Midnight Hawks – Precision Flying At Its Best

The Finnish Air Force Hawk Display Team will be at RIAT at Fairford in July to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Hawk. Perttu Karivalo offers an insight into how the team operates.

THE MIDNIGHT Hawks, the Finnish Air Force (Ilmavoimat) display team, is the biggest name in the Finnish airshow season, and a familiar sight to domestic audiences every summer. The tight and beautiful diamond formation of the four BAe Hawk Mk 51 advanced jet trainers against the ‘midnight sun’ in a clear blue sky is an unforgettable sight.

The Finnish Air Force was founded on March 6, 1918,

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Suzuki’s GT550 confounded perceptions about two-stroke triples being classy and comfortable high-speed tourers. John Nutting tested three versions of the model in the 1970s.

While the top-of-the-range GT750 is rightly regarded these days as the epitome of the Hamamatsu factory’s stroker technology it wasn’t always that way.

Back when two-strokes ruled the roost at Suzuki a midrange model was snapping at the heels of the ‘Kettle’.

Suzuki’s range included three triples; the GT380, GT550 and the GT750, but the GT550 was my favourite. The two smaller models were air-cooled, and while the smallest was more nimble, the GT550 offered usefully


Middle Wallop

MIDDLE WALLOP’S INTERNATIONAL Helicopter Exhibition (May 12-15) was inevitably dominated by talk of the forthcoming contract for the Army Air Corps’ new attack helicopter. It is anticipated that about 91 of the new breed will partially replace the TOW-armed Lynx from around 2001.

The contenders are: Agusta A129 Mangusta, BAe/Eurocopter Tiger, Boeing/Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche, GEC-Marconi/Bell AH-1W Cobra Venom, Marshall/Atlas CSH-2 Rooivalk and Westland/MDH AH-64 Apache/Longbow Apache.

Of these, front-runners are likely to be the Apache, Cobra Venom and Tiger, all of which were at the Middle Wallop show, together with the Rooivalk. The latter was making its UK debut and

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Microfishes and invertebrates to go

Rachel O’Leary has had a lifelong passion for the aquarium hobby, including, especially, the invertebrates, which are sometimes overlooked—possibly due to the myths and misunderstandings that surround their maintenance. They are, she says, easy to keep and desirable when maintained in the proper conditions. Undemanding: it’s what every hobbyist likes in a crustacean.

Within the past 10 years, the hobby has blossomed into a full-time business for this mother of three from York, Pennsylvania. She calls her enterprise Invertebrates by Msjinkzd, a name that seems perfectly suited to a consummate aqua rest with a nonconformist streak. While tending to her

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Mianwali – The Cradle of Fighter Pilots

Alan Warnes visits Mianwali, where all PAF pilots go to learn to fly fast jets.

FOR THE Pakistan Air Force pilots arriving at Mianwali, situated in the desert scrub some 200 miles (320km) south of Islamabad, the next 20 months are destined to shape the rest of their lives. Becoming a fighter pilot in Pakistan is not just a great honour — it earns candidates a special place in the hearts of their countrymen. They become part of an elite group who put their country before their personal wealth, something which is becoming a rarity in today’s world.

The successful

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Mexican Navy Hawkeyes

Two E-2C Hawkeyes passed through RAF Brize Norton on June 21 and 22, bound for a new home in Mexico. But so far the journey has probably been more than they bargained for, as Alan Warnes reports.

AS YOU read these pages, the Mexican Navy should, hopefully, have taken delivery of two Northrop Grumman E-2C Hawkeyes. In doing so, it will have completed an undertaking that started two years ago when the Mexican Government, embarking upon a modernisation programme for the Navy acquired three E-2C Daya (Kites) from the Israel Defence Force/Air Force (IDF/AF).

As part of a government to

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Methods of finding exoplanets

Transit method

As a planet passes in front of a distant star, it will cause a dip in the brightness of the star relative to us. Therefore, by measuring the brightness of many stars at once, we can detect the transits of planets as they pass in front of a star. This method is useful for finding a lot of planets, and it can also determine the mass and size of the planet as well as its orbital period. It is currently the favoured method of planet hunting, used by NASA’s Kepler telescope among many others.


This method of

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The two most common metabolic diseases in New Zealand are milk fever and ketosis, with hepatic lepidosis expected to become more common as farm livestock are fed increasing amounts of supplements.

Hypocalcaemia (lowered blood calcium)

Animals affected: cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, camelids

Risk factors: high or low body condition score, bad weather (w’et and/or frosty), sudden change in feed type, sudden feed restrictions

Symptoms in cattle: excitement agitation, muscle spasms, staggers, eventually unable to stand, often sit with their head ‘kinked’ around at right angles, back towards their bellies, dry muzzle, cold legs, ears, constipation, drowsiness Symptoms in sheep: staggers,


Metabo ASR 35 L Autoclean

Промышленный пылесос для сбора сухого мусора и жидкостей




ВЕС: 15 кг

ОСОБЕННОСТИ: возможность подключения электроинструмента и синхронный старт с ним; электронная система регулировки мощности; автоматическая система попеременной очистки фильтров; возможность работы без мешка для сбора пыли; защита двигателя при заполнении бака жидкостью; отвод статических зарядов

КОМПЛЕКТАЦИЯ: пылесос; 2 многоразовых фильтра; бумажный мешок; всасывающий шланг; 2 всасывающие трубы; 2 насадки; переходник для электроинструментов

ЦЕНА: 9400 руб.

Экземпляр ASR 35 L, попавший в редакционный «крупный план», буквально еще не «отошёл» от пыльной работы — только-только с очередной демонстрации. В каталоге Metabo

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Messier 42

One of the most famous nebulas in the night sky as you have never seen it before

Also known by its designation NGC 1976 or M42, Messier 42 is part of one of the most famous and best-known sights in the night sky, Orion the Hunter. Which is why this particular shot of the constellation is all the more special.

Taken by the Atacama Pathfinder Experiment (APEX) – which is based at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) site in Chile’s Atacama Desert and a collaboration between three different organisations including the ESO – this fantastic image shows a blazing trail

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