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Traveling to Myanmar

I came closer to realizing my dream of collecting fishes in Myanmar when, in the fall of 1995, I went to work at the American Museum of Natural History in New York for a year. At that time you could obtain only a two-week visa for travel to Myanmar, and I spent my first week in the capital,

Yangon, waiting for permits. During the second week, I was able to travel around a little. But the wait in Yangon did have a positive side. One evening, over a beer in one of the street cafes, I was told by a

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Three new labyrinth fishes (Anabantoids).

In December 2012, three new species of labyrinth fishes (Anabantoids) were described: Parosphromenus phoenicurus and Parosphromenus gunawani from eastern Sumatra and Betta siamorientalis from eastern Thailand. We now recognize 20 Parosphromenus and 27 Betta species.

Parosphromenus phoenicurus

Horst Linke discovered Parosphromenus phoenicurus Schindler & Linke, 2012 in 2008, and introduced it to the aquarium hobby under the name Parosphromenus sp. “Langgam.” The new species of licorice gourami differs from all other Parosphromenus in the rhombic shape of the caudal fin (as opposed to rounded or filamentary extended tail fins in the other species). The scientific name derives from the Greek

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Three little corys of the Brazilian Shield

The evolution of dwarf fish forms has taken place independently in many different regions of the world. Among the armored catfishes (Corydoradinae), there is a small group of species that are believed to have evolved millions of years ago. These dwarf Corydoras live in the great clearwater rivers of the 500-million-year-old Brazilian Shield.

The South American continent is comprised of very different geographical regions. Large mountain ranges created by tectonic plate shifts, such as the still-young Andes or the 1.9-billion-year-old formations of the Guiana Shield, frame the three major river basins of South America. Between the Guiana Shield and the

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The endemic mollies of the ABC islands

Lush tropical rainforests and pristine white beaches lapped by turquoise waters characterize the quintessential Caribbean shorescape. Travel to the southern belt of the Caribbean and you’ll encounter the ABC islands of the Leeward Antilles-Aruba, Bonaire, and Curacao. Aruba and Curacao are autonomous partners (countries) in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, while Bonaire is a special municipality of the Netherlands. On this small cluster of islands, beautiful beaches give way to stunning fringing reefs full of tantalizing marine fishes. But head inland, and instead of lush tropical forests you will find dusty red earth dotted with cacti and Acacia trees. The

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THE ENDEMIC MOLLIES OF THE ABC ISLANDS: Van de Polls Molly

(Poecilia vandepolli)

Lush tropical rainforests and pristine white beaches lapped by turquoise waters characterize the quintessential Caribbean shorescape. Travel to the southern belt of the Caribbean and you’ll encounter the ABC islands of the Leeward Antilles—Aruba, Bonaire, and Curacao. Aruba and Curacao are autonomous partners (countries) in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, while Bonaire is a special municipality of the Netherlands. On this small cluster of islands, beautiful beaches give way to stunning fringing reefs full of tantalizing marine fishes. But head inland, and instead of lush tropical forests you will find dusty red earth dotted with cacti and Acacia

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Snails with charm: Tylomelania

When discussing the large snails of the genus Tylomelania, many people say they are “charming.” Probably no other species of mollusks have become so popular in the aquarium hobby in such a short time as these gentle giants from Sulawesi. And the more attention they get from aquarists, the louder the requests for valid information on the habitat and biology of this genus have become. It is time to correct many false assumptions and half-truths about these snails.

On my trips to my dream island of Sulawesi, Indonesia, in addition to many fish and shrimp species I have found the

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Madagascars elusive Bedotia

Rainbowfishes

For over 15 years, I have mainly worked with the rainbowfishes of Australia and New Guinea. I have kept many species and have also propagated them to some extent. Of course, some Bedotia madagascariensis found their way into my aquariums, but they led a rather shadowy existence. This species has been present in the aquarium trade since the early 1950s.

Toward the end of 2003, when I noticed two completely unfamiliar Bedotia species being offered on a U.S. auction website as Bedotia sp. “Ankavia” and B. sp. “Lazana,” I knew that somehow, I had to get some of these

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Ichthyological Research

The scientific study of Myanmar’s freshwater fish fauna can be divided into three phases. The first phase began with the influence of the British Empire in India and what was then Burma, from around the middle of the nineteenth century on. The first freshwater fishes studied from Myanmar were the Zebra Spiny Eel, Macrognathus zebrinus, and the catfish Amblyceps caecutiens, both described by Edward Blyth. In a further monograph Blyth described additional freshwater species from the district of Tenasserim, which in those days included the whole of southeastern Myanmar. Some of the best-known species are probably the danionin Danio albolineatus

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Dwarf Corys

Dwarf corys are the ideal choice for the classic 24-inch (60cm), 15-gallon (54-L) tank. They are peaceful, active during the daytime, and easy to maintain. They can be reproduced quite easily because they do not eat their offspring.

In short, if you like nano-scale fishes and only have a bit of space you should try dwarf corys. This article introduces the most common species.

Among the more than 400 catfish species of the subfamily Corydoradinae (family Callichthyidae) that colonize the numerous South American river systems, we know a variety of shapes and sizes. They range from the large, bulky species

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Environmentalists have confirmed accommodation Pallas’ cats in the Sayano-Shushenskaya power reserve

Pallas in the Sayano-Shushenskaya power reserve

Pallas in the Sayano-Shushenskaya power reserve

Unique shots of wild cat — Pallas's cat got scientists using camera traps in Sayano-Shushenskaya Reserve, where the dwelling of this rare animal has previously been questioned, the deputy director for environmental education Reserve Elena Ozhigova.

Pallas is listed in the International and Russian Red Book. Scientists point out that in recent decades the number of Pallas' cat in Russia declined. The biggest impact this is having on hunting, the massive use of loops and snares to catch hares and foxes, the deterioration of

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