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15 Weeks Pregnant

Woman

Bulging tummy can already be seen with the naked eye. And if you have a tendency to stretch marks, in this period, they can occur. Do not forget to go to the dentist — may need to treat your teeth (to put the seal) or varnish (during pregnancy increases the sensitivity of the teeth — hormones change the body, enamel becomes more sensitive.) Do not forget to take vitamins for pregnant women.

Baby

A big role in the development of the baby 2-3 months hormones play. Hormones mother through the placenta. Later begins to produce its

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Diseases of the pituitary gland

Pituitary — The most important iron in the endocrine system. Pituitary hormones affect all endocrine organs, as well as self-regulate body functions. Excess or deficiency of hormones produced by the pituitary gland, causing serious disease.

Pituitary Located at the base of the brain in the skull with a deepening romantic name "Turkish saddle."

Lack pituitary hormones can cause:

pituitary dwarfism or dwarfism (deficit growth hormone); delayed sexual development, or lack of sexual desire (follicle-stimulating hormone deficiency and luteinizing hormones — hormones that stimulate the production of sex hormones); hypothyroidism (deficit thyroid hormones); hypopituitarism — lack of pituitary hormones.

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Diseases of the adrenal glands

The adrenal glands — small paired organs located, as the name implies, above the upper pole of the kidneys.

The main objective of the adrenal glands — production hormones that regulate all the vital processes in the body. For example, glucocorticoid hormones responsible for metabolism and energy metabolism, mineralocorticoids are involved in water and salt metabolism, androgens and estrogens — are sex hormones, epinephrine and norepinephrine — hormones of stress.

Adrenal disease may be caused by:

excessive production of ACTH by the pituitary hormone that regulates the adrenal glands (disease Cushing); excessive production of hormones by the adrenal

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Pituitary basophilia

Symptoms of the disease were first described in 1924 by the Soviet neurologist Nicholas pituitary. He also suggested that the cause of the disease lies in the changes of the hypothalamus (part of the brain responsible for the interaction between the nervous and endocrine systems). Later, an American neurosurgeon Harvey Cushing's disease is associated with a pituitary tumor. Today, scientists have come to believe that disease Cushing arises from disruption hypothalamic-pituitary systems — both researchers were right.

Disease Cushing — Heavy neuroendocrine disease, based on the violation of the regulatory mechanisms that control the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. Manifestations of the disease

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Apituitarism

Apituitarism— Is disease, in which there is a decrease or complete cessation of the production of hormones by the pituitary gland.

Causes

The possible causes of hypopituitarism are many:

brain tumor; vascular disease (aneurysm, arteritis, bleeding in thepituitary, massive bleeding during childbirth); tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, syphilis; borne encephalitis, meningitis; cranial trauma. What's going on?

The pituitary gland produces too little hormone, which leads to a secondary hormonal deficiency of other endocrine glands (thyroid, adrenal glands, ovaries, etc.), and inhibition of hormone-dependent processes in the body: growth, sexual functions, etc.

The earliest sign of the disease — decreased

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Hormonal contraception

This form of contraception, by definition, experts of the World Health Organization, is the most effective to date (degree of reliability is almost 99%). It is therefore not surprising that hormonal contraceptives are more than 70 million women around the world.

The mechanism of action of any hormonal preparation is as follows:

suppress ovulation (the maturation and release of an egg); contributes to thickening the mucus in the cervix, making it impassable for sperm.

Before you start taking hormonal contraceptives, it is desirable to pass a gynecological examination and consult a physician. It is also necessary to warn doctors

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Hormones and pregnancy

It is known that during pregnancy the body is quite a lot of changes, many of which are caused by hormonal changes. How can change these parameters?

First of all, the level of Progesterone— The hormone that prepares the uterus for pregnancy, and helps keep the embryos implanted. Progesterone is produced by the corpus luteum — the structure, which is formed in situ bursting of the follicle during ovulation ("pouch", which matured egg). Progesterone support in the central nervous system dominant, a kind of "setting a pregnancy", stimulates the development of mammary glands, and also suppresses the immune system,

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Increase breast beer!

In any case — the main moderation. This rule applies to what we eat, and even more so to the fact that we drink. Much can be said about the use of alcohol in small doses, but in large doses harm nobody doubts. Moreover, it concerns not only hard liquor: beer, which many mistakenly believe the most innocuous of alcoholic beverages, has as much to health. And, according to the scientists, especially the men's. [Cut] The fact that the phytoestrogens contained in beer (released from the cones of hops in brewing) inhibits the secretion of the male hormone testosterone. As

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Diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis

Most endometriosis in women 20 to 45 years. Insidiousness of the disease is that it is a long time may be asymptomatic. However, with the passage of time begin to show the painful symptoms.

Possible signs: discomfort during sex; failure of menstrual function, manifested by painful heavy menstrual periods, spotting before and after menstruation; intense pain in the abdomen and lower back, at first associated with menstruation, and with the development of persistent disease; Infertility is not explained by other causes. Diagnostics

Endometriosis can only reveal gynecologist. After hearing the patient's complaint, he will conduct a full clinical and

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Male menopause (menopause)

All people eventually grow old and faced with the challenge of menopause.

By about age 50, metabolism slows down, production of hormones in women decreases, cell renewal slows down, there are diseases and problems that youth are rare or do not occur at all.

Menopause is composed of several stages, different in length and extending to the end of life. Poor health, mood swings, "hot flashes", sweating, pressure drops, heart palpitations — it can last a long time. To prevent possible comorbidities associated with hormonal deficiency (breast cancer, breast cancer, cancer of the female reproductive organs, genital prolapse, osteoporosis,

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