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A blood test for TORCH-complex

A blood test for TORCH-complex is usually included in the comprehensive examination during pregnancy and reveals the four diseases that cause infection of the fetus in utero: toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus and herpes.

How stands TORCH-complex?

T (O) — toxoplasmosis (toxoplasmosis) R — German measles (rubella) S — cytomegalovirus infection (cytomegalovirus) H — herpes (herpes simplex virus).

The more dangerous infections TORCH-complex?

Risk of infections TORCH-complex is that in primary infection during pregnancy may cause intrauterine infection of the fetus with the defeat of systems and organs, increasing the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, birth defects and malformations.

When

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Analysis on genital infections

Analysis on genital infections reveals the most common causative agents of sexually transmitted infections, which include: human papilloma virus and cytomegalovirus, genital herpes, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis candidiasis.

What laboratory methods are used for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections?

ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) — allows you to detect antibodies to the pathogen infection (IgG and IgM); PCR (polymerase chain reaction) — reveals in the sample (a swab from the urethra or vagina, sperm, juice prostate, blood) DNA or RNA pathogen. bakposev (the definition of sensitivity to antibiotics).

What are the indications for screening for genital infections?

abdominal pain, discharge

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Anaferon — Myths and Reality

Many drugs are designed to prevent and treat colds and flu, now surrounded by myths — someone scolds them, someone praises. Representatives of "Materia Medica Holding" collected in this article are a few facts about the drug "Anaferon" (trying to avoid the "gloss" and advertising).

Colds are a pressing social problem — every year they lead to temporary disability of millions of people that brings economic losses in many countries of the world. Of course, we — ordinary people are important, not economics, and health of our family. Any viral infection weakens the body's defenses, which is disadvantageous to

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Arthronosos

Experts believe that arthropathy— One of humanity's most ancient problems. He suffered from not only the ancient Egyptian pharaohs, but the Neanderthals, as evidenced by archaeological finds.

Absolutely all of inflammatory joint diseases are called "arthritis". Noninflammatory arthropathy called arthrosis.

All arthritis are divided into two types: monoartrita when inflamed only one joint, and polyarthritis, when many of the affected joints. Furthermore, arthropathy can be acute or chronic.

The reasons for each type of arthritis your own. This may damage the immune system and metabolic disorders, trauma, infections and vitamin deficiency. The most common causes of inflammatory

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Bring healthy nails

According to a number of Western European epidemiological studies fungal nail infections (onychomycosis) are the reason for seeking a dermatologist in 30% of cases, about 25% of the patients any doctor has fungal infection of the skin or nails feet. In Russia, such studies have not recently conducted, but perhaps every dermatologist on the basis of their practical experience can say that in our country, these figures are no better. What is the reason for this state of affairs?

It is known that members of certain professions (eg, miners and soldiers) higher risk of fungal nail infections,

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A visit to the andrology

As you know, men do not like to go to doctors. Especially if the ailment for the intimate sphere. But today, this attitude towards their health thing of the past. To whom should seek man, feeling unwell?

Health of men engaged in special doctors — andrology. They all treat diseases of the male reproductive system, and disorders of sexual functions. Preventive care in andrology recommended to pass 2-3 times a year.

The most common diseases of the male genitalia are considered an inflammatory disease, benign prostatic hypertrophy, erectile dysfunction (impotence), and male infertility. Currently, medicine developed very effective treatments

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HIV and AIDS

What is it?

HIV infection— A slowly progressing disease of the immune system viral leading to weakening of the immune defense against tumors and infections. Stage HIV infectionwherebybecause ofimmunosuppression in humans appear secondary infectious or neoplastic diseases, said acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

The first reports ofHIV and AIDS appeared in the early 80th of the twentieth century. Now these names are known even to a child. Such a global information campaign was a result of the fact that the disease is spreading at an exponential rate, the cure for it is still not found, and the only way to

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Inflammatory disease.

Inflammatory diseases of the male reproductive system can affect its various departments:

testes and epididymis — epididymitis and orchitis; prostate gland — prostatitis; urethra — urethritis; the head of the penis and the foreskin — balanopostit.

Inflammation, arose in one of the departments of the reproductive system, can move to its other departments and related bodies (eg, the kidneys).

Because of inflammation can be infectious and non-infectious. Infectious inflammatory diseases may be specific (e.g., gonorrheal urethritis) and nonspecific. Noninfections inflammation may develop as a result of injuries, allergic reactions, disorders of prenatal development of the reproductive system.

Often in

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The second wave

Currently statistics clearly shows that the first wave of a pandemic influenza H1N1 (in some countries, there were already two) passed its peak and is now the incidence has declined. The same can generally be said of the "seasonal" strains of influenza and other viral respiratory infections.

Cases of swine flu registered in 209 countries, 14,142 laboratory-confirmed cases of the disease led to the death (the real number of deaths is much higher). However, forecasts the spread of the virus in 2009, made on the basis of information about previous pandemics have been exaggerated: the actual mortality and morbidity

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Hepatitis E

Previously (before detection of hepatitis E) is disease, with hepatitis C, D, G, was part of the group of so-called hepatitis "neither A nor B".

The mechanism of infection fecal-oral, that is, the disease is transmitted from an infected person, which highlights virus the faeces. Typically, virus enters into our body with contaminated water, at least — is entered through dirty hands.

Sick hepatitis E virus mostly young people 15-29 years. This is especially prevalent form hepatitis in countries with a hot climate and poor water supply.

Weather in most cases favorable. The exception is women in

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