Mughal garden waterworks, pas and prospect.

It is exciting to see this new Mughal Gardens Initiative organized by Ameet Babar and Geert Robberechts, and supported by this Journal. It promises to build upon individual studies through a sustained program of investigations in which the whole becomes greater than its parts.

My special hope in this series is to learn more about waterworks associated with Mughal landscapes — from the aesthetics of fountain design to the science of hydraulics and social practices of tank conservation. Each of these has proven evocative and elusive up till now. Gar-dens were frequently sited and laid out in relation to water

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Looking beyond the core area.

The exploration of Mughal Gardens has largely focused on the gardens in the cities of Agra, Delhi, Lahore and Srinagar and additionally those that are found in their place of their origin in erstwhile Persia. The four cities mentioned were at the core of the Mughal Empire at the time, not only geographically, but culturally too and it is only natural that the best and most representative examples would be found here.

The Mughal garden falls within the greater Islamic tradition of Char Bagh garden building (Richards, 1992). This Islamic garden type of the char bagh is also to be

Continue reading Looking beyond the core area.

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