USAF prepares for AEFs.

ON MARCH 5 the USAF announced the structure and changes to be implemented as the force moves from being a US-based air force to a rapidly deployable one. Since the ending of the Cold War the USAF has seen its assets reduced by around 35%, its overseas bases drastically cut back and its personnel levels slashed. At the same time it has been increasingly called upon to meet international commitments — in particular operations in the former Yugoslavia and Iraq. This has put an increasing strain on both the USAF’s infrastructure and its personnel over the past decade and the

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The Fix

NAVIGATION is both an art and a science and, like both disciplines, must develop to meet changing environments and scenarios This is particularly true of military air navigation.

In June 1982 the first RAF Tornado unit, IX Squadron at Honington, was formed and since that date the Tornado, with its two-man crew of pilot and navigator, has gradually replaced the Vulcan. Jaguar and Buccaneer in the overland role and the Lightning and Phantom in the Air Defence role. The Tornado is now one of the most potent and capable aircraft in NATO, being operated by the RAF, the German Air

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STRATOJETS OVER THE SOVIET UNION

The purpose of Aerial Reconnaissance is twofold.

There is reconnaissance that is confined to the environs of the battlefield, the purpose of which is to gather intelligence about the enemy’s disposition, strength and technology in the immediate area of localised conflict. The USAF identifies this as tactical reconnaissance. Then there is reconnaissance with a strategic emphasis. This includes the finding and pinpointing of targets for intercontinental warfare and seeks indications and warnings of a surprise attack, in addition to gathering intelligence of the enemy’s disposition, strength and technology on a global scale.

The so-called ‘overflights’ of the Cold War were

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Mission to JUPITER.

Sending humans to the largest planet in our Solar System might sound like something plucked from the annals of science fiction, but if the experts are to be believed it’s a goal that could be achieved this century.

«It’s my job to make sure Star Trek happens.» At first we’re sure Patrick Troutman is joking. He’s the human exploration strategic analysis lead at NASA’s Langley Research Center, a subset of America’s national space agency responsible for researching the technologies required to send humans into the unknown. And we’re not just talking Mars; Troutman and his team assess the possibilities of

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Mission Profile — Observing Europa

Name: Galileo

Launch: 18 October 1989

Orbital insertion: 8 December 1995

Launch vehicle: Space Shuttle Atlantis

Vehicle mass (orbiter): 2,380kg (5,200lb)

Spacecraft dimensions (orbiter): 5.2m (17ft) high, 11m (32ft) wide

Missions: Galileo orbiter, Galileo probe

Flybys: Earth, Venus, asteroid belt, Io, Europa, Ganymede

Initial discoveries:

Galileo remains the only spacecraft to orbit Jupiter, and its probe was the first to enter the Jovian atmosphere. It gave us numerous insights into Jupiter and its moons. Highlights from the mission included mapping the structure and extent of the Jovian magnetosphere, observing ammonia clouds in Jupiter’s atmosphere and discovering that Jupiter’s ring system

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Strategy. First look: an attack on Ithaca.

"Demo version of the add-on" — It sounds scary. Downright Right turn Shiva the outrage of the masses and screams "Zazhralis!". If logically continue the teachings of the guru PeZhe of the second order, that will be available soon "First Look" Demo versions of add-ons to the demo version of addons demo versions …

Nevertheless, the topic of more than worthy of respect, because the Red Odyssey — this is nothing like I eg boron additional missions for the action / strategy number two for the year 98th in the version Game.EXE — suffering and legendary Battlezone. Just lay on

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Inside the Lunar lander.

The Lunar Module was the first manned spacecraft specifically built to deliver men to the Moon.

This two-stage spacecraft was built by the Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation to ferry two astronauts and scientific equipment to the surface of the Moon. The 6.7-metre (22-foot) tall craft had an aluminium frame with titanium fittings and was covered with layers of aluminised Kapton and aluminised Mylar to provide thermal protection against micrometeoroids.

The Apollo Command Module carried it into lunar orbit, and two of the three crew transferred to it and used the descent engine to land on the Moon. After deploying scientific

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GUARD VIPERS

EUMEROUS’ AND ‘widespread’ are two words which describe the fielding of the F-16 Fighting Falcon with Air Forces around the world. The most prolific is the United States Air Force, which operates the F-16 in seven of its ten commands, including the Air National Guard (ANG). Since the first F-16s were delivered to what was then the 169th Tactical Fighter Group, at McEntire Air National Guard Base, South Carolina, in July 1983, General Dynamics’, and subsequently Lockheed Martin’s, revolutionary little fighter aircraft has formed the backbone of the Guards’ combat capability. In 2004, no fewer than 27 Air National Guard

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Gromit Formation

During AFM’s visit to 100 Squadron, one of the sorties flown involved a student WSO tasked with practice intercepts (PIs) as part of the Hawk Air Defence syllabus. This is an account of that mission as followed by the author.

Three aircraft were involved: radio call signs Gromit 1,2 and 3, operating in a 2vl scenario. Gromit 1 and 2 worked as a two-ship simulating Tornado F.3s. Gromit 3, the opposing aircraft, was simulating a MiG-21 Fishbed.

Take-off from RAF Leeming was set for 09:00, transiting at 21,000ft (6,400m) to an area of airspace over the North Sea. Each Hawk

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Eileen Collins: Rocket Woman

Interviewed by Jonathan O’Callaghan

Having served as both the first female pilot and first female commander of NASA’s Space Shuttle, Eileen Collins boosted the involvement of women in space exploration to a whole new level.

Interview Bio

Eileen Collins

Age: 56

First mission: STS-63

No. of missions: 4

Time in space: over 872 hours

Born on 19 November 1956, Eileen Marie Collins served as a pilot in the United States Air Force before becoming one of the most decorated astronauts in NASA’s history after her selection in 1990. She served on four separate Space Shuttle missions, including the first American

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