2013 will do without El Niño and La Niña

June 27, 2013. According to the U.S. National Weather Service, this year the waters of the Pacific Ocean and its coast along without two well-known phenomena of atmospheric, warm and wet El Niño and La Niña cool. The World Meteorological Organization also confirms this information, indicating that the climatic structure over the Pacific Ocean before the end of the year will remain neutral, but is left to inaccurate forecasts a slight chance.

The absence of both El Niño and La Niña events were caused by the fact that last year, the water temperature in the ocean, the water level, cloud

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El Niño warmed globally

July 2, 2013. Thanks dendrochronological analysis, and measurement of the radiation balance of the Earth's surface after the eruption of volcanoes Chinese scientists can say with confidence that the unusual activity of the El Niño phenomenon is a result of global warming. Another group of researchers suggested that climate model, which can be used to predict the next period of activity of the natural anomalies.

El Nino — a natural phenomenon, often accompanied by numerous victims, causing epidemic disease and even provoking armed conflict. The essence of the climate anomaly is this: the El Niño Southern Oscillation, or —

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Sharp fluctuations in climate warming is likely to point to the world: the ancient El Niño clue to future floods

Science (15 July 2011) — According to the scientists' predictions, as warming around the world, harsh climatic fluctuations caused by the floods in Pakistan last year and in Australia this year, probably will continue to be the case.

Researchers from the universities of Oxford and Leeds have found that El Niño (Born El Nino / La Nina — Southern Oscillation, ENSO) — the temperature variation of the surface water in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, which has a significant impact on the climate — annotated. Interpreter) That has an influence on the warmest water of the planet from the West Pacific

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The warmest decade

The first 10 years of this century were the warmest in history, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the United Nations. In addition, according to scientists, the outgoing 2009 finished fifth in the last 160 years in terms of high temperatures.

"In 2009, the excess of the normal level of temperature was observed on every continent except North America — it was cooler standards — said WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud. — The warming trend in the face. This fact leaves no doubt. "

"El Niño" warm the planet, "La Niña" — cools

According to the WMO, the

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Concerns about El Niño saved

Experts that monitor the phenomenon of El Niño, they say that it continued the positive phase still has a significant effect on the mode of atmospheric circulation and weather patterns in many parts of the world where it is usually the case. The beginning of the episode of El Niño was diagnosed in June 2009. Its peak was recorded in November and December 2009, when the sea surface temperature anomaly in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, reaching 1,5 °. According to the model predicted termination of this phenomenon should be expected in mid-2010. However, it is generally believed that the

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A new type of climate anomalies in the Pacific Ocean gaining

NASA. / JPL-NOAA difference in temperatures from the norm (left) and sea level (right) of El Niño in 2009-2010 (Click on the image to view it).

A relatively new type of climate anomaly El Niño heat to the center, shifted from the east to the central part of the Pacific Ocean, it is becoming more frequent and more powerful — it can "messed things up" climate scientists engaged in long-term modeling, says the joint study of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL ), NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States (NOAA).

El Niño

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El Nino may return

El Nino may return Weather and Climate

As suggested meteorologists and climatologists, weather phenomenon El Nino may return to the planet in the next few days, but will be much weaker than the last episode. This conclusion is based on data on the temperature of water in the Pacific Ocean in July and August, which created favorable conditions for the formation of El Niño in September and October.

El Nino usually repeated every two to seven years, and occurs when the wind-trade winds that move the surface layers of the ocean waters begin to subside. Then appear in

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Fires in Southeast Asia take away lives of 15 thousand during the El Niño

Fires in Southeast Asia take away lives of 15 thousand during the El Niño Facts

According to scientists, forest fires in Southeast Asia each year take the life of 15,000 people when the El Niño phenomenon covers the region. The death of so many people due to severe air pollution to the local increase in the concentration of ozone, which are stress factors, such as the heart and to the lungs.

U.S. scientists Environment analyzed the levels of harmful particles in the air in the south-east Asia in the period from 1997 to 2006. It should be noted

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Climatic phenomenon La Niña has peaked

Climatic phenomenon La Niña is associated with a decrease in water temperature in the equatorial Pacific Ocean and affects weather conditions over most of the globe, reached its maximum strength in the coming months will begin to wane, said the World Meteorological Organization, a member of the UN system.

La Niña (La Nina, «girl" in Spanish) is characterized by an abnormal decrease in the sea surface temperature in the central and eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. This process is the reverse of the El Nino (El Nino, «Boy"), which is associated, however, with the warming in the same area. These states

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During El Niño, it is better not to burn trees

Land clearing in Sumatra (Photo Reuters / Corbis).

Miriam Marlene from Earth Observatory Lamont-Doherty (USA) and her colleagues uncovered an unexpected connection between El Niño and increased mortality in Southeast Asia.

During El Niño, the warm waters are displaced in the eastern Pacific and off the coast of Indonesia accumulate cold. This, in particular, leads to suppression of the monsoon, extinguishing fires in which Asians destroys forests, clearing the land for agriculture. If the rainy season is weak, air pollution from fires leads to increased mortality by about 15 thousand people a year.

The researchers focused on

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