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War Stories

Before NASA, John Glenn was a Marine pilot

John Glenn is the kind of pilot who makes it home. The world held its breath on Feb. 20,1962, as he reentered the atmosphere after circling the Earth three times. There was an indication that the heat shield on his Mercury capsule Friendship 7 wasn’t attached properly, threatening a tragic end to the first U.S. orbital human spaceflight, but he got home safely. Glenn attracted less attention in 1953, when an antiaircraft shell blew a hole in the tail of his F9F Panther over Korea (see photo), one of 12 times his

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Tornado GR.4 first flight

THE FIRST OF three development Tornado GR.4s, converted from development GR.1 XZ631/P15, made its first flight from British Aerospace’s Warton plant on May 29. GEC-Marconi equipment in the aircraft includes the HUD, cockpit symbol generator, SPARTAN passive terrain referenced navigation and terrain following system, digital map database and display, terrain following display, computer loading system, video recorder and enhanced stores management system. The company’s NVG and FUR equipment will also be integrated into the MLU aircraft.

Following its success in the Gulf War, the GEC-Marconi Avionics thermal-imaging airborne loser-designator (TIALD) pod is also to be included as part of the

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Taking flight

A travel-inspired hotelin Atlanta continues a new chapter for Le Meridien

The past few years have been monumental for Le Meridien. which began life in 1972 as an extension of Air France before becoming a member of the Starwood Hotels & Resorts family 33 years later. Since then, a series of Le Meridien’s European outposts and one in Philadelphia have opened that showcase the brand’s $3 billion transformation (another $1 billion is in the pipeline) and its evolving aesthetic informed by culture, cuisine, and the arts. Now a renovation of a historic Atlanta property is following suit.

Formally known as

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Sukhoi Su-35-1 Maiden Flight

SUKHOI’S PROTOTYPE Su-35-1 multi-role fighter, ‘901 Blue’, undertook its first flight from Zhukovsky, near Moscow, on February 18. Built at the KnAAPO factory in Komsomolsk-on-Amur, it was completed in August 2007, just in time for the MAKS 2007 airshow. The aircraft was airfreighted to Zhukovsky inside an An-124 just before the show, where it was then placed on static display (see Sukhoi’s Su-35 Makes Its Debut, November, p20). Since then it had been completing a series of ground tests and was expected to have flown by November, but this was delayed by three months, for unknown reasons.

KnAAPO is currently

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State flight testing begins with Mi-24VM.

MIL’S PROTOTYPE upgraded Mi-24VM completed a satisfactory 20-minute test flight at its Panki facility near Moscow on March 4. The Mi-24VM is an intermediate variant, to be produced in parallel with the Mi-28 Havoc and shares the latter’s main and tail rotor assemblies. At the beginning of 1999 approximately 1,000 Mi-24s remained in service with the Russian Army. Upgrading 30-35% of them will allow the Army to retire the rest of the fleet as airframe life expires, without negative effect on the overall combat capability of the force. Mil Deputy General Designer, Vladimir Stekolnikov, believes that the upgrade will prolong

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Rotary wings over Bosnia

Frederic Lert reports on French and Norwegian helicopter detachments deployed to the former Yugoslavia in support of UN operations in Bosnia.

SITUATED ON THE Adriatic coastline, 6 miles (10km) from the Croatian town of Split, Divulje has always been a major naval base. During World War Two, Axis seaplanes used its facilities to patrol the Adriatic Sea, and afterwards the base was used by Yugoslav naval aviation.

Today, Divulje is an important Croatian base with a headquarters and a small Mi-8 Hip squadron. Since the start of UN operations in the former Yugoslavia, Divulje has also become a major United

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REVEAL THE HIDDEN VALUE.

WHEN YOU ASK an experienced martial artist if he has ever used his training, don’t be surprised if he says, “I use it every day.” He’s not talking about kung-fuing intruders or bad drivers. He’s speaking about how he uses the hidden value of his training—self-discipline and aware-ness—in his daily life.

Most of the basic flight maneuvers students are required to learn also have hidden values. Your job is to make sure your student sees and understands those hidden values. Take, for instance, steep turns. Yes, the FAA says that the objective of the steep turn is to “develop the

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Quiet Spike To Suppress Sonic Booms

A RESEARCH project called Quiet Spike, which investigates suppression of sonic booms, has begun at NASA’s Dryden Flight Research Center, at Edwards AFB, California. A joint team of Gulfstream Aerospace and NASA Dryden engineers and technicians has fitted a 24ft (7.3m) retractable spike on the nose of Dryden’s F-15B research test-bed aircraft. Made of composite materials, Quiet Spike weighs 4701b (213kg) and extends from 14ft (4.26m) in subsonic flight to 24ft (7.3m) in supersonic flight.

It creates three small shock waves that travel to the ground, parallel with each other. These produce less noise than the typical shock waves which

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PERFORMANCE BY NUMBERS.

Will there be enough runway to depart? To land?

PERFORMANCE PLANNING is ail important part of any preflight routine. Private pilots must understand how the aircraft will perform at different airports, elevations, temperatures, and pressures.

Takeoff and landing distances, single-engine service ceilings, and accelerate-stop distances are all important performance calculations that must be completed to ensure the aircraft can safely complete the flight.

These calculations are still performed for the airliners on which millions of people fly yearly. Albeit slightly more modified and automated, performance calculations are completed for every flight.

Rather than calculate takeoff distances in terms of amount

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Open Skies

Kevin Wright reports on the Open Skies Treaty and the aircraft and equipment used to implement it.

THE OPEN SKIES treaty was signed in March 1992, representing, in diplomatic terms, the culmination of a very rapid and intense period of negotiation, between 1990 and 1992. The result was a highly complex technical agreement, aimed at allowing participating states to overfly each other’s territory to monitor their military establishments and activities — a regional confidence and security building measure.

The original idea of an Open Skies regime was first presented by President Eisenhower in July 1955 to a four-power conference in

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