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HELICOPTER HYBRID EUROCOPTERS X3

The US Army’s need for high-speed vertical lift beyond 2030 has prompted helicopter manufacturers tre-explore the options for high-speed rotary-wing flight. In the coming decades, the US Army want to replace its Apaches and Black Hawks with aircraft that have the abilities of a helicopter but the superior overall performance of a turboprop. The X3, designed to prove new propulsion technology, actually made its first flight days before its public unveiling and remains a long way from a final product. The company says it is pursuing an agenda of delivering performance at a lower cost than the alternatives including AgustaWestland

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Harrier on Display at Bentwaters

The Bentwaters Cold War Museum in Suffolk has added BAe Harrier GR.3 ZD667 to its collection. The aircraft was the first in a batch of four GR.3s delivered to the RAF as a stopgap while it waited for Harrier GR5s to become available. It served eight years on the front line, including time in Germany.

Surplus to RAF requirements, ZD667 passed to the Royal Navy, for carrier deck aircraft handling training at Culdrose,

Cornwall. On the retirement of the Sea

Harrier, the GR.3 was moved to Predannack,

Culdrose’s satellite airfield, in May 2007 for fire and crash rescue training.

Everett

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GULF NEWS 02 1991

USA

AS US FORCES continue to pour into the region, the Pentagon released a breakdown of US hardware deployed in combat-ready units as at December 13. In addition to the land forces, which now include 750 main battle tanks and large numbers of other armoured vehicles together with considerable heavy artillery, the air element is quoted as now comprising the following: 90 air superiority fighters (USN F-14A/F-14A+ Tomcats and USAF F-15C Eagles), 335 strike/ground-attack aircraft (USAF A-1 OA/OA-1 OA Thunderbolt, F-111F, and F-117A; USN A-6E Intruder and USMC AV-8B Harrier II), 220 dual-role aircraft (USAF GD F-16C and F-15E Eagle:

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Gulf bluff

MASS DEPLOYMENT of Iraqi troops on the Kuwaiti border between October 5 and 9 for once brought about a swift response I from Allied forces and particularly the USA. The build-up of US forces in the region under Operation Vigilant Warrior included aircraft of the 1st Wing from Langley AFB (9 F-15s); 9th Wing from Beale AFB (four U-2s and six KC-135s); 23rd Wing from Pope AFB, North Carolina (18 F-16s, 14 C-130s, 24 O/A-10s); and the 20th FW from Shaw AFB, South Carolina (12 F-16s).

The C-17A saw its operational capabilities put to the test for the first time,

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GUARDIANS OF THE

SKIES

RAF FIGHTER COMMAND’S WARTIME HQ, BENTLEY PRIORY, WILL BE OPENED IN SEPTEMBER THIS YEAR AS A MUSEUM TO CELEBRATE ALL WHO CONTRIBUTED TO THE VICTORIES IN THE SKIES OVER BRITAIN IN 1939-45. HERE WE HIGHLIGHT THE ROLE OF UNSUNG HEROINES OF THE WAAF WHO WORKED IN TOP-SECRET FILTER CENTRES AT THE HEART OF THE UK’S UNIQUE AIR DEFENCE SYSTEM.

During the summer of 1940, Bentley Priory was probably the single most important building in the whole of the United Kingdom. A former country house in Stanmore, north London, it was the headquarters of the Royal Air Force’s Fighter Command,

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Gromit Formation

During AFM’s visit to 100 Squadron, one of the sorties flown involved a student WSO tasked with practice intercepts (PIs) as part of the Hawk Air Defence syllabus. This is an account of that mission as followed by the author.

Three aircraft were involved: radio call signs Gromit 1,2 and 3, operating in a 2vl scenario. Gromit 1 and 2 worked as a two-ship simulating Tornado F.3s. Gromit 3, the opposing aircraft, was simulating a MiG-21 Fishbed.

Take-off from RAF Leeming was set for 09:00, transiting at 21,000ft (6,400m) to an area of airspace over the North Sea. Each Hawk

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Gripen Sweden Swinger

AFM’s Alan Warnes describes the Saab JAS 39 Gripen, the only fourth-generation fighter currently in operational service.

BACK IN the late 1970s, at the height of the Cold War, non-aligned Sweden was looking to procure a future fighter, which would be multi-role and affordable. Unlike many European governments at the time, Sweden did not have a huge defence budget, so cost was an important issue. By June 1982, the Swedish Government had decided that instead of opting for a foreign acquisition, it would push ahead with its own aircraft, the Gripen. While this continued Saab’s tradition of building fighter aircraft,

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Griffon shoot-down

I THOUGH IT was interesting read about the Afghani conflict from the viewpoint of the Soviets.

Apart from the details of half a sortie, most of the effort was made to credit the Soviets with the loss of the only Pakistan Air Force (PAF) aircraft during its operations against violating Soviet-Afghan aircraft!

Although details and cause of the F-16 loss have appeared in numerous air journals, the author persists in crediting it to the Soviet Air Force.

However, just to set the records straight, the aforementioned F-16 was flying as the lead in a formation of two when they were

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Grey Dragon

Mark Ayton spoke with Lt Col Frank Rogers, operations officer of Detachment 1, 53rd Test and Evaluation Group, based at Holloman AFB, New Mexico, about the current F-117 ‘Grey Dragon’ test programme.

HOLLOMAN AFB, New Mexico is perhaps best known as the home of the US Air Force F-117 Nighthawk stealth fighter, operated by Air Combat Command’s 49th Fighter Wing. There is, however, another unit based at Holloman which operates the F-117: Detachment 1 of the 53rd Test and Evaluation Group, known as the ‘Dragons’. Det 1 is one of 17 units, located around the continental United States, within the

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After the war

Postwar production of Yak-9, as well as the presence of a sufficiently large number of Yak-1, Yak-3 and Yak-7 enables up to 1950 to ensure the Air Force of the socialist countries a sufficient number of fighters.

B-end of World War II Yak actively delivers some Allied USSR. Training aircraft Yak-7B were put Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Mongolia and Poland. Albania also received a number of Yak-7. After the war continued mass production of Yak-9 — until 1948 it was produced about 2190 copies. The main goal was the Yak-9P (cannon) that came into production in 1946 and who had

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