Allergic profile

Allergic profile — immunological blood test that can diagnose the early stages of allergic diseases and to identify the major allergens.

What indicators are included in the allergenic profile?

Total IgE (immunoglobulin E total) and specific IgE (specific immunoglobulin E) — the antibody responsible for allergic reactions.

What is the specific IgE?

Allergy to household, pollen, food and other allergens accompanied by the appearance of antibodies (immunoglobulins — Ig) class E. In patients allergic diseases the level of specific IgE-antibodies dramatically increased.

What are the indications for analysis?

Allergic diseases: bronchial asthma, atopic dermatitis, eczema, food

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Fecal occult blood

Fecal occult blood test — to identify "hidden" blood, invisible under microscopic examination.

What does the fecal occult blood?

The presence of any bleeding from the digestive tract.

What are the indications for analysis?

Suspicion of bleeding from any gastrointestinal tract.

How to prepare for the study?

7-10 days prior to delivery drugs cancel analysis (all laxative preparations bismuth, iron). It is impossible to do on the eve of an enema. After the X-ray examination of the stomach and intestines analysis of feces appointed no earlier than two days.

What is necessary to stick

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A blood test for HIV

A blood test for HIV (AIDS, antibodies to HIV) — detection of antibodies occurring in the body in response to infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 

When blood tests that the result is reliable?

The standard assay (ELISA) is recommended in 1.5-3 months after exposure, when they begin to detect antibodies to HIV in the blood of an infected person. PCR analysis showing the presence of virus 2-3 weeks after infection.

In some cases, prescribe a blood test for HIV?

A blood test for HIV infection recommend donate at:

planning a pregnancy; preoperative and hospitalization; unclear cause

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A blood test for tumor markers

A blood test for tumor markers — identification of specific proteins in the blood that are produced by cells of malignant tumors.

Why do I need to do research for tumor markers?

to obtain information about the presence or absence of tumor, along with other methods of investigation; study provides an opportunity to distinguish benign from malignant; determination of tumor markers before and after treatment helps to assess its effectiveness; to control the disease after treatment and early detection of recurrence.

Is it possible to detect tumor markers in the blood of a healthy person?

A

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A blood test for PSA

A blood test for PSA (PSA, prostate specific antigen) — detection in the blood of men of a special substance that is produced by cells of the prostate gland. Oncomarker PSA is prostate cancer.

What are the indications for the analysis of the PSA test?

Monitoring the course of prostate cancer and the effectiveness of the treatment. Suspected prostate tumor after other studies (for example, after a digital rectal exam or ultrasound). Patients who received radical (anti-cancer) treatment for prostate cancer, it is recommended to analyze every 3-4 months. Preventive screening men older than 40 years, the identification of

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Analysis on female sex hormones

1) Luteinizing hormone

Luteinizing hormone (LH) — HCG anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. In women, it stimulates the synthesis of estrogens, progesterone regulates the secretion and formation of the corpus luteum.

What are the indications for use blood test for LH in women?

hirsutism; decreased libido; anovulation; oligomenorrhea and amenorrhea; infertility; dysfunctional uterine bleeding; miscarriage; precocious puberty and delayed puberty; growth retardation; sexual infantilism; polycystic ovarian syndrome; endometriosis; monitoring the effectiveness of hormone therapy.

What kind of training is necessary for the analysis of blood on the LH?

3 days prior to blood sampling is necessary to

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Analysis of the male sex hormones

1. Free testosterone

Free testosterone — the biologically active part of the blood testosterone — androgenic steroid hormone responsible for the development of secondary sexual characteristics, puberty and normal sexual function.

What are the indications for use blood test for free testosterone in men?

infertility; baldness; acne; violation of potency; decreased libido; male menopause; primary and secondary hypogonadism; chronic prostatitis; osteoporosis.

What kind of training is necessary for the analysis of free testosterone in the blood?

Between the last meal and taking blood passes at least 8 hours (preferably — at least 12 hours). Juice, tea, coffee (especially sugar)

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Tests and examinations during pregnancy

Diagnosis of pregnancy

The first and most basic sign of pregnancy — is a missed period. If you delay menstruation is recommended to test for pregnancy. This test is a strip of paper that should be dipped for a few seconds in the morning urine (it bolee high concentration of "pregnancy hormone"). According to the number of strips that have appeared over time, a woman can learn — she is pregnant or not. Two strips mean that the pregnancy is, one of the bars — no pregnancy. If the test shows the absence of pregnancy and menstruation less, then

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Atherosclerosis

What is it?

Atherosclerosis (Greek. Athera — kashitsa and multiple sclerosis) — is a chronic disease in which the inner wall of arteries deposited cholesterol and other fats in the form of calculus and plaque and the walls themselves compacted and lose their elasticity. This leads to a narrowing of the arteries, and therefore to blood flow obstruction.

Atherosclerosis usually become victims of middle-aged and elderly. However, atherosclerotic changes are found in a number of cases, children and even infants.

Why did this happen? Atherosclerosis is more common in men older than 35 years old, prone to frequent

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Biochemical analysis of blood

Biochemical analysis of blood — the method of laboratory diagnosis, which allows us to estimate the internal organs (liver, kidney, pancreas, gall bladder, etc.) to obtain information on the metabolism (the exchange of lipids, proteins, carbohydrates), find out the need for micronutrients.

What are the indications for blood chemistry? 

Biochemical analysis of blood is important for diagnosis of diseases of almost all, so it is administered first.

What is included in the standard blood chemistry?

1) Glucose (blood) — basic test in the diagnosis of diabetes. This analysis is very important in the selection of therapy and

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