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When Smoke Causes a Fire

Knowing an airplane’s flying characteristics

BY J. MAC MCCLELLAN

AN OPERATING CONTROL TOWER provides many benefits to pilots. Controllers, of course, separate airplanes on the runway and direct taxiing airplanes to avoid conflicts. The controllers also provide you with IFR clearances, or handoffs for radar advisories. The people in the tower also can pass along pilot reports warning of us of wind shear on final that other pilots experienced, or to be alert for poor braking conditions or other runway hazards.

And tower controllers also keep an eye on airplanes departing and arriving and are in the best position to

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Strike wing

Coastal Command’s campaign against enemy surface shipping during the early years of the war met with limited success. The Blenheims, Hampdens and Beauforts rarely attacked as a co-ordinated force and, faced by a formidable threat, suffered heavy losses for very modest results.

The availability of the Beaufighter brought about a dramatic change in the anti-shipping campaign and the Command’s Strike Wings changed the course of the war in the waters off German-occupied Europe.

In November 1942 the first of the Strike Wings was formed at North Coates on the Lincolnshire coast. Its task was to attack the important convoys, heavily

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Rockwells Lancer

NAMING a MILITARY aircraft is an unofficial seal of approval; the withholding of it betrays uncertainty. When in June 1990 the name Lancer was officially adopted for the Rockwell B-1B, some four years after initial operational capability was achieved and more than two years after the 100th and final aircraft was accepted by the USAF, it looked suspiciously like belated remorse. Prior to this, the unofficial soubriquet of Excalibur had been applied, but as this is also a brand name for an unmentionable rubber product, it failed to catch on. After a long and chequered history, it now seems that

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Power to Lift

Large-scale powered-lift demonstrations underline the value of flow control for aircraft efficiency

During the past year, two large powered-lift models have been tested in the National Full-Scale Aerodynamics Complex (NFAC) at NASA Ames Research Center in California, evaluating the low-speed benefits of blowing air over high-lift flaps for short takeoff and landing (STOL).

High-speed tests in the National Transonic Facility (NTF) at NASA Langley Research Center in Virginia have investigated the benefits of blowing to reduce drag in the cruise. And while a STOL transport, civil or military, looks unlikely in the next decade or so, the wind-tunnel tests conducted

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New York Snipers

Mark Ayton spoke with members of the 174th Fighter Wing, New York Air National Guard about recent capability upgrades to the F-16C.

THE 174TH Fighter Wing (FW) is part of the New York Air National Guard. It operates 15 Block 30 F-16C Fighting Falcons from Hancock Field, the military side of Syracuse International airport, in mid-state New York and has approximately 1,000 people assigned.

Since the first F-16 arrived at Syracuse in 1988, the 174th has flown Block 10 F-16As, Block 25 F-16Cs and the current Block 30 F-16C. It was one of only two Air National Guard F-16 Wings

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Little owls

The little owl is one of the most widely distributed species of owl, native to warmer parts of Europe, North Africa, and Asia east to Korea. It was introduced to Great Britain in the 19th century, and to southern New Zealand in the early 20th century. As the name would suggest, it’s not the largest bird, measuring from 230-275mm in length. It is recognisable by its white speckled brown plumage, large head, long legs, yellow eyes and its distinctive white eyebrows’ which give it a somewhat stern expression. The little owl is partly diurnal, so you don’t have to go

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Gulf bluff

MASS DEPLOYMENT of Iraqi troops on the Kuwaiti border between October 5 and 9 for once brought about a swift response I from Allied forces and particularly the USA. The build-up of US forces in the region under Operation Vigilant Warrior included aircraft of the 1st Wing from Langley AFB (9 F-15s); 9th Wing from Beale AFB (four U-2s and six KC-135s); 23rd Wing from Pope AFB, North Carolina (18 F-16s, 14 C-130s, 24 O/A-10s); and the 20th FW from Shaw AFB, South Carolina (12 F-16s).

The C-17A saw its operational capabilities put to the test for the first time,

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Ornithopter

The aircraft, which flaps its wings, invented by Leonardo da Vinci, And 525 years later, it rose into the air, Canadian students.

The name stuck together from the Greek word «bird» and «wing» because the ornithopter flying like a bird rather than an airplane: Stay in the air due to strokes rather than rotating turbine or jet exhaust. The idea is credited with Leonardo da Vinci, whose outline drawing is dated 1485 year.

A model called «Snowbird» («snow bird») also does not pollute the atmosphere, unlike airplanes or helicopters because it is driven by the muscles of the pilot.

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Canadian restructuring continues

IN PREPARATION FOR its disbondment on August 1, 1995, the Canadian Forces 7th Wing (based at CFB Uplands, Ottawa) has lost both its subordinate squadrons, the 412th Transport Sqn and 450th Tactical Helicopter Sqn.

The 412th Transport Sqn was virtually decimated during 1994, having retired its CO 109 Cosmopolitans on June 30 and recently transferred two CC144A Challengers (CL-600) to the 434th Combat Support Sqn at CFB Shearwater, the home of the 12th Wing.

This leaves the squadron with the sole responsibility of maintaining the administrative flight service with four CG 144B (CL-601), serials 144613-144616, owned by the Treasury Board.

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Bucaneers development days

THE ARTICLE ON the remaining DRA Buccaneers brought back some interesting thoughts on the amount of work carried out on those aeroplanes at Brough, long after the production lines had closed.

Initially, a metal nose that had first been flown on A&AEE S.I XN927 was resurrected for Nightbird. The whole nose structure of XV344 required re-stressing for this and the mass of equipment installed.

Expanding and monitoring the Buccaneer fatigue life was another major activity at this time. After the accident involving XV345 during a Red Flag exercise in February 1980, the fleet was grounded. Fatigue cracking in a hidden

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