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What is play

We can think of it as work’s opposite. And thanks to Marx, we know that work is the transformation of nature into socially useful resources. Work is what makes the world ours. Play is an exchange of meanings that makes the world of socially useful things worth using.

In his 1938 study Homo Ludens, Dutch historian and cultural theorist Johan Huizinga argues that play is a primary condition of culture: he identifies the «play elements» in various forms of art and entertainment as traces of a primordial human drive. Huizinga argues that play can be set aside from ordinary life,

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What is light pollution?

Dave Ridgley

Light pollution is excessive or misdirected artificial light. It comes from a number of sources, from streetlights to external lighting. The majority of light pollution comes from lights either being pointed upwards or the light bouncing off of objects and scattering into the sky. With the main sources being street lights and illuminated buildings it is obvious that light pollution is considerably worse in heavily developed areas.

Excessive light pollution can have some notable effects, one being ‘skyglow’. Skyglow is the name given to the phenomenon of a glow effect that is often seen over populated areas. This

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WHAT IS HE BUILDING

DOWN THERE?

HALFAAMPIESKRAAL IS A WORKING GUEST FARM WHERE SURPRISE IS PART OF THE COLLECTION OF FURNITURE…

There’s a farm in the Overberg that never sleeps. It’s always busy there. If the owners aren’t converting the farmhouse, the outbuildings or the barn into a lively party and wedding venue, they’re rearranging the furniture. Or the potted plants. And now, rumour has it, they have something new up their sleeve-and it sounds intriguing…

You can safely bet on the good morning crow of an out-of-time rooster when you visit Halfaampieskraal. But that’s it, and that’s good. For the rest of your

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What Is an Inclusive Culture?

Resoundingly, the CEOs agreed on what an inclusive culture meant for their organizations. They defned it as one in which employees can contribute to the success of the company as their authentic selves, while the organization respects and leverages their talents and gives them a sense of connectedness. “In an inclusive culture employees know that, irrespective of gender, race, creed, sexual orientation, and physical ability, you can fulfll your personal objectives by aligning them with the company’s, have a rich career, and be valued as an individual. You are valued for how you contribute to the business,” said

David Thodey

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What if… communism had failed?

What if the Bolsheviks hadn’t come to power in Russia?

The Bolshevik uprising was a coup d’etat, a power seizure. The masses were not involved in any way and, in fact, the general public did not know that anything was happening. If you read the newspapers from that time you find that the theatres were operating, there were concerts, and nobody knew what was happening. It was [just] a real power seizure. So I think if the Bolsheviks had not seized power in November 1917, the most likely scenario is that the military — the officers — would have overthrown

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What if you could go online and order your new house — pick out the layout and all the fixtures, the styles of doors and windows, and then have it delivered? A century ago you could, through the magic of the Eatons catalogue.

A History — Eaton’s Houses

This was the pioneer equivalent of buying online. You could buy just about anything out of the Eaton’s catalogue, from farm equipment to children’s toys. You simply checked off your order, mailed it in, then picked it up down at the railway station. Buying a house by mail was no different, albeit a bit trickier than ordering a sewing machine or a suit. For one thing, what they sent you was essentially a big pile of wood and some nails, so a certain amount of assembly was required.

How much assembly depended on from whom

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