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What do astronauts do in their spare time on the ISS?

You’re right in thinking that it’s not all work and no play on the International Space Station (ISS). Since days or even months of solid work are certain to cause a large level of stress among space workers, flight planners back on Earth schedule time where astronauts can relax, exercise and have some fun.

Perhaps one of the most popular pastimes is simply looking out of the window. From inside the ISS, crewmembers can peer out of numerous windows at the spectacular sight of the Earth spinning below them. Sunsets and sunrises are also amazing, occurring every 45 minutes above

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The Moon

The most visible celestial object from Earth has been the source of human fascination for millennia, yet we’re still discovering more about it all the time.

Orbiting at a distance of anywhere between 362,570 kilometres and 405,410 kilometres (225,000 to 252,000 miles) and moving away from the Earth at almost four centimetres (1.57 inches) per year, all 74 billion trillion kilograms (160 billion trillion pounds) of blasted grey rock that is the Moon never fails to make for fascinating viewing. Its topography is a pattern of ‘maria’ – impact basins once filled with lava – and giant craters that are

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Space smog

Welcome to the mostpolluted place in the galaxy

If you thought that choking carbon emissions were a problem specific to the more industrial areas of modern-day Earth, you’d be wrong. The eerie glow you see in this image, taken from NASA’s GLIMPSE360 (Galactic Legacy Infrared Mid-Plane Survey Extraordinaire) survey, is caused by a giant cloud of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These hydrogen and carbon compounds are more commonly found on Earth in the soot caused by dirty vehicle exhausts and open fireplaces.

Here, they’ve been coloured green so that their glow can be more easily observed by scientists in infrared

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Mission to JUPITER.

Sending humans to the largest planet in our Solar System might sound like something plucked from the annals of science fiction, but if the experts are to be believed it’s a goal that could be achieved this century.

«It’s my job to make sure Star Trek happens.» At first we’re sure Patrick Troutman is joking. He’s the human exploration strategic analysis lead at NASA’s Langley Research Center, a subset of America’s national space agency responsible for researching the technologies required to send humans into the unknown. And we’re not just talking Mars; Troutman and his team assess the possibilities of

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Chess watered kill or die

Producer strategy Reflux like full 3D and sea gameplay’n

Surf the Internet on its powerful 32-bit "Communicator"I came across information about Reflux almost by accident. Initially, the project attracted its graphics — something could be seen in the picture in the classic palette of Quake, but it was a strategic game. A more detailed examination revealed that the game is not only beautiful outside. Robot Wars for control of the territory. Types of mechanical monsters not limited to — they are assembled from individual parts of the plant. Eight kinds of chassis, eight towers, various weapons and onboard systems —

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Looking for strange new worlds

SuperWASP (Wide Angle Search for Planets)

While telescopes like Kepler cost hundreds of millions of dollars, planet hunting doesn’t require a fortune to succeed. One such project is SuperWASP (Wide Angle Search for Planets), which at a cost of just half a million dollars has found over 100 planets outside our Solar System. SuperWASP has two robotic observatories, one on the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands and the other in South Africa. Each has eight lenses backed by high-quality CCDs to monitor stars and search for new worlds.

“We can’t compete with [the programmes] that find small

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Looking for antimatter

“All About Space” talks to Jim Bickford of Draper Laboratory, Massachusetts, who found a belt of antimatter naturally occurring around Earth in one of our planet’s Van Allen radiation belts.

Scientists have spent billions building colliders that make a few micrograms of antimatter, yet you’ve found it around the Earth. How does it get there?

Antimatter forms when atomic particles travelling near the speed of light collide with one another and convert their energy of motion into matter. If they are travelling fast enough, a process called pair production creates a regular particle and its antiparticle by converting the kinetic

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Living on Mars.

We look at the challenges Martian colonies would face and the exciting possibility of making Mars a home.

Mars is the easiest planet for us to visit, explore and colonise. It is the nearest planet to us and has a thin atmosphere composed of 95.3 per cent carbon dioxide. A Martian day is 39 minutes and 35 seconds longer than an Earth day and temperatures average about -65 degrees Celsius (-85 degrees Fahrenheit).

Besides the cold, the Martian surface receives twice the radiation levels experienced at the International Space Station (ISS). You’ll feel lighter on Mars as its gravity is

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At the water.

Leaving the planet, they took everything — plastics, ceramics, metals, composites. Even stud fastening walls of houses. Removed from orbit satellites. We dug capsule lighthouse that stood for the right of discovery. Parts, accessories, sensible things — every detail was the gold.

In my opinion, they had fuel on a flight at one end. The nearest developed colonies. Most had nowhere to return. Their parent planet in ruins, burned Plasma vihrem.Nasazhdёnny of forest withered. The dam collapsed, the ground water level has gone down. Biotope collapsed without support, and I rushed to save survivors of its crumbs. It seemed as

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In the future, would it be possible to cross a planets orbit to reach it quicker?

Richard Badger

Planning spacecraft flight paths takes a lot of refinement. Due to the expense of spaceflight, the trick is to find the most efficient flight path. This reduces the fuel needed and therefore the cost to launch the mission.

We know the shortest and quickest way from one point to another is a straight line. Sadly, this process breaks down in space. This is because the two points are often moving and the transfer vehicle already has a motion based on the orbital speed of the planet or object it leaves from. To counter this, when planning orbital manoeuvres

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