Using a variety of eclectic containers lends interest to decorative floral arrangements by Christina Noll

We all know that flowers and plants are a wonderful way ro brighten up the home but if you want to take it a step further, decorative containers make a variety of different statements.

“Anybody can do this,” says Marsha Koller, owner of Koller Communications. Marsha is part of the Down to Earth Garden Club but she considers the designs she creates in decorative containers a hobby. It started when a friend asked her to get involved with Art in Bloom at the University of Kentucky, a program where participants interpret a piece of art work in a floral design.

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CROP is not the one he grew up, and the one taken from the garden

Nearing the end of the fifth year of seven-year period. Gardeners state and collective farms worked hard and raised a rich harvest of fruits and berries, despite the fact that last winter was severe in some areas and caused considerable damage to fruit trees.

In the North Caucasus from peach and apricot podmerzli to 30% of fruit buds. In areas of low temperatures in the spring of Transcaucasia and prolonged rains in the flowering period adversely affected the pollination of fruit crops. In the gardens of Moldova, located in the lower places, much podmerzli fruit wood in some varieties of

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An old friend will not fail

Traditionally, the southern culture of grapes is now widely grown in northern regions, in Siberia, in the Urals.

One of the first to seriously address the «osevereniem» grapes near Orenburg, in the strongholds of viticulture, created in 1963 (now — the Experimental Station of Horticulture and Viticulture). Much credit for this belongs to the vineyard-breeder Fyodor Ilyich Shatilov, who this year would have turned 95 years old.


In all the years of the station tested more than a thousand varieties. Himself Shatilov displayed about 170 hybrid forms (GF). Experimental Station of the achievements I want to note the variety

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Plum for the canning industry

The canning industry plum fruit prized for its high technological quality, especially for the production of prunes and stewed fruit.

In the middle belt of the European part of the USSR drain enough winter-hardy, and the fruits of local varieties have poor technological quality.

In recent years, as a result of work AN Veniaminov, X. Enikeeva, EP Finaeva and other Soviet breeders assortment plum in the middle lane is filled with new vysokozimostoykimi varieties with fruits of good qualities. It is necessary to test the suitability of new fruit varieties for the production of fruit compote and jams, especially local

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Plum in the Central Tien Shan

In the Kyrgyz Research Institute of Agriculture conducted a special study on the development of horticulture in the region of the Central Tien Shan. It is located at an altitude of 1600 (the lowest point) to 2500 meters above sea level, climatic conditions for agriculture and gardening are unfavorable. According to long-term data in areas where cultivated field crops, the absolute maximum temperature (in July and August), plus up to 34 °, and minimum (November-March) — minus 38-43 °. In addition, the temperature during the month and the day also changes abruptly. The frost-free period is only 75-80 days and

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Prospects for own-rooted culture

IN CONTEMPORARY horticulture define two types of crops — non-grafted and grafted. Graft has made great progress in horticulture and main tree fruit rightfully occupies a leading position. Along with this production, and own-rooted interest plantations.

In contrast to the grafted non-grafted plants are genetically homogeneous, have a high physiological integrity. With aging or winter damage aboveground parts are better restored, which makes them more durable. With high rates of own-rooted vegetative propagation is removed taking care of seeds, rootstocks, grafting process is eliminated. All of this greatly simplifies the cultivation of seedlings.

However, own-rooted culture still has not found

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About spines and tubercles

Spines, or glandular hairs on fruit regulate the evaporation of moisture. They can be white, brown or black. Simple spines are located directly on the surface of the fruit or tubercles, complex have elongated tapered and spherical base of the hairs sitting on the surface of the ovary. Dark colored spines causes the presence of a water-soluble pigment — flavones, which gradually builds up, blackens and stops the activity of evaporative spines. inkrustiruya it and making lomkim.Zasolochnye quality also depend on the density of the pulp of the fruit, structure and nature of the vascular system. The flesh of

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Looking for winter hardiness, annual fruiting gardens

Gardeners of the country lay the annual fruit plantations over a large area. In nurseries only Mogilev region (Byelorussia) in 1963, more than a million seedlings grown apple. As if we’re doing good, useful work — creating gardens for those who will live under communism. After all, an apple tree lives for almost 100 years, and more than a pear.

But what it will Gardens? In the gardens of the Mogilev region, for example, it grows mainly Antonivka, trees which bear fruit in a year. Antonovka Apples are stored only until January, at best, until February (Antonivka-kamenichka).

To create

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Own-rooted stone

Plum in the middle strip of the country and especially its eastern areas and not widespread. The main reason — lack of hardiness of trees existing varieties. Freeze flower buds, fruit twigs and bark, reduces their productivity, and 10-12 years after planting the crops are dying.

Spreading Culture plum difficulties associated with the cultivation of grafted planting material. Plodopitomnicheskih farms in the Penza region in the past five years, the output of seedlings did not exceed 18-20%. The fruit nursery Penza Agricultural College on different rootstocks (seedlings cultivated varieties of plum, blackthorn, various forms ternoslivy) yield seedlings all grades average

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Clonal selection — at the service of production

Until recently, the assortment of fruit and berry crops is improved due to new breeding varieties. Previous notions of immutability varietal characteristics of vegetatively propagated plants completely outdated.

Gardeners have not learned to consciously control clonal variability and have not studied its sources. Yet direct responsibility of workers of science and industry — the securities selection and elimination of unwanted variation within varieties.

Intravarietal selection greatly enriched the industrial assortment of fruit (especially apple) and berry crops in the Americas and Western Europe. This is accomplished primarily through the introduction of krasnoplodnyh bud-variation varieties of apple and pear partially. Krasnoplodnye

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