First aid for hypothermia

First aid for hypothermia

and stay warm do not ignore it, do not try to put the squeeze on, do not make a last effort to reach remove damaging factors — in the home, in a tent, in a sleeping bag, a jacket together … slow to warm (not hot in the bath!) warm sleeping bag, warm sweet drink and food. if unconscious — to put a hot or warm the body, a person must be in the recovery position — on his side. Call an ambulance.

Signs and symptoms

intense shivering loss of coordination difficulty speaking mood

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First aid in case of foreign bodies, and eye injuries

When damage to the eye or age required quick action.

Incised wounds or eyes century

Cover the injured eye clean seal (eg, a folded handkerchief) and loosely secure it with a bandage. Cover the other eye to stop the movement of the eyeball. Call for medical help.

Blows to the eye

Provide first help, as is the case with cut wounds, but instead of a dry bandage put on a cold compress damaged eye.

Contact corrosive chemicals in the eye

If your eye splashes any corrosive chemicals (such as detergent or cleaner), immediately rinse them with plenty of cold

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First aid for wounds and bleeding

Little blood -> risk of infection -> washed and bandaged

Example: tore knee

Wash any suitable colorless liquid that can be drunk for dressings clean (relatively) fabric

A lot of blood-> the risk of blood loss-> compressive bandage

Example: struck with a knife on the finger

If you continue to ooze blood, still impose a bandage and pressed hard do not remove the bandage is made wet

Fountain-> very rapid loss of blood-> clamp the artery tourniquet

Designated clamping of the arteries:

The bottom third of the shoulder The upper third

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First aid for angina

What if you started attack?

If the chest pain started during exercise, it is necessary to immediately stop (usually it happens by itself.) Next, you need to sit or lie down and take comfortable position. Undo constraining clothes, ask around to open the window (if followed by a minus 40). It is very important during the attack remain calm. If your doctor prescribed some medicine for the removal of an attack (Isoketum, Nitromintum), you should take him first to the minimum dose. If no effect after 5 minutes, you can take it again. Do not immediately start with

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First aid for thermal burns

First-aid

remove striking factor! cool the burn 1 and 2 degree — cool tap water 10-15 Minutes, 3 and 4 — net moist dressing, then cool off with a bandage in standing water close wet bandages peace and anti-shock measures

Signs and symptoms

pain redness of the skin — 1 degree blisters — Grade 2 wound — the blisters burst — Grade 3 charring and the lack of sensitivity — Grade 4

1 hand = 1% of the affected body

 

Burn the airway is assumed to be 30% burns 1 —second degree

What NOT to do Do

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First aid for injury

In the case of an open fracture, first treat the injury as a wound, then as an injury.

Since we are not X-ray uncle, then a fracture, sprains, strains, bruises and m n treat as a fracture.

Immobilization

Rule Zyu letters. It is necessary to fix the position in which the deformed limb. Tire applied so to fix the joint before and after fracture. The materials at hand foam, cardboard, creating a kind of boxes, empty seats are hammering rags. We fix the fracture plane. Not reduce a dislocation of, treat as a fracture. Maybe more blood

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First aid for shock

Any first aid includes anti-shock measures:

calm, if in the minds of warm — a blanket, warm clothing (even in summer, a person gets cold) lay on your back and lift your feet (if you do not mind and head injuries, neck and spine) give a warm sweet drink monitor the status of Signs and symptoms of shock

Phase 1 — excitement

face red patient is torn screams, swears pulse full, 80-90 breathing rapid, profound an inadequate response

Phase 2 — Braking

pale face sharply nasolabial triangle blue chills lethargy, drowsiness lack of movement Skin cold

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The first few days at home

So, a new member of your family has finally home! Proud dad met you with a child on the threshold of the hospital. Here he makes a solemn precious bundle home and … for some reason you stopped in a daze.

Despite the fact that the long nine months, you have been waiting for this moment, now for some reason have no idea what to do. Breastfeed? What if he did not have enough milk? Bathe? Or maybe even sooner? And scary at all — it is so small, fragile, helpless … What if something happens to him?

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The first visit to the orthopedist

The first orthopedic examination of the child is held, usually in 3 months — up to this point podiatrist usually hard to do any conclusions about its development. However, there are boundary conditions that can be detected in the first week of life, in these cases, the early start of rehabilitation will be the key to further the child's welfare.

Let's do a joint orthopedic examination of your baby. First, let's see how the baby is lying in bed: know whether the body, we see that he is calm, and examine it, they say, from head to toe.

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Penile fracture

What plagues not only the main subject matter of pride of all men. The penis can be rubbed, pinched, hurt, dislocate and break even.

In fact, fracture penis — neither more nor less than the cavernous gap (cavernous) bodies, tunica and sometimes the urethra. This is the most serious injury of male reproductive organ.

Causes

Although penile fractures occur in the practice of medicine does not happen very often, to break it all as you can. This danger penis is exposed in a state of erection, almost all fractures are closed. The most common place of injury — of

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