Whether this should be the law whether, in the absence of a judicial finding of guilt, the state should be able to take possession of your property has been debated since before American independence. In the Colonial period, the English Crown issued writs of assistance that permitted customs officials to enter homes or vessels and seize whatever they deemed contraband. As the legal scholars Eric Blumenson and Eva Nilsen have noted, these writs were among the key grievances that triggered the American Revolution. The new nations Bill of Rights would expressly forbid unreasonable searches and seizures and promise that no one would be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process. Nonetheless, Congress soon authorized the use of civil forfeiture actions against pirates and smugglers. It was easier to prosecute a vessel and seize its cargo than to try to prosecute its owner, who might be an ocean away. In the ensuing decades, the practice fell into disuse and, aside from a few brief revivals, remained mostly dormant for the next two centuries.

Forfeiture in its modern form began with federal statutes enacted in the nineteen-seventies and aimed not at waitresses and janitors but at organized crime bosses and drug lords. Lawenforcement officers were empowered to seize money and goods tied to the production of illegal drugs. Later amendments allowed the seizure of anything thought to have been purchased with tainted funds, whether or not it was connected to the commission of a crime. Even then, forfeiture remained an infrequent resort until 1984, when Congress passed the Comprehensive Crime Control Act. It established a special fond that turned over proceeds from forfeitures to

Continue reading Whether this should be the law whether, in the absence of a judicial finding of guilt, the state should be able to take possession of your property has been debated since before American independence. In the Colonial period, the English Crown issued writs of assistance that permitted customs officials to enter homes or vessels and seize whatever they deemed contraband. As the legal scholars Eric Blumenson and Eva Nilsen have noted, these writs were among the key grievances that triggered the American Revolution. The new nations Bill of Rights would expressly forbid unreasonable searches and seizures and promise that no one would be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process. Nonetheless, Congress soon authorized the use of civil forfeiture actions against pirates and smugglers. It was easier to prosecute a vessel and seize its cargo than to try to prosecute its owner, who might be an ocean away. In the ensuing decades, the practice fell into disuse and, aside from a few brief revivals, remained mostly dormant for the next two centuries.

Henry VII the warlord

In pursuing dreams of victory in France, Henry threw England into decades of war and the chaos of a Europe in conflict

Henry VIII was born dreaming of war. When he took the throne in April 1509, with his bride Catherine of Aragon at his side, Henry knew exactly what kind of king he wanted to be. His would be a glorious reign that would restore England to the magnificence it deserved. His father, Henry VII, had become unpopular by levying punishing taxes to restore the country’s finances, but the new king had no intention of focusing on matters as

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1st Lt Frank Oiler

The ‘JUG’ was solid and stable in flight and carried a tremendous load of bombs, guns and gas. It was a tight-turning, hard-hitting, flying truck. It didn’t climb worth a damn, but it could dive.

Those of us that survived fighter pilot training were sent to England. I arrived on 10 May 1944 as a replacement pilot, filling the gap left by those men who had either been shot down or rotated back home after finishing their tours. I was placed with the 78th Fighter Group, 84th Fighter Squadron at Duxford. This is where I learned the real tricks and

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The Russian language is closely from the republics of the former USSR

At the opening of the Year of the Russian Language in Paris earlier in This year the guests met poster "Russian language — the first language spoken in space." organizers reminded the French that Russian — one of the six official languages of the UN. Yet, in almost all former Soviet republics, where the Russian language has been previously extensively vserasprostranena, the sphere of its influence, not without the role of the authorities began to narrow. Says Deputy Director of the Institute of Russian Language Russian Academy Leonid Krysin:"Indeed, the number of people who know the Russian language, falls uniformly.

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Review of the Belarusian web for August 16th

Participants Forum Portal without surprise, took the news that Venezuela can enter unlimited presidency. Befitting a constitutional amendment proposed by President Hugo Chavez. Participants’ reactions:"Feels hand you know who.""Should they still hold a referendum on which" most "vote against funding openness power.""Yes, indeed, the script just as a blueprint. Authority — the strongest drug for them, the most coveted." "Oh, so is the mutual enrichment of cultures through international cooperation! Respect Hugo! Poor Venezuelans … and not only …"Blogger

Night Siege — August 16

Participants Forum Portal without surprise, took the news that Venezuela can enter unlimited presidency. Befitting a constitutional amendment proposed by President Hugo Chavez. Participants’ reactions:"Feels hand you know who.""Should they still hold a referendum on which" most "vote against funding openness power.""Yes, indeed, the script just as a blueprint. Authority — the strongest drug for them, the most coveted." "Oh, so is the mutual enrichment of cultures through international cooperation! Respect Hugo! Poor Venezuelans … and not only …"Blogger

BAE Systems will upgrade Korean KF-16 fighters

Defence Procurement Agency (DAPA) of South Korea has concluded with the British company BAE Systems a contract for the modernization of KF-16 fighters, reported Agence France-Presse. The deal amounted to 1.3 trillion won (1.1 billion dollars). Contract with BAE Systems was signed following a tender in which also participated American company Lockheed Martin. Under the deal, the British company will update the software 134 KF-16 fighters, also change the onboard computer systems. All work is expected to finish by 2021. In addition, DAPA wants to choose a favorite of the tender for the supply of radar with active phased

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Does Andrei Lugovoi gets into the hands of the British Justice?

This was stated by Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Alexander Grushko. By him, "Adopted London line complicates, if not quite impracticable makes law enforcement cooperation in the areas that affect the security interests of the people."Our homeland recalls that Britain did not give Berezovsky and ZakayevGrushko said that London says about "reviewing a number of areas of cooperation with Russia, including visa and reject all contacts with the FSB." Grushko recalled that Moscow appealed to London to issue the 21st Russian citizen, including businessman Boris Berezovsky and Chechen separatists favorite Akhmad Zakayev, but neither one of them was not issued.

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Oleg Gordievsky: Case Lugovoi only begins

About the Litvinenko case and how will unfold British-Russian affairs, in an interview with Radio Liberty talks last KGB resident in England, and at the moment in London intelligence historian Oleg Gordievsky.Gordievskiy "Fact, that from one side, story ends with Lugovoi, but on the other hand, is just beginning. Since the first time made a statement on the measures and sanctions, which the British government uses as an English citizen killed on British soil, such was not. It asks very large measures. In addition, to This time, in recent months, Our homeland behaved defiantly against Britain and very rude. Whereupon

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Belarus — England: review of relations

England and Belarus established diplomatic affairs 1991.Three years later, in connection with the withdrawal of nuclear weapons, England, together with the U.S. and Russia signed Budapeshtski memorandum security assurances Belarus. These countries zabavyazalisya guarantee its territorial integrity and political independence.British Embassy in Minsk revealed 1995. On this occasion, Minister of Foreign Affairs visited Nicholas Bonsar.And before the referendum in 1996 Speaker of the Supreme Council of Semen Sharetsky perceived delegation of members of parliament of England.After 1996 official contacts were almost frozen.Counselor of the Embassy in public relations Kasia Bespalov said:

"We need a dialogue in terms of common European

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