USS Truman goes to sea.

THE AIRCRAFT CARRIER is the centrepiece of the naval battle group, commanded by a flag officer. It is the most powerful weapons system in any country’s military arsenal and can be deployed anywhere in the world with both conventional and nuclear capabilities. The traditional battle group consists of one aircraft carrier, two cruisers, four destroyers, two attack submarines and a combat support ship. In 1917 the first aircraft carrier, a British warship named Furious, set to sea, but it was 1922 before the United States received its first aircraft carrier with the conversion of the Navy’s battle-cruiser USS Langley. Since

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USN to acquire more Hawkeyes

ALTHOUGH NEW GRUMMAN E-2 Hawkeye production was expected to cease 12 months ago, the US Navy is now seeking to acquire 36 more E-2Cs. These will be purchased at the rate of four per year, with the first examples expected to be funded in FY1995. It had previously been planned to upgrade existing USN Hawkeyes to extend their service life until it was revealed that this could cost up to two-thirds of the cost of a new E-2C.

In anticipation of the USN order, Northrop Grumman has commenced transfer of the E-2C production line from its existing location at Calverton,

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USMC Harrier II Plus funding

MCDONNELL DOUGLAS ANNOUNCED on May 16 that it had received a $102 million contract award for remanufacture of four existing AV-8B airframes to Harrier II Plus standard. The contract forms the first phase of the upgrade of 73 USMC AV-8Bs to the new radar-equipped, night-attack configuration in a $1.7 billion deal which will be completed in 2002. It had previously been planned that all 114 of the USMC’s earlier AV-8Bs would be upgraded but funding cutbacks have reduced this figure.

Upgrading takes around 12 months per airframe and includes fitting a new fuselage, which is considered a cheaper alternative to

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Using Journeys to Differentiate

Identifying the journeys that matter most can be beneficial even when companies don’t have a nagging customer service problem – the effort can help them find a competitive differentiator. One car rental agency wanted to improve its already good service and distinguish itself from its competitors in light of the increasingly commoditized nature of the industry. Its investigation into what mattered to customers highlighted the airport pickup, a journey that might take less than an hour but that crossed a half-dozen or more touchpoints. The most important aspect was the end-to-end speed of service, from bus to rental counter to

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Use manual focus

Take some time to learn when manual focus is the better option, and how thinking about focus distance can lead to better images

THE VAST majority of photographers take autofocus for granted, but it wasn’t that long ago that manual focus was the only option. And it still has a huge part to play, particularly if you want to get the most accurate images possible.

For some subjects, manual focusing will be far too slow. However, it’s great for the type of shots that most enthusiasts take on a regular basis. You may even find the manual method faster and

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Using a variety of eclectic containers lends interest to decorative floral arrangements by Christina Noll

We all know that flowers and plants are a wonderful way ro brighten up the home but if you want to take it a step further, decorative containers make a variety of different statements.

“Anybody can do this,” says Marsha Koller, owner of Koller Communications. Marsha is part of the Down to Earth Garden Club but she considers the designs she creates in decorative containers a hobby. It started when a friend asked her to get involved with Art in Bloom at the University of Kentucky, a program where participants interpret a piece of art work in a floral design.

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Use Adobe Lightroom to organise images

We explore the options for tagging, sorting and filtering your photos in this popular Adobe app

We are all guilty of snapping away at every opportunity, which can lead to hundreds or even thousands of images on our computers waiting to be sorted. It’s a laborious task at the best of times, but luckily there are software programs that can help you out.

Adobe’s Photoshop Lightroom software was originally conceived to be a pure photo-management application, helping you to organise large collections of images. It has progressed massively since then, and now includes editing functions as well as multiple sharing

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Use a creative film effect on your photos

Make digital photos look like they have been processed from film with DxO Film Pack 4.

Processing your images from a roll of film used to be the only way to produce photos, and different makes of film gave your captures a different look and feel. DxO’s FilmPack 4 editing software makes it easy to recapture the quality, style, colours and grain of some of the most famous analogue films to give your digital images a classic look.

There are 38 colour and 26 black-and-white effects to choose from in the Expert edition, emulating the characteristics of films from the

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USB Hard Drive Hootenanny

Hard drives you can actually smack down


The LaCie Rugged Mini we tested is a 1TB 5,400rpm drive that features a classic brushed-aluminum housing with USB 3.0 and LED activity indicators. The bright, removable rubber case makes this hard drive resistant to drops from four feet, which matches the Transcend StoreJet’s durability. Its two-year war­ranty is the shortest of the three drives in our roundup, though.

LaCie’s bundled software is bare- bones, and offers a power-saving utility and Genie Timeline backup software. Genie Timeline provides a simple inter­face with the option for a hierarchical

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USAFE Base Closure

THE PLANNED RETURN to the Ministry of Defence, as expected, of RAF Upper Heyford, Oxon and the partial return of RAF Alconbury, Cambs by the United States Department of Defence was announced formally on May 7. In addition, the US Navy will withdraw from its facility at RAF Brawdy and control of High Wycombe air station will transfer from the USAF to the USN.

Withdrawal of the 20th FW F-l 1 IE aircraft from Upper Heyford to the USA and the base’s reversion to standby status by the end of 1993 had previously been announced in 1991. Now the USAF

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