Whether this should be the law whether, in the absence of a judicial finding of guilt, the state should be able to take possession of your property has been debated since before American independence. In the Colonial period, the English Crown issued writs of assistance that permitted customs officials to enter homes or vessels and seize whatever they deemed contraband. As the legal scholars Eric Blumenson and Eva Nilsen have noted, these writs were among the key grievances that triggered the American Revolution. The new nations Bill of Rights would expressly forbid unreasonable searches and seizures and promise that no one would be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process. Nonetheless, Congress soon authorized the use of civil forfeiture actions against pirates and smugglers. It was easier to prosecute a vessel and seize its cargo than to try to prosecute its owner, who might be an ocean away. In the ensuing decades, the practice fell into disuse and, aside from a few brief revivals, remained mostly dormant for the next two centuries.

Forfeiture in its modern form began with federal statutes enacted in the nineteen-seventies and aimed not at waitresses and janitors but at organized crime bosses and drug lords. Lawenforcement officers were empowered to seize money and goods tied to the production of illegal drugs. Later amendments allowed the seizure of anything thought to have been purchased with tainted funds, whether or not it was connected to the commission of a crime. Even then, forfeiture remained an infrequent resort until 1984, when Congress passed the Comprehensive Crime Control Act. It established a special fond that turned over proceeds from forfeitures to

Continue reading Whether this should be the law whether, in the absence of a judicial finding of guilt, the state should be able to take possession of your property has been debated since before American independence. In the Colonial period, the English Crown issued writs of assistance that permitted customs officials to enter homes or vessels and seize whatever they deemed contraband. As the legal scholars Eric Blumenson and Eva Nilsen have noted, these writs were among the key grievances that triggered the American Revolution. The new nations Bill of Rights would expressly forbid unreasonable searches and seizures and promise that no one would be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process. Nonetheless, Congress soon authorized the use of civil forfeiture actions against pirates and smugglers. It was easier to prosecute a vessel and seize its cargo than to try to prosecute its owner, who might be an ocean away. In the ensuing decades, the practice fell into disuse and, aside from a few brief revivals, remained mostly dormant for the next two centuries.

Mirror image

For landscape architect Scott Shrader, designing a property’s exterior layout begins not outside, but inside the home. «My initial priority is to survey the residence’s interior style; this includes elements such as the floors, walls, colors and textures,» says Shrader, who adds that this crucial review paves the way for a flawless transition to the outdoors. The featured compound’s exterior spaces evoke that unwavering connection Shrader invariably strives for. Mirroring an interior layout distinguished by muted hues and a «simplistic elegance,» the exterior design presents a corresponding palette of natural tones and a clean selection of plantings and hardscape materials.

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Kevin McCloud

Grand Designs presenter Kevin McCloud believes he’s the world’s worst property expert and that he wouldn’t recognise a trend if it hit him in the face!

So, how did you get in to property?

KM: Well I don’t think I am in to property. I have never made money out of property. So I think I am the world’s worst property expert. What I love about my job is that it has nothing to do with property, it is all about passion – the journey, the adventure, the design process and the way in which self-build is a form of

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Try exotic

Read more about the features and useful properties of overseas fruit, not to get lost in front with an exotic layout.

Longan

Longan is considered the motherland China, and the name of the fruit in Chinese means «dragon’s eye.» Like its close relative of lychees, longan has a light translucent pulp and large dense bone. The skin is thin and easy to clean, not crimson and yellowish-brown. This small-sized fruit, a huge number of useful properties. This tasty treat is not only a real storehouse of vitamins and minerals, but also possesses medicinal properties. Longan improves memory and activates

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FRESH PERSPECTIVE

It’s hard to think of a less appropriate description than ‘retired businessman’ for Richard Pullan. Although he no longer works in the clothing manufacturing industry, much of his time is now taken up managing his various investments, from wine and property to the local bus company. But when he’s not in his office, Richard can be found sailing around the South Devon coast. ‘I’ve always loved this area; it’s so picturesque,’ he says.

Richard’s contemporary house is sat on top of a hill, with uninterrupted views down to the estuary — the perfect spot for assessing the day’s sailing conditions.

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Intellectual property and its place in modern production

Egorov EV, engineer and inventor of the patent work of «Nyzhnyodniprovsky Pipe»

The main goal of any enterprise — profit and its maximization for a maximum period of time.

One of the sources of the profit, along with the optimization of management and marketing policy is the active use of their intellectual property, introduction of modern equipment and technologies. Using these innovations allow, on the one hand, to reduce production costs, and on the other — to improve the quality and consumer properties. All this, taken together or separately, provides a competitive advantage in today’s market.

Almost all of

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A SEA CHANGE

When the Mitchell family outgrew their holiday cottage on the Welsh coast they decided not to buy another. ‘My husband Ian and I had always been to St Davids for our holidays. The beaches were great when our sons, James, now 18, and Iain, 16, were small and the city is so lovely and lively,’ says Christina. ‘But having a home there became a problem because we kept wanting to be in St Davids all of the time and with two growing boys the house had become too small. So we decided to sell up and to go abroad for

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E.Rakovoy: For though what index should be handled carefully

Expert Global Bank Svetlana Bagudinava explains why the bank gave the highest ratings are Belarus. Bagudinava: "This year, as in the past, the countries of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, ahead of other regions in terms of reform. We also look fascinating phenomenon — the reforms are directed to the East. This year, four new countries in the region — this is Albania, Azerbaijan, Kyrgyzstan and Belarus were among the favorites for reform.Belarus this year was one of the most active reformers this year. I should like to note reform in developing new companies — a "single window" for the

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Parents Skrabets confiscate property

Immediately after his arrest Skrabets police outlined property — him, his brother and his parents. The ancestors of the former member of the House of Representatives twice appealed the decision on the confiscation of their property. And twice Pershamajski district tribunal found them to be justified. Now the city Tribunal ruled to confiscate property. It — furniture, refrigerator, TV set, and plumbing so on. All bought almost 30 years ago.Sergei Skrabets was the House of Representatives 2nd convocation of the National Assembly of Belarus (2000 —2004s). Some time headed an informal parliamentary group "Respublika". In the summer of 2004, in

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Sign savetskastsi — Khrushchev

"Of course, outside the city began to look better. But if you combine this with the purity of the Stalinist architecture … it can, and it looks as Europeans, and in my opinion — on the contrary," believes Tatiana."I’m uncomfortable in this town, but I never is a comfortable, "- she admits."To ask for call sign savetskastsi Minsk, I remembered to Khrushchev. Given that Khrushchev once colonized people of the barracks, then it was made. But it is quite different in their look, if you compare with the housing, which in those being constructed in Europe, "- says an employee

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