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Allergic-sample

Allergic-tests (skin tests for allergies)— mandatory testing for any form of allergic diseases. It has been conducted in order to determine the sensitivity of the individual person to different allergens.

Which diseases allergological tests administered?

The study indicated for the following allergic diseases:

bronchial asthma (manifested labored breathing, choking, shortness of breath); hay fever — chronic or seasonal (spring, summer) (manifested runny nose, frequent sneezing, itching of the nose or nasal congestion); food allergy (manifested by itching and rashes on the skin); allergic rhinitis (runny nose appears), conjunctivitis (in itching and redness of the eyes, watery eyes);

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Allergic profile

Allergic profile — immunological blood test that can diagnose the early stages of allergic diseases and to identify the major allergens.

What indicators are included in the allergenic profile?

Total IgE (immunoglobulin E total) and specific IgE (specific immunoglobulin E) — the antibody responsible for allergic reactions.

What is the specific IgE?

Allergy to household, pollen, food and other allergens accompanied by the appearance of antibodies (immunoglobulins — Ig) class E. In patients allergic diseases the level of specific IgE-antibodies dramatically increased.

What are the indications for analysis?

Allergic diseases: bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis, eczema, food

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Hello, we are looking for talent!

Almost every mom is convinced that her daughter — a genius, talent and, in general, is a miracle of nature. But how to open these gifts and how to help them implement? These issues concern mother no less than the health of her daughter or academic success. Here are a few tips that may be useful in addressing this challenge.

From the first steps

Very often the child's interests and talents appear quite early and stay with him for life. For example, if your daughter started drawing before going, and still covers all your notebooks images princesses and animals,

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Amebiasis (amebic dysentery)

What is it?

Amebiasis (amebic dysentery) — a disease caused by a single-celled parasite tissue-dissolving amoeba (Entamoeba histolytica). Parasite affects the large intestine. It occurs everywhere, but more often in countries with a hot climate.

Amebamozhet exist in two forms:

trophozoite — active form, lives in the intestinal contents, are not viable outside the human body. cyst — inactive form, , with the help of cysts is the spread amebiasis.

Trophozoites may cause diarrhea (diarrhea) and thus output of the human body. If diarrhea develops, the trophozoites become hard cysts that are excreted in the feces.

Infection occurs through

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Amniotomy (opening membranes)

Amniotomy — an artificial opening membranes. This obstetric surgery should be carried out under strict indications. According to statistics, in hospitals amniotomy make about 7% of all births.

Statement

Indications amniotomy may occur both during pregnancy and at delivery. During pregnancy, amniotomy is performed to induce labor.

The main reason for amniotomy — perenashivanie pregnancy. About perenashivanie obstetricians say when, after completion of 42 weeks of pregnancy, labors alone does not occur. This deteriorates the function placental hypoxia may occur, increasing the risk of complications upcoming deliveries (perineal tears in women, etc.). Therefore, after verification of pregnancy,

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Amniocentesis

Amniocentesis— The study of amniotic (amniotic) fluid taken using a thin needle through a microscopic incision in the abdomen expectant mother. In other words, it is a simple surgical procedure that allows doctors get the amniotic fluid (about 10-15 ml), which are then studied in detail. Amniocentesis provides important information about the child.

The procedure of amniocentesis

Before the start of the manipulation of a woman doing a local anesthetic. After that, an expert introduces a special needle with a lateral cut to the place where the largest amount of amniotic fluid, umbilical cord loops and no child

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Fecal (scraping) to enterobiasis

Analysis Kal (scraping) to enterobiasis — detection of pinworm eggs (helminths, clinical manifestations of which are itching of the anus and intestinal disorders).

As shown by the analysis of feces?

Investigation of fecal enterobiasis reveals the presence or absence of pinworm eggs.

What are the indications for analysis?

Suspicion of being infected with pinworm (Enterobius vermicularis); "Barrier" analysis (at admission, registration of medical books, references to the pool, etc.)

How to gather material for the study?

In the morning until the toilet stool and holding the genitals with a cotton swab dipped in glycerin to scrape the

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Fecal bacteria overgrowth

Fecal bacteria overgrowth — a study of human intestinal microflora.

As shown by the analysis of fecal bacteria overgrowth?

The analysis evaluated the concentration and the ratio of "useful" (lactobacilli, bifidobacteria, E. coli), opportunistic (Enterobacteriaceae, Staphylococcus, Clostridium, mushrooms) and pathogens (Shigella, Salmonella) microorganisms. Due to various causes of intestinal microflora may disappear "good" bacteria and fungi appear genus Candida, Staphylococcus, Proteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

In some cases, prescribe fecal bacteria overgrowth?

unstable stool (constipation, diarrhea); pain and discomfort in the abdomen, bloating; intolerance of some products; skin rash; · an allergic reaction; intestinal infections; long-term hormone

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Fecal occult blood

Fecal occult blood test — to identify "hidden" blood, invisible under microscopic examination.

What does the fecal occult blood?

The presence of any bleeding from the digestive tract.

What are the indications for analysis?

Suspicion of bleeding from any gastrointestinal tract.

How to prepare for the study?

7-10 days prior to delivery drugs cancel analysis (all laxative preparations bismuth, iron). It is impossible to do on the eve of an enema. After the X-ray examination of the stomach and intestines analysis of feces appointed no earlier than two days.

What is necessary to stick

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Fecal helminth ova (eggs of worms)

Analysis fecal helminth eggs (eggs of worms) — Detection of eggs of worms (worms) that cause a group of diseases known as worm infections. More often than not cause disease in humans round and flat worms.

What does the fecal helminth eggs?

The study reveals the stool helminth infections — ascariasis, trichinosis, hookworm.

What are the indications for analysis?

Suspicion of being infected with worms; "Barrier" analysis (at admission, registration of medical books, etc.)

How to collect feces for research?

Feces collected in a disposable container with a screw cap and stomach in an amount

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