Anal fissure

What is it?

Anal fissure (fissure) — damage to the rectal mucosa at the site of the anal sphincter. In 90% of cases crack Located on the rear wall of the anal canal.

This is one of the most common proctologic disease is more common in men with different sexual orientations.

Why did this happen?

Anal fissure Damage results from anal mucosa with constipation, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, proctitis, as well as injury of the intestinal wall during anal sex, and the passage of stool to foreign bodies (e.g., seeds).

What's going on?

The main symptoms of anal fissure:

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Anal fissure: a danger signal

Cracks even smaller sizes can transform lives, especially sit-down, into a nightmare. Discomfort, burning, itching, pain, bleeding? Need to be treated!

Anal fissure — suddenly appearing violation of the integrity of the mucous membrane in the form of anal fissures or ulcers.

Among the diseases of the colon on the prevalence, it ranks third behind hemorrhoids and colitis is more common in women. Can be combined with hemorrhoids (for internal hemorrhoids prolapse), which have to be taken into account in the course of treatment.

The most common causes of anal fissure is constipation, and

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Anal itching

What is it?

Anal itching (itch in the anus) is characterized not only unpleasant, but also significant changes in the skin of the anus (redness, oozing, irritation, scratching education).

Why did this happen?

The causes of anal itching can be:

diseases of the rectum andanus: Hemorrhoids, anal fissure, rectal prolapse; presence of worms; diseases of the genital organs (such as vulvovaginitis in women); constipation; fungal infections of the skin in the buttocks, sacrum; insufficient or excessive personal hygiene.

Itch may be one of the earliest signs of latent diabetes. In some cases, the cause of pruritus anus can not

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Anaferon — Myths and Reality

Many drugs are designed to prevent and treat colds and flu, now surrounded by myths — someone scolds them, someone praises. Representatives of "Materia Medica Holding" collected in this article are a few facts about the drug "Anaferon" (trying to avoid the "gloss" and advertising).

Colds are a pressing social problem — every year they lead to temporary disability of millions of people that brings economic losses in many countries of the world. Of course, we — ordinary people are important, not economics, and health of our family. Any viral infection weakens the body's defenses, which is disadvantageous to

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Anaphylactic shock (anaphylaxis)

What is it?

Anaphylactic shock — an acute allergic reaction common in humans, occurring in repeated contact with the allergen.

Anaphylaxis can be caused by any allergen, but often they are the insect venom, some products or drugs. Contact with the allergen into the body starts the discharge of substances responsible for the inflammatory reaction. So narrowed airways in the lungs wheezing occur, the blood vessels expand, blood pressure decreases, blood vessels begin to pass the blood plasma and there is swelling, the heart begins to malfunction and worse pumping blood.

How to recognize?

Symptoms develop very quickly.

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What is it?

The word comes from the Latin angina "ango" — squeeze and choke. Although, with the sore throat still has not died of suffocation, the name stuck not only doctors, but also among patients.

The second name of the disease — acute tonsillitis. Sharp tonsillitis (Angina) — an inflammation of the tonsils pharyngeal lymphoid ring, and less often — other lymphoid formations in the pharynx (palatine ridges, adenoids). It can be one and two sides. More than half of the tonsillitis is caused by viruses, others — different bacteria, the most significant of which —

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Sore Throat in Children

Angina (sharp tonsillitis) is one of the most common diseases in children of all ages, starting from the 2nd half of life. It is most often caused by a virus (adenovirus, rhinovirus, corona virus, respiratory syncytial virus, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus), bacteria are the cause of angina in about a third of cases. The vast majority (90-95%) of cases exciter bacterial tonsillitis — is β-hemolytic streptococcus group A. The viral forms of acute tonsillitis prevalent in children up to 3 years, after 5 years of more frequent bacterial form of the disease.

Streptococcal angina — Is a serious

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Aneurysm — a ticking time bomb

Aneurysm — is bulging artery wall (at least — a vein) or the heart due to its thinning or stretching. The result is called the aneurysmal sac, which may be located close to compress tissue. An aneurysm can be congenital. And, when a child into the world this flaw unnoticeable, and the baby is developing quite normally. Also lead to aneurysm disease thinner blood vessels: hypertension, atherosclerosis, syphilis (late stage). The risk of developing this insidious disease is increased by trauma or injury of a blood vessel in the formation of infected blood clots. He can live for

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Anemic profile

Anemic profile allows you to identify anemia and to determine the cause.

Why do anemic profile? for the diagnosis of various anemias; to monitor treatment of iron deficiency anemia; acute and chronic infectious diseases, as well as in systemic inflammatory diseases; with eating disorders and absorption, hypo-and avitaminosis, disturbances of the gastrointestinal tract; in cases of suspected poisoning by iron preparations. What do the indicators of diabetic profile?

1) Iron (serum iron) — vital trace mineral that is part of hemoglobin, is involved in the transport and deposition of oxygen and plays an important role in hematopoiesis.


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Ankylosing Spondylitis Ankylosing spondylitis or

What is it?

Ankylosing spondylitis — a chronic, progressive disease,manifested by inflammation of the joints of the spine. Long-term inflammation leads to a violation of motion in joints. As a result, spine is practically immobile.

First it diseasedescribed the Russian Neurologist Vladimir Bechterev. In his honor, ankylosing spondylitis, and got its second name — the disease Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Ankylosing spondylitis suffer mostly men aged 20-40 years, although the disease begins in the late school age, about 15 years old.


The causes of ankylosing spondylitis are uncertain. Apparently, the disease develops in people who have a specific genetic

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