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Yugoslav air defences.

YUGOSLAVIA’S CAPACITY to sustain and counter NATO’s attacks on its territory should not be under-estimated. The country still has a large, well-equipped army and a highly-trained air force, which also includes an extensive air defence system of aircraft, surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) and anti-aircraft artillery (AAA). Whilst its aircraft could quickly prove to be vulnerable to NATO attacks, the combination of uniquely rugged geography, SAM and AAA mobility will make it very difficult to render the skies of Yugoslavia safe for Allied air operations in the short term. The air defence fighter force is entirely Russian-equipped, with around 14 MiG-29 Fulcrums

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What Next?

Mike Spick gazes into his crystal ball to look at the RAF’s next quarter of a century.

THE ROYAL AIR FORCE celebrated its 75th anniversary on April 1. The past 25 years have been packed with incident — what will the next 25 years hold? Crystal gazing is a perilous occupation at the best of times. All we can state with any certainty is that mankind has a propensity for armed conflict, and that the lessons of the past can often, but not always, be applied to the future. In many ways, the early 1920s were similar to the present

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Vietnams unmanned ambitions

In an effort to secure its offshore resources, Vietnam is looking to enhance its C4ISR capabilities: a move that opens the door to a host of opportunities for industrial collaboration in-country and beyond, writes Jon G.

A strategic requirement to enhance capability to secure and protect assets in the South China Sea is driving Vietnam to invest in the development and procurement of a range of indigenous and foreign C41SR-related systems, particularly unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).

Vietnam’s industrial capabilities in these areas are limited, given the country’s traditional focus on land-based procurement, but a number of developments in 201 2-1

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US defence bill approved

THE US HOUSE ARMED Services Committee (HASC) approved the $263.3 billion fiscal year 1995 defence authorisation bill on May 5. Included was $3.7 billion for an additional nuclear- powered aircraft carrier for the US Navy. Another USN allocation was transfer of $60 million previously earmarked for the cancelled Grumman EA-6B Prowler advanced capabilities upgrade programme to studies into a lower-cost alternative such as the Improved Capabilities II (ICAP II) Plus upgrade. The HASC also suggested converting the F- 14D into a dual-role F/A-14D with capabilities similar to the F-15E and wants to abandon the F-14A/B upgrade which would have cost

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Ukraine sell Blackjacks

RUSSIA AND UKRAINE have reached preliminary agreement on the sale of some Ukrainian Tupolev Tu-160 Blackjack bombers to Moscow. The agreement was reached during a two-day visit to Kiev by Russian Deputy Prime Minister Oleg Soskovets, and was subsequently endorsed by the Ukrainian National Security Council and Defence Minister Valery Shmarov.

Air Force Commander Volodymyr Antonets said Ukraine was no longer capable of supporting the Tu-160, and would rely in future on its remaining 24 Tu-95 Bears. It has not been announced how many of the 18 Tu-160s based at Priluki, 75 miles (120km) north of Kiev, are to be

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The Balkans Regional Approach to Air Defence (BRAAD) initiative

Back in 1994 the US government had the astute idea of offering fully equipped standardised air sovereignty operations centres (ASOCs) to the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland: a decision that considerably enhanced their NATO candidacies and enabled them to plug right into the alliance’s air defence operational picture after they became members in 1999.

While those were fatter times — the ASOCs. worth USD25 million, were donated by Washington — something similar is now happening in the Balkans, although no-one is giving away the equipment for free this time.

At play is the Balkans Regional Approach to Air Defence (BRAAD):

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Slovenia Merges Air Force and Air Defence Units

ON FEBRUARY 1, all the Slovenian Army’s (SV — Slovenska Vojska) air force and air defence units were integrated into a new unit known as the Brigada Zracne Obrambe in Letalstva (BRZOL — Air Defence and Air Force Brigade).

An official establishment ceremony was held at Cerklje ob Krki air base on February 12, attended by Defence Minister Karl Erjavec, who said that forming BRZOL would make military aviation and air defence units more effective. Integrating Slovenia’s air force and air defence assets into a single unit took place just three years and three months after they were separated, when

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Self Defence

Lon Nordeen and John Quigley conclude their report on the evolution of aircraft self-protection systems over the past three decades.

IN THE second, concluding part of this self-defence system article, the authors review Electronic Attack, Electronic Warfare Support, Suppression and/or Destruction of Enemy Air Defences (SEAD/DEAD) and the application of GPS-guided weapons in those roles.

Electronic Attack

This activity involves jamming or deceiving an adversary’s radar or radio communications. Jamming aircraft such as the US Air Force EB-66, US Navy EA-1F, EKA-3B plus US Marine Corps EF-10 and EA-6A added an electronic ‘punch’ with which to suppress North Vietnamese surveillance

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Russia to join PFP

AFTER MONTHS OF uncertainly, Russian defence minister General Pavel Grachev announced on May 24 at a briefing for NATO defence ministers on Russian military doctrine that his country would join the Partnership for Peace (PFP) military co-operation programme. PFP is a new alliance set up by NATO to involve former Warsaw Pact countries in joint military exercises, joint planning and consultation on key security issues.

To date, 18 countries have signed the agreement, including Russia’s neighbouring independent republics, and Russia was expected to formally join the partnership within about two months. The minister’s announcement stated that Russia would not, as

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NZ Defence Projects Update

NEW ZEALAND’S Minister of Defence, Mr Phil Goff, announced release of the third update on the country’s ten-year Long Term Development Plan (LTDP) for defence on October 17, including seven new defence acquisition projects. However, he noted that the significantly higher-than-expected cost of acquiring eight NH90 helicopters for the Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF), ordered in July (see New Zealand Orders Eight NH90s, September, p27), left only NZ$1 billion (US$664 million) for other LTDP projects.

One of the seven new defence capital projects relating to the RNZAF is the examination of options to replace the five leased King Air

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