in our country, spent half a kilogram of conventional fuel, while in the US — 260 gram, -170 in Sweden, and in comparable climate Canada — 300 grams. So Russia will definitely have something to strive for.

Country.

Foreign countries are thinking about the economy is not a good life, and after the first fuel and energy crisis of the early 70-ies. It was then taken to the European national programs to improve energy efficiency. Since then, they have made significant progress in this area: the European Union in 2020 intends to increase the share of renewable energy by 20% and as much to improve energy efficiency economy. However, there is the government subsidizing the generation capacity to whet their interest in using biomass and other alternative fuels. However, not so long ago, on the eve of the heating season, because of the budget deficit subsidy program began to slip, and a reduction of state subsidies announced first Holland, and behind her, and Poland. With regard to renewable sources in our country, you will soon generate based on them are going to allow the wholesale market.

Domestic energy-saving program includes a whole layer of measures broken down by sectors of the economy: it’s training, and replacing inefficient equipment with modern, and development of innovative technologies and the establishment of accounting and monitoring, inspection of buildings and so on. G., Up to the education of the population in the spirit stewardship and economy. World Bank study shows that the energy saving potential of Russia — more than 40% of the total energy consumption.

Of course, for everything it required a lot of money: the cost of the program — 9,5 trillion rubles. From the federal budget for these purposes until 2020, it is planned to allocate 70 billion rubles .: 35 billion for the five-year period starting from 2011. Subjects have to fork out another 625 billion rubles. In July, the government has supported regional program, highlighting the subjects of 28 federal grants worth over 5.6 billion rubles.

But the lion’s share — 90% — falls on the so-called off-budget sources, ie funds of enterprises and owners.

Branch.

Experts say the two pitfalls in the implementation of the program: lack of funds and lack of motivation. Where such motivation is present, energy conservation and efficient given close attention. The steel industry, for example, is very energy-intensive, and metallurgists have long been working to improve the energy efficiency of its plants, as the law requires an extremely competitive market. In engineering, a different situation: the share of energy costs in the range of 6-15 fluctuates% and energy savings does not apply to strategic objectives.

Level with metallurgists of energy consumption is the housing sector, where turnover — more than 4 trillion rubles. per year, while the share of the country’s GDP is 7%, but the productivity of the utility can not boast — not the motivation. Source capex — rent — a question not so much economic as political: it is impossible to thoughtlessly raise tariffs in a country where the average salary — 27 thousand. Rub. Meanwhile, of the three billion square meters of housing 90% of the country built in the last century, before the adoption of energy efficiency programs. Two-thirds of the country’s heat is used for heating buildings, a third of the loss which falls on the communal.

Until 2020, for the modernization of municipal infrastructure, the Government intends to allocate from the federal budget more than 24 billion rubles., And another 15 billion rubles. to finance programs of the Fund of assistance to reforming housing and communal services.

City.

As energy consumption among the world’s leading metropolises of Paris and Moscow, who spend a year more than six tonnes of oil equivalent per capita. The most economical citizens — Asians: Shanghai and Hong Kong spend about 2.5 tons, and Delhi and did 0.3 tons of oil equivalent per capita per year.

Turning on energoeffetivnye rails, Russia is funding pilot projects to build economical buildings. ‘Smart’ homes all over the country built fifty. Three years ago, launched a project titled «Energy Efficient Quarter» in four cities: Vorkuta, Kazan, Tyumen and Apatity — in order to later expand the scale of the experiment is to «effectively the city.» In the Murmansk region under the experiment were more than 300 thousand sq. M. meters of housing, which is a partial upgrade sent 2.3 billion rubles. The money went to energy audits, installation of metering devices and repair of buildings — from the roof to the windows in the stairwell. In Tyumen, from 440 million allocated for the overhaul of 42 experimental buildings, disbursed 245 million rubles. Experts admit that even on a small scale only at experimental sites, the project is moving with difficulty. In Russia, the participants of the market, do not have their materials, their equipment, the domestic production base. To create it, too, need state support. However, if the plans come true, and by 2020 Russia will have at least one energy-efficient city, the country will save about 10% of gas.

Company.

Energy audits in enterprises carried out in order to have an objective before his eyes, a complete picture of the energy loss. For example, older companies where engineering systems were increased following the extension of the production, the communication received very heterogeneous and complex and require modernization.

Auditors offer technical solutions leveling daily bursts of resource consumption, excluding idle operation of the equipment, such as a breakdown of one machine for a few who work together only in the peak load in series is disabled in periods of recession.

Modular thermal automatic control system pays off within a year and a half. Approximately the same time, according to the calculations of the auditors, can pay for itself the modernization of the ventilation system. Faster, less than six months, pay off the PVC-curtain at the entrance to the production shop. Nice pool — local lighting jobs. Experts estimate that if three quarters of the general lighting to replace the local, thus replacing the lamp 1000W 80-watt, saving (depending on the number of lighting devices), more than half the cost of lighting production facilities.

Each company will have its own investment, but overall a decent size for productions that spend energy of several hundred million rubles a year, the estimate of priority actions «pull» a quarter of these costs with ROI and a half or two years. But then the money invested will bring annual savings, it is comparable to a time spent on modernization.

The timetable for the introduction in the first place, experts advise to put measures with short payback periods and total investment of not more than half of the total budget. Then all subsequent, more «expensive» steps will be carried out at the expense of savings from the introduction.

Olga Harcheko, leading specialist Sales of HC «SDS-Mash» (Prokopyevsk):

«Lighting the LED of» Elektroprom «our holding company began to produce three years ago. Originally equipped with the holding of production sites, and now go to the municipal level: covered three streets of Novokuznetsk, we plan to work in the area of ​​Novokuznetsk. This market is very competitive, but we offer our customers a turnkey job. For this purpose, a special working team. The advantages of LEDs our businesses felt the. Here in front of me the calculation of the economic efficiency of the branch of «Altaivagon.» «Cost of lamps» hardly incline specialist in favor of their acquisition: LED will cost 14 times more expensive. But the next line — «Annual energy consumption» — makes one think — five times the savings! And if the one-time installation costs, the savings — Annual. Less disposal costs — 32 thousand. Rub. I’m not talking about the hygienic side of the issue, because the degree of coverage of a large shop, especially during certification of jobs — a very important question. «

Alexander Baev, director of chess and checkers club name Chigorin (Kiselevsk):

«Energy Passport Club, subject to the requirements of law, we have made two more years ago. However, the document that had little impact on energy savings. On the contrary, for the services of energy auditors had to spend 50 thousand. Rub. It seems to me, to encourage energy conservation should work the other motivators. Here we have two shops in the neighborhood are located. Their owners are now going to set the local clubbing boiler to heat their premises, so as not to depend on the utility boiler, tariffs for services is constantly growing. However, the firm that conducted the survey of our building, offered his own expense to install indoor heat counter. The fact that the building of our Stalinist buildings, ceilings are very high and temperature is not maintained, and for heat we pay monthly about forty thousand. Over the counter, we certainly would save on payments for heat and a part of these savings would be shared with the company, leaving himself another. Everyone would benefit. But for some reason, this proposal was not accepted. «

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