TYPES OF SYNTHESIS

There are many types of synthesis beyond traditional subtractive techniques, and there are plenty of synths out there that offer a whole range in a single unit or software instrument. The most common types are additive synthesis, which builds sounds by adding waveforms together, and frequency modulation (FM), which uses one or more oscillators to modulate the tonal and amplitude characteristics of another oscillator. These types excel at brash, digital-sounding bells and metallic sounds, and are also capable of creating more complex waveforms than subtractive techniques alone.

Native Instruments’ FM8 is a prime example of a modern FM synth and

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THE FUTURE OS SYNTHESIS

There’s no way to predict exactly which directions synthesis will take in the future, and it’s highly possible that someone will come up with something mind-bendingly different that we’d never have dreamed of. However, there are definitely a few things that we can see happening over the next few years. Firstly, analogue emulations will continue to get better as the ability of computers to crunch numbers improves. Hopefully, though, this will be used in new and interesting ways that don’t seek simply to copy the designs of yesteryear. It’s only a matter of time until one of the big guns

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SOFTWARE SYNTH

The rise of software synths has been nothing less than meteoric, with thousands of developers large and small offering up their take on synthesis techniques alongside new and innovative designs. Whereas hardware synths are limited in terms of number of oscillators, filters and other components, in the software world we can combine a huge number of such elements, perhaps excessively stacking oscillators for massive-sounding waveforms. Although an analogue-modelled Minimoog soft synth might not equal its hardware counterpart, consider the fact that you can layer up multiple instances and also use it in polyphonic mode.

However, while many companies look to

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Physics Dubna reproduced synthesis of superheavy element 117

MOSCOW, June 25. Physicists at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna near Moscow successfully replicated the experiment on the synthesis of superheavy element 117 of the periodic table, obtaining evidence that will help the official recognition of the opening of the new element by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, told RIA Novosti deputy director of the Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions Andrew Popeko.

In nature there are no elements with an atomic number (number of protons in the nucleus of an atom) is greater than 92, that is heavier than uranium. Heavier elements, such as

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The synthesis of element 117 were confirmed in Dubna and Darmstadt

November 23, 2012 in Dubna, opened the autumn session of the Committee of Plenipotentiary Representatives of the Governments of the Member States of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research

It will take stock of the JINR in 2012 to review the draft budget of the Institute for 2013 and draft contributions from member countries, cooperation with JINR European scientific institutions, will discuss the work in a number of other areas.

One of the major scientific achievements of JINR in the past year has not only become an official international recognition of the discovery of elements 114 and 116 of

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North Ossetia and Germany have agreed to cooperate in the field of preparative organic synthesis

National Innovation and Technology Centre of Materials concluded an agreement on cooperation with famous international chemicals company Bayer Crop Science AG (Germany) Preparation of organic synthesis.

This was reported in the Ministry of Education of North Ossetia. According to the head of the institution Tatyana Belyaeva, Center will develop processes for the synthesis of organic compounds, the preparation of which the usual methods is almost impossible.

The special technology, which was developed by local experts to help solve these problems, and that interest group representatives. Their structures were confirmed to be new compounds modern methods of infrared

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In Dubna celebrate the international recognition of the synthesis of elements 114 and 116

Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, today celebrate the opening of the international recognition of the 114th and the 116th element of the periodic table.

The statement was published in the journal «Pure and Applied Chemistry» at the beginning of the summer, and sdelanounas wrote about this recognition, but the official announcement of the long-awaited event was followed by only 2 September 2011 on the all-institute research seminar, held at the Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions behalf of Mr. . N. Flerova. A report on the history and prospects for the discovery of new superheavy elements made supervisor

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Russian scientists have managed synthesis of nanostructures using fields

Figure 1. Laser synthesis of carbon nanostructures in a uniform electric field: 1 — the direction of the laser radiation, 2 — metal plates under a dc voltage, 3 — coordinate table with a sample of graphite on it

Use as a controlling factor of the external electric and magnetic fields can control the structure of the synthesized nanoparticles. Details of research on this issue will be published in the May issue of the journal "Russian Nanotechnology". The work was conducted under the Federal Program "Research and development on priority directions of scientific-technological complex of Russia for

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NKNKh introduced a new reactor for the synthesis of isoprene

"Nizhnekamskneftekhim" (NKNKh) has commissioned a sixth reactor for the synthesis of isoprene in the factory for the production of isoprene monomer, the press service of the company. The new rector, compared with the five existing, has a number of structural features. Its inclusion in the work will not only increase the production of isoprene, but also gives greater reliability and flexibility of process technology, and allows output to purge the remaining reactors on schedule without reducing the production of isoprene. NKNKh — one of Russia’s largest producers of synthetic rubber, which is the raw material for isoprene, writes Rupec.ru.

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Alcor Bio Group has started the synthesis of oligonucleotides

under the order

SC Alcor Bio takes orders from third parties on the synthesis of oligonucleotides. The company’s equipment produces oligonucleotides not only standard definition but also high-purity, suitable for the most delicate scientific experiments, for example, for cloning.

In mid-March, the St. Petersburg Biotech Holding Alcor Bio announced the start accepting orders from third parties on Oligonucleotide synthesis. Earlier in the Civil Alcor Bio oligosintez was arranged for their own needs: to design and produce kits for PCR and microarray diagnostics, as well as for the project to clinical sequencing.

"Today, for their own

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