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When Smoke Causes a Fire

Knowing an airplane’s flying characteristics

BY J. MAC MCCLELLAN

AN OPERATING CONTROL TOWER provides many benefits to pilots. Controllers, of course, separate airplanes on the runway and direct taxiing airplanes to avoid conflicts. The controllers also provide you with IFR clearances, or handoffs for radar advisories. The people in the tower also can pass along pilot reports warning of us of wind shear on final that other pilots experienced, or to be alert for poor braking conditions or other runway hazards.

And tower controllers also keep an eye on airplanes departing and arriving and are in the best position to

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USNs first female F-14 pilot killed

NAVY Lieutenant Kara S Hultgreen died on October 25,1994. when her F-l4 Tomcat crashed on a landing approach to the carrier USS Abraham Lincoln operating off the southern Californian coast of the United States. Hultgreen’s back-seater, Radar Intercept Officer (RIO) Lt Matthew P Klemish, ejected and was rescued. Lt Hultgreen (29), was the first woman naval aviator to check out as a combat-ready Tomcat pilot, and the first of the USN’s and USAF’s growing cadre of women combat pilots to lose her life while flying a fighter.

Hultgreen joined the Navy in 1987, when women were barred by Congressional policy

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The Fights Still On

Mark Ayton visited 801 and 899 Naval Air Squadrons at RNAS Yeovilton to review the conversion training and frontline tasking of the Royal Navy’s Sea Harrier FA.2 fleet, now in its final 22 months of operation.

RNAS YEOVILTON, Somerset, is the home of the Royal Navy’s Sea Harrier FA.2 fleet, comprising one frontline squadron, 801 Naval Air Squadron (NAS) and the Sea Harrier training unit 899 NAS. As of July 2004, the Sea Harrier has 22 months of service remaining with the Royal Navy. Originally planned to be in service until 2012, its early retirement is the result of a

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Test Pilot

Aviation Week Video/Aviation Week & Space Technology, Volume 3; number 2. Approximate running time 70 minutes, £12.99.

This is one of a series of videos produced by Aviation Week and is of a high technical standard with good, informative commentary and unobtrusive music. Unusually for an American production, it is not entirely about US aircraft and pilots. The worst feature for me was the inclusion of three advertisement slots, albeit brief and entirely related to aviation.

After the introductory footage of an F-14 Tomcat mission, with the appropriate music, the commentary leads easily into the historical view of test pilots.

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Pioneers & Icons.

The efforts of aviation’s visionary designers have continually redefined the airplane, with some of their efforts going on to become icons that are recognized worldwide.

The Spirit Up Close.

In an once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, the Spirit of St. Louis was lowered to the floor of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum for cleaning and repair, and Dan Patterson was there with his camera to record history up close.

As Lindy Left It.

The airplane has not been restored and everything is as Charles Lindbergh left it, complete with pencil marks on the panel recording his fuel use.

American Legends.

Shot

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Investigation Result Into Dutch Apache Crash

Details of the investigation into the crash of AH-64D Apache helicopter 0-20 from the Royal Netherlands Air Force in Afghanistan were made public recently. On August 29, 2004, a flight of two Apaches left Kabul IAP for Bagram airbase to transport emergency radios for testing there and to carry out a reconnaissance mission in the area. The whole flight was to be flown at low level, below 200ft (60m), and during the first phase a riverbed would be followed. The flight was using callsigns Mayhem 1 and 2, where Mayhem 1 was the section leader.

The AH-64D Apache can be

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Hitting the Brakes

IT WAS A SUNNY morning in March when the pilot of a Cessna 177 Cardinal turned final for Runway 35 at Concord Municipal Airport in Concord, New Hampshire. The winds were light, visibility was unrestricted, and the temperature hovered around 18°F. The runways were clear and dry, and no other traffic was in the pattern. What could possibly go wrong?

Touching down, the pilot held back on the elevator and allowed the aerodynamic drag to slow the aircraft; there was no need to use the brakes. As the aircraft approached the intersection, the pilot pushed the left rudder and gently

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Ornithopter

The aircraft, which flaps its wings, invented by Leonardo da Vinci, And 525 years later, it rose into the air, Canadian students.

The name stuck together from the Greek word «bird» and «wing» because the ornithopter flying like a bird rather than an airplane: Stay in the air due to strokes rather than rotating turbine or jet exhaust. The idea is credited with Leonardo da Vinci, whose outline drawing is dated 1485 year.

A model called «Snowbird» («snow bird») also does not pollute the atmosphere, unlike airplanes or helicopters because it is driven by the muscles of the pilot.

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FIT FOR FLIGHT.

IT’S NOT JUST ABOUT THE AIRPLANE.

Although learning to fly doesn’t require a semester of pre-med studies, attention must be paid to physiological factors that could affect pilots and their passengers. These topics are addressed during the practical test as “aeromedical factors.” They are described in the Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge and the Aeronautical Information Manual (www.faa.gov). Your designated pilot examiner (DPE) is required to test your knowledge of the effects of alcohol, drugs, over-the-counter medications, and the effects of excess nitrogen following scuba diving—as well as three additional factors from a list of eight items.

Not surprisingly, hypoxia

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Air War Iraq

Author: Tim Ripley

Details: Pen and Sword Books Ltd, ISBN 1 84415 069 0, 112pp, illus, sbk, £16.99

TIM RIPLEY will be a familiar name to many of our readers as he has written a number of articles for AFM over the past year shedding much-needed light on various subjects related to the war in Iraq. The author spent most of the lead-up to the war and the combat phases reporting from the Middle East, so is well qualified to write such a book. In doing so he provides a photo-journalistic perspective on the vital role that aviation played in

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